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Anne Arundel County, Maryland

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Profiles

  • Thomas Ijams, of "Bridge Hill" (1708 - 1768)
    He apparently married late, or had no surviving children by an unknown first wife, because all of his children were born circa the 1750s. === GEDCOM Note ===1790 Anne Arundel Co., MD census index: 12 8...
  • Elizabeth Dorsey Hobbs (1725 - 1784)
  • Col. John Hammond (c.1668 - 1742)
  • Maj. Charles Hammond (c.1670 - 1713)
    Excerpted from Anne Arundel Gentry, by Harry Wright Newman: Charles Hammond, son of Major General John Hammond and his wife, was born at "Mountain Neck" on the Severn. Inasmuch as his marriage occ...
  • Larkin Chew (1675 - 1728)
    Burial record: was Justice of the county in 1722, Sheriff in 1727/1728, and a member of the House of Burgesses in 1723 and 1726.Larkin married Hannah ROY, daughter of John Richard ROY and Dorothy BUCKN...

This is a sub project of Maryland counties, cities and towns

Please add profiles of those who were born, lived or died in Anne Arundel County, Maryland.

Official Website

History

The County was named for Lady Anne Arundell, the daughter of Thomas Arundell, 1st Baron Arundell of Wardour, members of the ancient family of Arundells in Cornwall, England. She married Cecilius Calvert, second Lord Baltimore, and the first Lord Proprietor of the colony, Province of Maryland, in an arranged marriage contract in 1627 or 1628.

Anne Arundel County (modern spelling adds an 'e' to her first name of "Ann" and removes the second 'L' from the family name of "Arundell" – but the old traditional spelling of her name is still used in the title of the local historical society, the Ann Arundell County Historical Society) was originally part of St. Mary's County, the province's first erected county in the southern portion of the Province of Maryland which had first been settled by the arriving settlers in 1634. In 1650, the year after Lady Anne Arundell's death, the County separated from St. Mary's and "erected" into its own jurisdiction and became the 3rd of the 23 Maryland counties. It was composed of the hundreds of Town Neck, Middle Neck, Broad Neck, South River, West River and Herring Creek. Between 1654 and 1658, the County was known as "Providence" by many of its early settlers.

On March 25, 1655, during the English Civil War, (1642-1651), in Europe, the Battle of the Severn, the first naval colonial battle ever fought in America was fought in Anne Arundel County on the Severn River between Puritan forces supporting the Commonwealth of England and forces loyal to the Lord Proprietor, Cecilius Calvert. The Commonwealth forces under William Fuller were victorious.

In 1692, the Church of England, also known as the Anglican Church, became the established church of the Province of Maryland through an Act of the General Assembly. Ten counties had been established in the colony, and those counties were divided into 30 parishes, with vestrymen appointed within each. Ann Arrundell County was divided into four parishes: Herring Creek, South River, Middle Neck and Broad Neck.

Between 1694 and 1695, the provincial capital of Maryland was moved from St. Mary's City along the northern shore of the Potomac River across from the southern colonial border with the Province of Virginia in St. Mary's County farther north along the western shore of the Chesapeake Bay, midway in the colony to Annapolis in Anne Arundel County.

During the American Revolutionary War, citizens of Anne Arundel County supported the Continental Army by providing troops for three regiments. The 3rd Maryland Regiment, the 4th Maryland Regiment, and the 6th Maryland Regiment were recruited in the county.

During the War of 1812, the one of the original six heavy frigates of the recently reestablished United States Navy, "U.S.S. Constitution" sailed from Annapolis prior to its victorious engagement with the "H.M.S. Guerriere" of the
British Royal Navy.

On May 22, 1830, the inaugural horse-drawn train of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad traveled the 13 miles of the newly completed track from Mount Clare Station in southwestern Baltimore City to Ellicott Mills, then in the Western or Howard District of Ann Arundel County. This was the first regular railroad passenger service in the United States. In 1831, land west of the railroad was considered the Howard District of Ann Arundel County. In 1851, The Howard District was broken off to form Howard County, now the 21st county in Maryland.

Colonial Ancestors of Anne Arundel, MD

Adjacent Counties

Links

Wikipedia

Anne Arundel County Genealogical Society

Genealogy Trails

MD GenWeb

RootsWeb



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