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Medieval Kingdoms of Western Europe

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Project scope

The scope of this project is Western Europe during the Middle Ages; a period that began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 and ended during the European Renaissance in the 14th century.

Medieval naming conventions

First Name

Given name (birth or baptism) in their respective language, followed by their ordinal, if applicable.

Example: Arnaut I.

Middle Name

Middle names are rare in the medieval period; if the person had two names, they usually used both in combination.

Example: Pèire Bernat.

The more common use of this field for medieval profiles is for sobriquets, or nicknames, enclosed in single quotes (' '), double quotes (" ") or guillemets (« »), depending on the language.

Example: the Great.

Last Name

Obviously, people did not have surnames in this period (at least as we commonly use them today). If they did have a surname, it was usually either toponymic or patronymic. This was case for both men and women as wives did not take the name of her husband. Occasionally this name became the name of a royal house which was passed down to their descendants. Please use proper case for this and all other fields.

Toponymic

Toponymic names, or noms de terre, are place-based names that generally reflected a noble family's lands or estates over which they had sovereignty or a person’s place of birth.

Example: de Clermont.

Patronymic

Patronymic names are based on the personal name of one's father.

Example: Haraldsen.

In the case that both patronymic and toponymic names exist, place the patronymic name first, followed by the toponymic.

Example: Remíriz d'Aragón or FitzGilbert de Clare.

Suffix

The suffix field should be used for titles. In many cases, a person will have multiple titles. For simplicity and legibility, use the titles of most importance and place other titles in the Occupation field. If a woman holds a title in suo jure, or by her own right of inheritance, please include this title in the suffix field.

Example: comte d'Urgell or Heiress of Belvoir.

Display Name

This field should be used as a more concise reiteration of the full name, often omitting redundant toponymic surnames.

Example: Ponç I, comte d'Empúries.

When the person gains his or her highest importance in a foreign kingdom, either by marriage or conquest, one might use the display name field for the person's name in a language other than their own, especially in contested regions.

Example: Robert le Guiscard, duc d'Apulie versus Roberto il Guiscardo, duca di Puglia.

In this example, Roberto il Guiscardo, duca di Puglia would also be placed in the Nickname field. This provides more opportunities for searchers to find the person by name. Occasionally, a person is commonly known by their sobriquet, or nickname. In those cases, place this name after the given name while omitting any quotes or guillemets.

Example: Richard the Lionheart, King of England.

When a name is in a dialectal or archaic form, this field may be also used to provide an alternative in a major language.

Birth Surname

In most cases, this field should be the same as the Last Name field, since, as mentioned above, women did not take the name of their husband in this period. Alternatively, it may be used to provide an alternate to or significant variation of the surname for both men and women if one feels it warranted.

Also Known As

All name variants and additional nicknames should be placed in the Also Known As field. Please note that this field is searched and displayed in Geni search results.

List of kingdoms

Please note that the dates span the existence of kingdom itself and not the duration of the Middle Ages in the region.

British Isles and Ireland

France

  • Kingdom of Arles (933–1378)
  • Kingdom of Armorica
  • Kingdom of the Burgundians (4th c.-534)
  • Kingdom of the Franks (486-840)
    • Kingdom of Middle Francia (817-855)
      • Kingdom of Lotharingia (855-869)
    • Kingdom of Orleans (511-524)
      • Kingdom of Burgundy (561-613)
        • Kingdom of Austrasia and Burgundy (613-613)
    • Kingdom of Soissons (511-558)
      • Kingdom of Austrasia (561-718)
      • Kingdom of Neustria (561-613)
        • Kingdom of Aquitaine (629-632)
        • Kingdom of Neustria and Burgundy (634-720)
    • Kingdom of Paris (511-567)
    • Kingdom of Reims (511-555)
    • Kingdom of West Francia (843–987)
      • Kingdom of France (987-1791)

Germany

  • Alamannia
  • Kingdom of the Franks (486-511)
  • Kingdom of the Saxons
  • Kingdom of the Vandals
  • Kingdom of Wenden

Iberian Peninsula

  • Kingdom of the Visigoths (418–721)
    • Kingdom of Aragon (1035 -1516)
      • Kingdom of Valencia (1238–1707)
      • Kingdom of Majorca (1231-1344)
    • Kingdom of Asturias (718-910)
    • Kingdom of Castile (1035-1516)
    • Kingdom of Leon (910-1230)
      • Kingdom of Toledo (1085-1469)
  • Suebic Kingdom of Galicia (410-585)
    • Kingdom of Galicia (910 -1157)
      • Kingdom of Portugal (1139-1815)

Italian Peninsula

  • Kingdom of Italy (476–493)
  • Kingdom of the Lombards (568-774)
    • Kingdom of Candia (1205–1669)
  • Kingdom of Sicily (1130–1816)
    • Kingdom of Naples (1282–1816)
  • Vandals
    • Kingdom of the Ostrogoths (493-553)

Netherlands

  • Kingdom of Frisia (600-734)

Scandinavia

Also see

External links