Colonel Ebenezer Zane

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Colonel Ebenezer Zane

Birthplace: Moorefield, Hardy County, Virginia, now, West Virginia, Colonial America
Death: November 19, 1811 (64)
Wheeling, Ohio County, Virginia, now, West Virginia, United States
Place of Burial: Martin's Ferry, Belmont County, Ohio, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of William Zane and Anna Nolan
Husband of Elizabeth Zane
Father of Gretchen Robinson; Catherine Martin; Mary Ann Burkett; Sarah M. 'Sally' Young; Rebecca Clarke and 9 others
Brother of Simeon Zane; Capt. Silas Zane; William Andrew Zane, Sr.; Isaac Zane, Sr.; Elizabeth Clark McLaughlin and 1 other

Occupation: American pioneer, road builder and land speculator
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Colonel Ebenezer Zane

DAR Ancestor #: A130539

Ebenezer Zane (October 7, 1747 – 1811) was an American pioneer, road builder and land speculator. Born in what is now Moorefield, West Virginia (which was then in the colony of Virginia), Zane established the settlement known as Fort Henry in Wheeling, Virginia (present-day West Virginia) on the Ohio River. Zane is also famous for blazing the trail known as Zane's Trace. (more ...)

Ebenezer, William's second son, was born on October 7, 1747 ... In 1768, Ebenezer married Elizabeth McColloch. She and her four brothers, who were also adept woodsmen, were reputed to be half-Indian and instilled in the young Zane a lifelong belief that he carried Indian blood. A year later, following the birth of the first of the couple's twelve children and ratification of a treaty that opened southeastern Ohio to settlement, Ebenezer, Silas, and Jonathan explored and claimed two miles of property on each side of the Ohio River near Wheeling, West Virginia. In 1770, Ebenezer brought his family to Wheeling, and he participated in the construction of Fort Fincastle there in 1774. During the Revolutionary War, he led a successful defense of the fort, renamed Fort Henry, against several British and Indian attacks. A final assault on September 12, 1782, exhausted the defenders' stock of gunpowder, and Betty Zane saved the day by running a gauntlet of gunfire and returning with a new supply. (writer Zane) Grey's first three novels would memorialize the heroism of these distant relatives. (more ...)

12. COL COL. EBENEZER6 ZANE (WILLIAM ANDREW5, NATHANIEL4, ROBERT3, ROBERT SR.2, SIMON1) was born 07 October 1747 in Moorefield, Virginia, and died 19 November 1811 in Wheeling VA/WVA. He married ELIZABETH MCCULLOCH 1767 in Hardy Co, Virginia, daughter of JOHN MCCULLOCH and SARAH INNSKEEP. She was born 1748 in Marlton, Gloucester Co, NJ, and died 1814.


From Marshall County WVA Web Page:

With his brothers, in 1769, laid claim to the area that is now Wheeling West Virginia. He directed the construction of Fort Henry, defended it at the first siege, 9/1/1777. Was a Delegate to the 1788 Virginia Assembly and served as Colonel of the Virginia troops.

Sources for death date of Ebenezer Zane:page 20 "Early West Virginia Wills, Vol. 1, compiled by K.H.T. McFarland,will recorded Dec. Term 1811.

page 1710 from "'Z' Surnames--Miscellaneous Index to the County Court Order Books Part 7, Ohio, County, WV, compiled by Kenneth Fischer Craft, Jr, 2001, states that Ebenezer Zane's Executor and apppraisers were appted 1811, volume 13, page 11.

page 1967 from the "Index to Ohio Co. Court's Case Files/Loose Papers" , part 1, compiled by Kenneth Fischer Craft, Jr., 2001, shows card #3720, Env #141C-10, County Court, year 1811, "ZANE,Ebenezer", WILL.

From Notes of Jeff Hawkins:

The three Zane brothers, Ebenezer, Silas, and Jonathan, made the first settlement in the Wheeling area in 1769.

Ebenezer Zane laid out the town of Wheeling in 1793. The name Wheeling was taken from the Indian word "weeling", meaning place of the skull. The earliest Europeans in the neighborhood were said to have been killed and their skulls placed on poles in the area to warn away other invaders. The historic Zane's Trace, built by Ebenezer Zane and opened in 1797, extended from Wheeling, WV through present day Zanesville OH (named in his honor) to Maysville KY, which was then the northern end of the road to New Orleans. By 1810, one fourth of the population of the state was said to live in the counties along this road.

More About COL. EBENEZER ZANE:Military service: Colonel, U.S. Army


  • i. GRETCHEN7 ZANE, b. 1768. 17.
  • ii. CATHERINE ZANE, b. 27 June 1769, Wheeling VA/WVA.
  • iii. MARY ANN ZANE, b. 27 May 1771, Wheeling VA/WVA; m. JACOB BURKETT, 1803.
  • iv. SARAH ZANE, b. 23 February 1773, Wheeling VA/WVA; m. (1) DAVID YOUNG, Bef. 1789; m. (2) JOHN MCINTIRE, 1790.
  • 18. v. REBECCA ZANE, b. 1776.
  • 19. vi. NOAH EBENEZER ZANE, b. 23 October 1778, Wheeling VA/WVA; d. 02 June 1833, Wheeling VA/WVA.
  • vii. JOHN ZANE, b. 30 April 1780, Wheeling VA/WVA; d. 19 November 1805, Wheeling VA/WVA.
  • 20. viii. SAMUEL ZANE, b. 26 February 1784.
  • 21. ix. HETTY ZANE, b. 06 October 1786.
  • x. JESSE ZANE, b. 1790, Wheeling VA/WVA; d. 1790, Wheeling VA/WVA.
  • xi. DANIEL ZANE, b. 03 June 1792, Wheeling VA/WVA; d. 22 January 1868, Wheeling VA/WVA.


