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Criminals, Outlaws and Bandits of the Philippines

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  • CNN Philippines
    Jonel Nuezca (1974 - 2021)
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  • Rommel Cariño Padilla
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  • Jose Antonio Casals Leviste
    José Antonio "Tony" C. Leviste is a Filipino politician, who served as Governor of Batangas from 1972 to 1980. Resources * "Antonio Leviste." Wikipedia, 2018. . Date accesed: 10 Jan 2019.* Esguerra, Co...
  • Cesar Sayoc
    Cesar Altieri Sayoc was accused of sending pipe bombs to critics of Donald Trump in 2018. Resources * "U.S. Mail Bombing Suspect Cesar Sayoc Claims Filipino Ancestry." Rappler, 2018. . Date accessed: 1...
  • Joseph Estrada
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Love 'em or loathe 'em, the "bad boys" and "naughty girls" of history have kept generations fascinated!

This sub-project aims to organize genealogical data on notable personalities with Filipino ancestry, convicted of criminal acts or bandits pursued by the law. Find more at the master project page, Families of the Philippines.

Image: Macario Sakay (third from left, front row) was declared President of the Tagalog Republic -- one of two movements which fought the Spanish and the Americans. Sakay was photographed with his Cabinet: (first row, L-R) Julián Montalan, Francisco Carreon, Sakay, Lucio de Vega (second row, L-R) León Villafuerte, Benito Natividad.

International Profiles

  • Sarah Balabagan-Sereno - imprisoned in the United Arab Emirates from 1994–1996 for murder. She was initially sentenced to death, but was later returned to the Philippines.
  • Flor Contemplacion - executed in Singapore for murder. Her execution caused strain in Singapore-Philippines diplomatic relations.
  • Marvin “Shyboy” Mercado - serving eight life sentences without parole in the United States for killing eight people and attempting to kill another ten in 1995 in Los Angeles, a crime spree that authorities dubbed as the “summer of madness.”
  • Carmen Maria B. Mory - convicted of war crimes in 1947 and sentenced to death by hanging. She committed suicide in her cell.
  • Cesar Sayoc - accused of sending pipe bombs to critics of Donald Trump in 2018.

Local Profiles

Banditry During the Philippine American War between 1903-1907, the Brigandage Act of Nov. 12, 1902 interpreted all acts of armed resistance to American rule as banditry. These men were called "bandoleros".

Drug Possession

Estafa (Spanish for Fraud)

Homicide / Murder

  • Bernardo “Narding” Anzures - convicted of the murder of film actress Lilian Velez and her maid in 1948. He died in prison from tuberculosis.
  • Grepor “Butch” Belgica - convicted as an adult, at 16 years old, for murder and pardoned in 1976. He is now a born-again Christian pastor.
  • Danilo "Danny" Guades - accused of multiple murders after hacking to death 10 people with a bolo and injured 17 more in 2007.
  • Jose Antonio Casals Leviste - convicted of homicide for the death of Rafael de las Alas. He was paroled in 2013.
  • Jonel Nuezca - convicted for the murder of mother and son in 2020.
  • Hubert Webb - acquitted in 2010

Illegal Possession of Firearms



  • Emilio Changco - ceased commercial vessels in Philippine waters during the 1980s and the early 1990s.



  • Leo Echegaray - convicted of raping his 10-year-old daughter. He was the first Filipino given the death penalty after its reinstatement in the Philippines in 1993, some 23 years after the last judicial execution was carried out.


  • Aurelio Alvero - convicted of collaboration with the Japanese Imperial Army in 1945. He was in prison in 1945–47 and 1950–52.


  • Marcial "Baby" Ama - - convicted of theft of money, supposedly to help fund a friend’s schooling. He later became a hitman in jail, as the leader of the Sige-Sige Gang. He later conducted the largest and deadliest jail riot, resulting in 9 deaths. He was executed via electric chair in 1961.
  • Jessie Javier Carlos - perpetrator of the 2017 Resorts World Manila attack, later committed suicide by self-immolation and gunshot
  • Alvin Flores - implicated in dozens of high-profile killings and robberies, the most infamous being a brazen daylight raid on a Rolex store in Makati’s Greenbelt 5 in 2009. He died in October 2009 after a shootout with NBI agents in Cebu.
  • Benjamin Garcia - engaged in drug-dealing, robberies, and carnapping. He was called "Ben Tumbling" due to his acrobatic skills as a former stuntman. He was killed by police in 1981.
  • Francisco Juan "Paco" Larrañaga - was convicted of the kidnapping, rape and murder of sisters Marijoy and Jacqueline Chiong. He was executed by lethal injection in 2004.
  • Leonardo “Nardong Putik” Manecio - involved in murder, abductions, robberies and illegal possession of firearms. His biggest claim to infamy was his role in Cavite’s Maragondon Massacre in 1952, which resulted in the mayor and the police chief. He escaped jail three times. He died 1971, after a highway shootout with NBI agents.
  • Rolando del Rosario Mendoza - perpetrator of the Manila hostage crisis, later killed by police in 2010.
  • Octavio “Ongkoy” Parojinog Sr. - was the first leader of the Kuratong Baleleng when it was organized by the Philippine military to stifle communist expansion in Western Mindanao. Parojinog also used the group to further his criminal activities such as robbery, kidnapping, and extortion.
  • Antonio Leyza Sanchez - convicted of rape and murders of Eileen Sarmenta and her friend, Allan Gomez, both students from the University of the Philippines Los Baños in 1993, as well as the murders of father-and-son Nelson and Ricky Peñalosa in 1991.
  • Jaybee Sebastian - sentenced to two life imprisonment for two counts of kidnapping plus 17 years and four months to 20 years for carjacking imprisonment, died in 2020 due to COVID-19


  • "9 Extremely Notorious Pinoy Gangsters." FilipiKnow, 2016. Date accesed: 10 Jan 2019.
  • Takahata, Sachi. "The Crime Story of a Filipino who committed murder in Japan". Philippine Sociological Society, 1995. Date accessed: 10 January 2019.

How to Contribute

  1. Please click the "Join Project" button on the upper right of the project page.
  2. After getting yourself added as a collaborator, select the profile you wish to add.
  3. Navigate to the profile. Under the "More Actions" link, choose "Add to Project" and select sub-project to which your ancestor should be included in.
  4. Include in the "About Me" section a brief biographical sketch, summarizing the person's significant contributions and accomplishments. (Required)
  5. Include a photograph, if one exists.
  6. Mark the profile as "public" and not "private". (Required)