Aim and Scope
To gather profiles of the men who were POWs in Bermuda and who have profiles on GENi, and to share interesting tales and anecdotes about individuals. Please collaborate and contribute...
During the Anglo-Boer War (1899–1902), Bermuda received and housed a total of approximately 4,619 Boer prisoners of war, of whom 850 were under the age of 19. The youngest was six years old and the oldest 78. Of the prisoners, 35 died on Bermuda and six? died en route.
They were placed in camps related to their views and authorities' assessment of risk. "Bitterenders" men who refused to pledge allegiance to the British Crown, were interned on Darrell's Island and closely guarded. Other islands were allowed to be nearly self-governing.
There was an Industrial Association linked to each camp. This encouraged participation in camp work but also in the making of craft items and games.
David Stephen du Plooy, a young Boer soldier, who served under Cronje, and then was a prisoner of war, arrived in New York a stowaway on the steamship Trinidad from Bermuda yesterday. (July 10, 1901)
On the Island of St George initially 37 "Colonial Rebels" sentenced to life imprisonment with hard labour were kept in the local gaol. They were held in solitary confinement and prohibited from talking amongst themselves or communicating by any other means. They were not allowed to receive visitors, letters or newspapers. The Reverend JR Albertyn was allowed to visit the jail once a week but only to read the Scriptures. However, on occasions he was able to transmit messages in Afrikaans under the guise of his sermon to these men in detention from their families.
The number of rebels imprisoned on the Island of St George increased to such an extent that a special camp had to be established on the western approaches of the Island of Hawkins to cope with the 250 who were being held in detention on the island.
360 - 607 men, The camp at Burt Island was brought into use in July 1901 and was closed in October 1902. Prisoners were under the command of Captain EE Pine. Indications point to this camp developing into a centre for those totally opposed to the British, and most adept at influencing their fellow prisoners to hold firm. They were classed as “irreconcilables”.
Major Armstrong commanded the camp at Darrell Island where some 1100 "Bitterender" prisoners were held until October 1902. About 300 bittereinders refused to sign a certificate pledging fealty to the British King. The last “bittereinder” in Bermuda died in 1927.
Some 1300 Prisoners of War were allocated to the camp on Hawkins Island under the command of Captain Traherne. In use from December 1901 to August 1902 when it closed.
884 men, including 27 officers, Major Elkington commanded the camp where approximately 850 men were kept between September 1901 and January 1903 when it was closed.
Port Island - Hospital Island
35 men at one stage..
Zeta Island - Contagious diseases hospital Island
809 men /700 Prisoners of War under the command of Major Morrice were held on the Island of Tuckers until the camp was closed in August 1902.
In June 1901, The New York Times reported an attempted mutiny by 900 Boer prisoners of war en route to Bermuda on the Armenian, noting it was suppressed. It described the preparation of the camps for the men and said that martial law would hold on Darrell's Island. Several escapes happened soon after their arrival. A young Boer soldier (David Stephen du Plooy) escaped from Darrell's Island soon after arrival, reached the main docks, and stowed away on the steamship Trinidad, arriving in New York July 9. He hoped to be allowed to stay in the US. Three prisoners of war escaped on July 10 from Darrell's Island to mainland Bermuda.
NAME OF BOAT DATE OF ARRIVAL NUMBERS CAMPS
- Armenian 28 June 1901 963 Darrells, Burtts (Most men were from Cronje’s command and were taken at Paardeberg)
The Armenian left Cape Town May 29 01 for Bermuda
- Ranee 18 July 1901 518 Darrells, Burtts
- Manilla 1 August 1901 607 Tuckers
- 10 Jul 01 The Manilla is taking POWs from Durban to Bermuda. 7 prisoners died on the voyage, 2 from pneumonia and 5 from malaria.
- Montrose 13 September 1901 932 Morgan's
- The Montrose arrived had a rough passage. There were 74 cases of measles (2 died), 10 cases of pneumonia, 5 bronchitis, and 6 of senile decay.
