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Jewish Families from Hranice (Weisskirchen), Moravia, Czech Republic

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  • Abraham Trischet (c.1753 - 1827)
    [MCP] A historian (Hugo Gold) identifies Abraham Trischet as the father of Nathan Feitel Reinitz . Abraham Trischet was the head rabbi in Hranice from 1812 through his death in 1827. At some point befo...
  • Dawid Morgenstern (1848 - d.)
  • Anna Adler (deceased)
  • Adolf Adler (deceased)
  • Eduard Adler (1880 - d.)
    Marriage record: MOST 1305 O 1920-1949 (7/50)

This project seeks to list representatives of all of the Jewish families from the Moravian town of Hranice (Weisskirchen) in the Czech Republic.

HRANICE (Ger. Maehrisch-Weisskirchen; Heb. רייניץ, הרייניץ), town in Moravia, Czech Republic. According to tradition Jews settled there between 1475 and 1553, but the first documentary mention dates from 1644. Among the Jewish settlers were refugees from the *Chmielnicki massacres (1648) and cattle dealers who passed through the town on their way to the Moravian markets. The number of Jewish families permitted to reside in the town by the *Familiants Law was 120; 115 families lived there in 1753. From 659 persons in 1830, the community grew to 802 in 1857, but then declined to 582 in 1869, 522 in 1880, and 462 in 1900. The greater number of Jews lived in the Christian part of the town. After 1848 the Jewish community was constituted as one of the *politische Gemeinden. In 1930 the community numbered 192 persons (1.8% of the total population). Those still remaining in 1942 were deported to Nazi extermination camps. Fourteen Jews returned to the town after World War II. A religious congregation was revived but did not remain active. Its prayer room was in use until 1969. Synagogue appurtenances were sent to the Central Jewish Museum in Prague. The synagogue, built in 1863–64, served from 1943 as the municipal museum. Julius Freud, the brother of Sigmund Freud, is buried in the local cemetery. Natives of Hranice included the German apostate writer, J.J. David; the Jewish scholar, Isaac Hirsch *Weiss; the editor of the Jewish Encyclopedia, Isidore *Singer; and the advocate of Reform, Aaron *Chorin. The community gave its name to the Reinitz families.

Rabbies in Hranice:

  • 1770 (and earlier?) Josef ben Menachem Mendel, originally from Lipník nad Bečvou
  • 1780 (and earlier?) Israel, son of David (his children used the surname Deutsch)
  • 1790 (and earlier?) substitute rabbi Jacob Toff, formerly rabbi in Bystřice pod Hostýnem
  • 1792 (and earlier?) Moses Aron Deutsch (1752-1799), originally from Mikulov
  • 1812-1827 Abraham Trischet (1753-1827), originally from Třešt
  • 1827-1833 substitute rabbi Markus Trischet, son of Abraham Trieschet and later rabbi in Dolní Kounice
  • 1833-1840 Abraham Placzek (1799-1884), originally from Přerov, later rabbi in Boskovice
  • 1840-1857 Isaias Reiniger (1783-1857), originally from Strážnice, formerly rabbi in Kojetín
  • 1859-1867 Markus Pollak (1830-1895), originally from Cologne and later worked in Vienna
  • 1867-1887 Dr. Moriz Deutsch, formerly rabbi in Pilsen and later worked in Vienna
  • 1887-1892 administrator of the rabbinate Herrman Reiniger (†1897)
  • 1892-1894 Dr. Adolf Leimdörfer, formerly rabbi in Česká Lípa and later worked in Těšín
  • 1894-1935 Dr. Jakob Rabbinowicz

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

Rabbinowicz-Wachstein, in: H. Gold (ed.), Juden und Judengemeinden Maehrens (1929), 381–5; I.H. Weiss, Zikhronotai (1895), 13–18 and passim.

http://www.historie.hranet.cz/pdf/zide2007.pdf

Familianten lists in Hranice are attached in the Photos and Documents section.

In 1805, the Familianten list in Hranice included the following people:

  1. Joseph Orlich
  2. Jakob Isak Tof
  3. Jonas Tauber
  4. Salomon Spitzer
  5. Jakob Moises Bruk
  6. Philip Bek
  7. Pinkus Bichler
  8. Abraham Seigel
  9. Moises Neuman
  10. Michael _____
  11. Isak Lichtenstern
  12. Isak Hürsch
  13. Bernard Adler
  14. Raphael Hürsch
  15. Jakob Israel Wolf
  16. Jakob Bruk
  17. Benjamin W Adler
  18. David Stross
  19. Markus Feigel
  20. Jakob Deutsch
  21. Israel Winter
  22. Simon Vogel
  23. Bernard Sontag
  24. Jakob Lechnowsky
  25. Abraham Widder
  26. Raphael Schindler
  27. Jakob Singer
  28. Moises Grossman
  29. Zachrias Knopf
  30. Valetin Bruk
  31. Joseph Kulka
  32. Nehemias Belak
  33. Michael Polak
  34. Isak Sakel?
  35. Markus Low
  36. Salomon Klein
  37. Salomon Fischer
  38. Israel Klein
  39. Abraham Lang
  40. Markus Adler
  41. Jakob Wetzlar?
  42. Donat Ziefer
  43. Moises Weinstein
  44. Simon Bruk
  45. Jakob Weinstein
  46. Markus Hürsch
  47. Joachim Wolf
  48. Salomon Lux?
  49. Ezechias Kafka
  50. Salomon Goldstein
  51. Joseph Neuman
  52. Joseph Hefsinger
  53. Moises Urbanek
  54. Michael Bek
  55. Jakob Fried
  56. David Bruker?
  57. David Morgenstern
  58. Abraham Morgenstern
  59. Joseph Klohs
  60. Salomon Ditel
  61. Moises Mausel
  62. Markus Fischer
  63. Benjamin Wolf
  64. Jakob Steiner
  65. Gerson Steiner
  66. Joseph Grosser
  67. Markus Berger
  68. Moises Vogel
  69. Joseph Orlich
  70. Jonas Zwillinger
  71. Isak Singer
  72. Jakob Neuman
  73. Nathan Morgenstern
  74. Lowy Wolf
  75. Jakob Lichtenstern
  76. Israel Tiller
  77. Abraham Schlesinger
  78. Samuel Fromer
  79. Philip Dittel
  80. Juda Low Mandler
  81. Elias Fried
  82. Matis Lang
  83. Markus Braschmann
  84. Joseph Ziefer
  85. Isaias Ziefer
  86. Jakob Stross
  87. Benjamin Schonbek
  88. Moises Rintel
  89. Abraham Reich
  90. Samuel Auerhahn
  91. Joseph Sontag
  92. Samuel Sobek
  93. Markus Somer?
  94. Isaias Jakob Donat
  95. Moises Zwilling
  96. Jakob Hürsch
  97. Isak Hürsch
  98. Valletin Schlesinger
  99. Jonas Czech
  100. Isaias Stangel
  101. Isaias Low
  102. Isak Hasz
  103. Jochim Knopflmacher
  104. Isak Baron
  105. Jochim Hürsch
  106. David S. Deutsch
  107. Samuel Lam
  108. Isak Meitner
  109. Salomon Perl
  110. Isak Siebenschein
  111. Jakob Widder
  112. Abraham Lazar Schlesinger
  113. Aron Polak
  114. David Knopflmacher
  115. Abraham Vogel
  116. Jonas Tof
  117. Jakob Stern
  118. Abraham Singer
  119. Markus Tof
  120. Noa Alter