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Group of Seven Artists

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  • Emily Carr (1871 - 1945)
    Emily Carr (1871 - 1945) was an artist and is known as a Canadian icon. Her modernist, post-impressionist painting style was new to Canadian art. Carr was heavily influenced by the indigenous peoples o...
  • Tom Thompson (1877 - 1917)
    Thomas John "Tom" Thompson (1877 - 1917) was a Canadian painter famous for his landscape paintings. He was an inspiration for the Group of Seven . Much has been written about Thompson's life and his de...
  • Lionel Lemoine Fitzgerald (1890 - 1956)
    LeMoine Fitzgerald (1890 - 1956) was a member of the Group of Seven Canadian landscape painters. He joined the Group in 1932. Fitzgerald was the only Group member to be based in Western Canada. He taug...
  • Edwin Headley Holgate (1892 - 1977)
    Edwin Headley Holgate (1892 - 1977) was a Canadian artist, painter and engraver who became a member of the Group of Seven artists in 1930 and was known as the "eighth member" of the Group. He was activ...
  • A.J. Casson (1898 - 1992)
    Alfred Joseph "A.Y." Casson (1898 - 1992) was a member of the Group of Seven Canadian landscape artists. He was invited to join the Group in 1926, after the resignation in 1921 of Frank Johnston . Cass...

The Group of Seven was an organization of Canadian landscape painters from 1920 to 1933. The members were drawn together by a common sense of frustration with the conservative quality of most Canadian art at that time. They shifted the emphasis from similitude, the imitation of natural effects, toward the expression of their feelings for their subjects. Their paintings developed along similar lines, because they often painted together in the studio. Their early paintings include bright colors and bold summarization with extensive surface patterning.

The group received funding and support primarily from Lawren Harris, who was heir to the Massey-Harris farm machinery fortune, and Dr. James McCallum.

Group of Seven original members include

Members invited later

Two artists commonly associated with the group, but not official members

For more information, please read