- Harlech Castle 20 December 1901 340 Hawkins
- Monrose 16 January 1902 1,259 Hawkins
- Willem Bachofner
- Thomas Philip Brain (born in Natal)
- Andries Daniel Cronje
- Oelaf Abraham Izak Davel (born Richmond)
- Dirk Jacob Carl Bekker Van Deventer
- Petrus Marthinus Ferreira
- Gordon Alexander Fraser (born Philippolis OVS)
- Christian Jozua "Japie" Hauptfleisch (from Altona)
- Ernst von Khaynack (German captured in Cape Town, son of a Baron)
- Julius August Kieser (successful farmer near Jo'burg)
- Richard Alexander Knipe
- Jacob Johannes Malan
- Dirk Postma (born Aliwal North)
- Joubert Reitz (2nd son of ex-Pres of Orange Free State)
- Ignatius Michael van Rooyen (Ferreira's cousin)
- Frank Wilhelm Schonken
- Peter Gysbert Steyn (brother of Pres Steyn of Orange Free State)
- Jacob Wilhelm deVilliers (served briefly afterwards as Chief Justice of Union of S.A.) *Lodewyk Christian Marinus Wegerif
- Johannes Bernadus Wessels (general who had led troops at Battle of Sannaspos)
1904: REMAINING IRRECONCILABLES FC Launspach, an internee, who had left for the United States on 20 August 1904 provided the names of remaining irreconcilables:
STATUS NAME AGE PLACE
- Single HFC Prinsloo 35 of Pretoria, ZAR
- Married JA Lowe 29 of Fauresmith, OVS
- Single RJ Swanepoel 35 of Lichtenburg, ZAR
- Single *W Duweling 40 of Johannesburg, ZAR
- Married WP Laubscher 63 of Zeerust, ZAR
- Single DJ Greyling 26 of Smithfield, OVS
- Single PJ Mielitz 33 of Pretoria, ZAR
- Married J Bothma 53 of Ermelo, ZAR
- Single MJ Swart 38 of Middleburg, ZAR
- Andries Johannes du Plessis1869-1922
- Hendrik Salomon de Klerk 1855-
- Fritz Joubert Duquesne 1877 - 1956
- Daniel Jacobus Joubert 1855
- Jan Johannes Joubert 1883 - 1923
- Nicolaas Jacobus Jacobs Sergeant in the Field Telegraph Section O.F.S. Artillery
- Jacobus Andries Abraham Kleynhans 1878
- Jan Sarel Marthinus Kruger 1848-1902 Buried at sea.
- Petrus Kruger 1871
- Dr August Schulenburg a medical doctor.
- Andrew A Smit Bekend as Oom Andrew. Sy dagboeke is uitgegee deur Johan Oosthuizen.
