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Iraqi Jewish Genealogy Portal

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  • Prof. Avraham Mani (deceased)
  • Eli Shachar (1942 - 2004)
  • Binyamin Fuad Ben-Eliezer (1936 - 2016)
    Binyamin Ben-Eliezer From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Date of birth 12 February 1936 (age 80) Place of birth Basra, Kingdom of Iraq Year of aliyah 1950 Knessets 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16,...
  • Sammy Smooha
    סמי סמוכה באתר מקבלי פרס ישראל תשס"ח Sammy Smooha (born 1941) is a Professor of Sociology at the University of Haifa and recipient of the Israel Prize. He specializes in comparative ethnic relations, a...

History of the Jews in Iraq Wikipedia

The history of the Jews in Iraq (Hebrew: יְהוּדִים בָּבְלִים‬, Babylonian Jews, Yehudim Bavlim, Arabic: اليهود العراقيون‎ al-Yahūd al-ʿIrāqiyyūn), is documented from the time of the Babylonian captivity c. 586 BC. Iraqi Jews constitute one of the world's oldest and most historically significant Jewish communities.

The Jewish community of Babylon included Ezra the scribe, whose return to Judea in the late 6th century BC is associated with significant changes in Jewish ritual observance and the rebuilding of the Temple in Jerusalem. The Talmud was compiled in Babylonia, identified with modern Iraq.

From the Babylonian period to the rise of the Islamic caliphate, the Jewish community of Babylon thrived as the center of Jewish learning. The Mongol invasion and Islamic discrimination in the Middle Ages led to its decline. Under the Ottoman Empire, the Jews of Iraq fared better. The community established modern schools in the second half of the 19th century.

In the 20th century, Iraqi Jews played an important role in the early days of Iraq's independence. Between 1950–52, 120,000–130,000 of the Iraqi Jewish community (around 75%) reached Israel in Operation Ezra and Nehemiah.

Main Cities

  • Basra
  • Baghdad
  • Erbil
  • Amarah

Iraqi Jewish Notables

Community leaders in Iraq

Israel Prize recipients


Public Personality


  • Mordecai Moreh מרדכי מורה


  • Daud Al-Kuwaity & Saleh Al-Kuwaity דאוד וסלאח אל כוויתי
  • Sasson Abdu ששון עבדו
  • Yosef Zaarur יוסף זערור
  • Alber Elias אלבר אליאס
  • Salima Murad סלימה מוראד
  • Filfel Gourgy פילפל גורג'י
  • Elias Shasha אליאס שאשא
  • Yosef Shem-Tov יוסף שם טוב
  • Avraham Salman אברהם סלמאן
  • Salim Al’nur סלים אל נור - שלמה זיו-לי


  • Sami Michael סמי מיכאל
  • Eli Amir אלי עמיר
  • Samir Nakash סמיר נקאש
  • Prof. Shimon Ballas פרופ' שמעון בלס


  • Ezra Naji Zilkha, 60, of Basrah
  • Charles Raphael Horesh, 45, of Baghdad
  • Fouad Gabbay, 35, of Basrah
  • Yeheskel Gourji Namerdi, 32, of Basrah
  • Sabah Haim Dayan, 25, of Basrah
  • Daaud Ghali, 21, of Basrah
  • Naim Khedouri Helali, 21, of Basrah
  • Heskel Saleh Heskel, 20, of Basrah
  • Daoud Heskel Barukh Dellal, 20, of Basrah

Mani Family

Sassoon Family