The Group of Seven was an organization of Canadian landscape painters from 1920 to 1933. The members were drawn together by a common sense of frustration with the conservative quality of most Canadian art at that time. They shifted the emphasis from similitude, the imitation of natural effects, toward the expression of their feelings for their subjects. Their paintings developed along similar lines, because they often painted together in the studio. Their early paintings include bright colors and bold summarization with extensive surface patterning.
The group received funding and support primarily from Lawren Harris, who was heir to the Massey-Harris farm machinery fortune, and Dr. James McCallum.
Group of Seven original members include
- Franklin Carmichael
- Lawren Harris
- A.Y. Jackson
- Frank Johnston
- Arthur Lismer
- J.E.H. MacDonald
- Frederick Varley
Members invited later
Two artists commonly associated with the group, but not official members
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