Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew out of a small agricultural community, founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 10th century BCE. Located along the Mediterranean Sea, and centered at the city of Rome, it became one of the largest empires in the ancient world.
In its centuries of existence, Roman civilization shifted from a monarchy to an oligarchic republic to an increasingly autocratic empire. It came to dominate South-Western Europe, South-Eastern Europe/Balkans and the Mediterranean region through conquest and assimilation.
Source: Wikipedia, Ancient Rome
There are many very well-documented genealogies from the late Republic and early Empire, but the connections to medieval Europe are largely conjectural.
The goal of this project is to resolve duplicates and ensure the quality of the profiles pertaining to the families of ancient Rome.
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See Naming Conventions.
Roman names can be confusing because they do not follow modern European and American naming customs. As a general rule of thumb, the Roman surname is the second of three names, not the third. Geni's name fields do not yet handle Roman names effectively. The most effective workaround is to place all names in the First Name field, leaving the Middle Name and Last Name fields blank.
For a simple introduction to Roman names, see Wikipedia, Roman Names.
The classic Roman name was the trianomina. That is, Roman men had three names. The first name (praenomen) was a given name. The second name (nomen) was the family name. The third name (cognomen) was originally a nickname, but became hereditary. This third name was the name by which men were known.
Using Gaius Julius Caesar as an example:
- Gaius was his given name
- Julius was his family name (surname)
- Caesar was the name by which he was known
Roman women were generally known only by one name, the feminine form of the family's nomen. For example, the daughter of Gaius Julius Caesar was Julia.
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