Ebenezer Zane began his military career under British rule. He served as a disbursing officer under Lord Dunmore. Ebenezer later became a colonel in the Virginia colonial militia. Fought in Revolutionary War. First Permanent Settlers of Zanesville, OH. With Brothers, founded Fort Henry In 1788, he served as a western delegate to the Virginia Ratifying Convention and voted in favor of ratification of the United States Constitution.


I may have missed something but I didn't see Eugene Zane on the list of children for Co. Ebenezer Zane.

Below is a complete list, from the Poll-Book of Wheeling, of those who voted the secession ticket, May, 1861:

John Hunter, formerly of Steubenville, Ohio. Nicholas Crowley, grocer, Market Square. J. W. Mitchell, lawyer. George Wheeler, clerk under John McColloch, of County Court.

*Eugene Zane, son of Ebenezer Zane, deceased.

R. A. Stransberg, son of Job Stransberg. John H. Towers, clerk, with Thomas Hughes. Aaron Kelly, nail factory, Benwood. John Knote, saddler, Main street.

*Edmund P. Zane, lawyer.

Aber Keyes, clerk, with Thomas Hughes. BDr. Alfred Hughes, brother of Thomas Hughes. Coorod Goldsborough. A. F. Hullilren, dentist. T. E. Askew, confectioner. James M. Bulger, coffee house. Thomas Hughes, clothing house. Charles W. Seabright, clerk, with Thomas Hughes. BRodolph Over. William Wharton. VMichael Riley, grocer and liquors, Market and Monroe streets. VJ. B. Riley, clerk, with Michael Riley. John W. Orr, shoemaker, from Washington, Pennsylvania. J. Updegraft, steamboat man. VJohn Freeze, steamboat captain. J. L. Fannce, from Smithfield, Ohio. John L. Maxwell, clerk. Ira Sanger, a New Yorker. Ebenezer McCoy, botanic doctor. BWalter G. Scott, carpenter. William Miller, foundry, near creek bridge. Robert Ibertson, grocer, corner Market and Union streets. John Bulger, saddler. W. H. Miller, foundry, creek bridge. John Webb. John Goudy, Sr., carpenter. James Sweeney, Sr., brick maker. Joseph Caldwell. William C. Phillips. Philip W. Moore. editor Union. Tom Strain. Jerome Pool, coffee house, Washington Hall. J. H. McNash, formerly of Bosley & McNash. Thomas M. Riley (Michael Riley's son). Phil. Riley (Michael Riley's son). LJohn L. Bonham, firm of Matthews & Bonham. James Hanlin, South Wheeling. Dr. James W. Clemens. Miles Riley, drayman. Andrew White, clerk, North Western Bank. Peter Letcher, Catholic book seller, Washington Hall. Henry Dunlap. Henry Moore, from Washington, Pennsylvania. George Henry, cigar maker. Job Stansberg, sexton East Wheeling graveyard. Andy A. Gillespie. A. M. Phillips, Jr. Harrison Saylards. Thos. J. Gardner, lumber merchant, North Wheeling. H. W. Phillips, machinist and foundry, North Wheeling. C. W. McKinstry. A. M. Phillips, Sr. A. J. Pannel, lumber merchant, near Custom House. W. G. Goshorn. Alex. Pannel, carpenter. Daniel Steenrod, Esq. Hon. Lewis Steenrod. William P. Wilson, boat builder, firm of Wilson & Dunbar. John W. Betz. William Stewart, foundry.vMaddis Ruse. Dan Dunbar, engineer. William McCoy, cashier of Savings Institute.

*Daniel Zane (Island.)

John L. Fry, son of Hon. J. L. Fry. D. J. Does. Peter Francis. S. D. Woodrow. William Switzer. William Purcell. William Otterson, railroad stone mason

History of Wheeling City & Ohio Co. West Virginia


  1. Pioneer Period and Pioneer People of Fairfield County, Ohio. By Charles Milton Lewis Wiseman. pp 10-14. "He was a frontiersman of rare ability ..."


Edmund West, comp. Family Data Collection - Individual Records Operations Inc @R-1668579344@ 1,4725::0 Birth year: 1747; Birth city: Moorefield; Birth state: WV 1,4725::2880026


Edmund West, comp. Family Data Collection - Individual Records Operations Inc @R-1668579344@ 1,4725::0 Birth year: 1747; Birth city: Moorefield; Birth state: WV 1,4725::2880026


Edmund West, comp. Family Data Collection - Individual Records Operations Inc @R-1668579344@ 1,4725::0 Birth year: 1747; Birth city: Moorefield; Birth state: WV 1,4725::2880026

GEDCOM Source Ohio, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1790-1890 Operations Inc @R-1668579344@ 1,3567::0 1,3567::25451996


Ancestry Family Trees Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members. @R-1668579344@ Ancestry Family Tree

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Colonel Ebenezer Zane's Timeline

October 7, 1747
Moorefield, Hardy County, Virginia, now, West Virginia, Colonial America
May 10, 1768
Wheeling, Ohio, W(VA)
June 17, 1769
Wheeling, West Virginia (VA), United States
May 27, 1771
Wheeling, Virginia, United States
February 23, 1773
West Augusta, Virginia
Ohio, West Virginia, United States
October 1, 1774
Wheeling, Ohio, West Virginia, United States
October 10, 1776
Wheeling, Ohio County, (W)VA, United States
October 23, 1778
Wheeling, Virginia, United States