Start My Family Tree Welcome to Geni, home of the world's largest family tree.
Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree.

Third Crusade (1189-1192)

« Back to Projects Dashboard

Project Tags

view all


  • Otto I, count of Guelders (c.1150 - 1207)
    Otto van Gelre, Otto von Geldern, Otto de Gueldres, Otto of Guelders Geboren/geburt/nee/born: 00-00-1150 Overleden/gestorben/mort/death: 00-05-1207 Begraven1207 te Klooster Kamp Ouders/eltern...
  • Osmond de Stuteville (c.1116 - c.1192)
    from the book A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire, By John Bernard Burke, published 1852 Starting with p.908. His son, Robert de Estoteville II,...
  • Hughes III, duke of Burgundy (c.1148 - 1192)
    Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Hugh III of Burgundy (1142 – August 25, 1192, in Acre) was duke of Burgundy between 1162 and 1192. Hugh was the eldest son of duk...
  • Philippe of Beauvis de Dreux, Vidame de Gerberoy (c.1158 - 1217)
    He was an active soldier, an ally in the field of Philip Augustus, the French king and his cousin, making him an opponent in campaigns in France and elsewhere of Richard I of England. He was in also ...
  • Robert II, comte de Dreux (c.1154 - 1218)
    Robert II of Dreux (1154 – 28 December 1218), Count of Dreux and Braine, was the eldest surviving son of Robert I, Count of Dreux, and Agnes de Baudemont, countess of Braine, and a grandson of K...

For naming conventions, see Medieval Kingdoms of Western Europe.

The Third Crusade (1189–1192), also known as the Kings' Crusade, was an attempt by European leaders to reconquer the Holy Land from Saladin (Salāh ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb). It was largely successful, yet fell short of its ultimate goal—the reconquest of Jerusalem.

After the failure of the Second Crusade, the Zengid dynasty controlled a unified Syria and engaged in a conflict with the Fatimid rulers of Egypt, which ultimately resulted in the unification of Egyptian and Syrian forces under the command of Saladin, who employed them to reduce the Christian states and to recapture Jerusalem in 1187. Spurred by religious zeal, Henry II of England and Philip II of France ended their conflict with each other to lead a new Crusade (although Henry's death in 1189 put the English contingent under the command of Richard Lionheart instead). The elderly Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa responded to the call to arms, and led a massive army across Anatolia, but drowned before reaching the Holy Land. Many of his discouraged troops left to go home.

After driving the Muslims from Acre, the Christian powers argued over the spoils of war; frustrated with Richard, Frederick's successor Leopold V of Austria and Philip left the Holy Land in August 1191. Saladin failed to defeat Richard in any military engagements, and Richard secured several more key coastal cities. Nevertheless, on September 2, 1192, Richard finalized a treaty with Saladin by which Jerusalem would remain under Muslim control, but which also allowed unarmed Christian pilgrims to visit the city. Richard departed the Holy Land on October 9. The successes of the Third Crusade would allow the Crusaders to maintain a considerable kingdom based in Cyprus and the Syrian coast. But the failure of the Third Crusade to recapture Jerusalem would lead to the call for a Fourth Crusade six years later.

External links

Jump Back To