- Vainer, (who had gone mad. He was 1 of 5 Russians in Bermuda)
- Carel Frederik Ziervogel 1874 - 1959
Died in Bermuda
GRAVE NUMBER NAME and AGE CAUSE BURIAL DATE
- 1 119117 DJ Roodt (19) Enteric fever 6.7.01
- 2 19883 P de Klerck (22) Enteric fever 19.8.01
- 3 20371 WJ Smith (30) Erysipelas 26.8.01
- 4 19662 PJ Eloff (37) Carcinoma 10.9.01
- 5 19971 PW Maartens (23) Enteric fever 11.9.01
- 6 20093 LA Nel (54) Heart disease 15.9.01
- 7 21491 JN Steyn (31) Enteric fever 23.9.01
- 8 21023 CS de Haas (55) Pneumonia 3.10.01
- 9 17429 WDJ van Vuuren (71) Debility 4.11.01
- 10 19883 D de Klerk (19) Meningitis 21.11.01
- 11 20852 JA Calitz (41) Pnemuonia 21.11.01
- 12 21330 JP du Plessis (53) Pneumonia 30.12.01
- 13 24507 DF Beukes (19) Pneumonia 23.1.01
- 14 20326 PB Schalkwyk (41) Pneumonia 30.1.02
- 15 26127 GC Olivier (31) Heart disease 01.2.02
- 16 26047 TD Moolman (12) Meningitis 08.3.02
- 17 20663 S Charalaahedron (22) Tuberculosis 18.3.02
- 18 20339 AHA Schoeman (65) Syncope 30.3.02
- 19 25530 DJ Botha (40) Pneumonia 31.3.02
- 20 21309 RJ Opperman (45) Bright's disease 07.4.02
- 21 20843 *DJ de Bruyn (18) Enteric fever 08.4.02
- 22 16870 F Bosch (16) Shot escaping 28.4.02
- 23 20654 AJ van der Walt (66) Pneumonia 29.4.02
- 24 19638 WC Diedericks (66) Heart disease 01.5.02
- 25 20102 DG Nortje (53) Syncope 31.5.02
- 26 20562 JS Vermaak (53) Dysentery 02.7.02
- 27 24809 JH Joubert (67) Pericarditis 04.7.02
- 28 25116 DS Prinsloo (66) Gastritis 20.7.02
- 29 20048 BE Meyer (36) Enteric fever 15.8.02
- 30 26685 WJJ van Zyl (20) Heart disease 23.8.02
- 31 26326 SW van der Sandt (41) Enteric fever 03.9.02
- 32 21003 NJ Goosen (27) Tuberculosis 06.9.02
- 33 25269 *SJ Steyn (49) Bright's disease 12.9.02
- 34 21496 *JH Steyn (20) Enteric fever 06.11.02
- 35 21078 *WE Johnston (27) Enteric fever 15.1.03
WE Johnstone had died in 1901 during the period that the rebels (*) were held in the military prison at St. George's. He had been buried there, but his remains were moved to Long Island on the date shown.
Died and buried at Sea
- Those who died en route to Bermuda were buried at sea.
- De Haas, Barend Johannes Died on 14/12/1901 (32) from Pneumonia
- De Kock, Andries Johannes Died 5/12/1901(28) from Measles
- 2 deaths due to Measles/Meningitis
- 13 due to Pneumonia
- 4 of Bronchitis
- 1 of TB
- 1 of Debility
- 1 of Asthma
- 1 of Senile decay
- Jacobus Gustavus Theodorus van Niekerk 1852 - 1901
- Barnard, Jan Hendrik Died 24/8/1901 (40) from Pneumonia,
- Britz, Jan Johannes Rudolf Died on 1/1/1902 (20) from Pneumonia
- De Beer, Johannes Joseph Died 29/8/1901 (42) - Pneumonia
- Dippenaar, Petrus Johannes Died 3/1/1902 (45) of Measles
- Pieter Jacobus Geldenhuis Died 2/10/1901 (64) On board the Montrose of Atrophy and debility
How to Participate
If you have an ancestor who was in the Bermuda POW Camp:
- Get yourself added as a collaborator
- Navigate to your ancestor's profile
- Under the "More Actions" link choose "Add to Project"
- Select the Bermuda POW " project
How to add a link is explained in the attached document - Adding links to Geni profiles to projects.
- Include in the "About Me" section of each person a brief biographical sketch of their lives. Also include the ship name and arrival date if known
- Include a photograph/painting of your ancestor if one exists.
- Your ancestor's profiles should be marked as "public" and not "private".
- All included profiles should include full identifying information including birth and death dates as well as birth and death locations. It would also be very helpful if the immediate family of your pioneer ancestor, (their parents, siblings and children) profiles were public profiles also.
- Do not make public any profiles of living people.
NOTE: All POW included on this project will have their profiles editable by other geni.com collaborators of this project. The object of reproducing the list here is to see if these people can be located on Geni and perhaps develop trees from them. To take part in any project - you do need to first be a collaborator - so join the project. See the discussion Project Help: How to add Text to a Project - Starter Kit to get you going!