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Jewish Families from Prague

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Profiles

  • Jakob Schepkes (1818 - 1907)
    Obituary
  • Rudolf Schneider (1886 - 1942)
    Birth record: KAMENICE NAD LIPOU (o. Pelhřimov) 746 N 1861-1923, 1925-1942 O 1862-1916, 1928-1942 Z 1862-1942 (32/279) Death record: Born 24. 07. 1886 Last residence before deportation: Prague ...
  • Kamil Schneider (1917 - 1944)
  • Rosina Wellisch (1849 - d.)
    Rosina WELLISCH, née FREUND: b. 5 Sept 1847, Prague - d. ? Details from actual IKG- marriage registration, viewable courtesy of: 1872.03.03 - Albert WELLISCH & Rosina FREUND - IKG-Prag MR: Groo...

This project seeks to reconstruct the Jewish population of Prague in the late 18th and 19th centuries. In the public tree on Geni, it is possible to link up all of the major Prague families. You can find a list of Prague Jewish surnames from Alexander Beider's work. See also the Jewish Prague FTDNA Project.

You will notice that many of the Prague surnames are rather uncommon today, but very distinctive for Prague, such as the possessive patro- and matronymics -- ones that end in -eles, like Abeles, Duschenes, Fleckeles, Jeiteles, Karpeles, Pascheles, Pereles, Schefteles, Schifferes, Sekeles, Taubeles, Wedeles, Zodekes. See below (in "Other Resources") for further discussion of Jewish names, and the 1788 law that changed many of them.

A look at the Prague 1794 census shows that these were mostly not very large families, maybe 5-10 separate families with the same last name, and so presumably closely related (siblings, cousins, uncles).

When you look at the Prague conscription database (also here) or the Census of the Prague Population you see many of the children from the 1794 census listed as adults with their families. The problem is matching them up because names are often repeated. Especially female names were quite restricted at that time, so half of the girls in 1794 seem to be named Sara, Judith or Rebeka. But even if a direct match cannot be found, it is possible on geni to enter in the families as relatives until the right link is discovered. For example, I entered in members of the Zeltmacher family. In the 1794 census there are basically three families, perhaps brothers, Juda, Dawid and Moises. Both Dawid and Moises have boys named Joachim. In the Prague conscription database we find the two Joachims, born 1776 and 1789, and can trace their families down several generations in that database. But we cannot tell which one is which. I set up hypothetical brothers of Dawid and Moises, named "?", and place these identified Joachims under them until we can tell which one goes where. That way the whole family is visible to anyone looking at the tree, even though it is not yet clear how all the pieces fit together. We know that they are pieces of the same puzzle! Once we have the Familianten records available, we will be able to sort this out and correct the tree.

Birth, death and marriage records for Prague are available at http://www.badatelna.eu/fond/1073/ and http://www.badatelna.eu/fond/241/. Go to Getting Started With Czech-Jewish Genealogy for instructions on how to navigate the site. Marriages from 1717-1814 are at http://www.badatelna.eu/fond/291/inventar/

Search the JewishGen Austria-Czech SIG for Prague marriages and cemetery records.

Books recording the names of Familianten in Bohemia, and some for Moravia, are also now available from Badatelna/Fond/2098. Familianten were the first-born sons who were permitted to marry and have children under the limits on "tolerated" Jewish families in Bohemia and Moravia, set out in the 1726 Familiant Law. An index of the Prague Familianten is on GenTeam.

Cemetery records from the Old Olsany (Wolschan) cemetery (Prague Wolschaner Friedhof) in Prague Zizkov are available in a 216-image file at https://www.dropbox.com/sh/xk88bjyeevov0xa/y7lcq4x85E. [Burial?] dates are written using Hebrew calendar without the thousands (thus using only 3 digits), called לפרט קטן‬ ("minor era"). A few also appear in Gregorian. There is a Hebrew-to-Gregorian calendar converter online.

The Jewish Theological Seminary has three death registers, whose informative images download slowly:

The Jewish Museum of Prague has a collection of notes from Simon Hock listing graves in the old cemetery of Prague. Jewish Museum of Prague -- Notes to Simon Hock's book on inscriptions from the old cemetery See the blog by Marilyn Robinson for links, or search "Jmenný rejstřík ke Starému židovskému hřbitovu v Praze" at the Jewish Museum of Prague. An attempt to start transcribing the Hock and Popper sources is at Old Prague Cemetery.

Other Resources

Regarding surnames, the Jewish name law of January 15, 1788 required that Jews take German names -- that is, names conforming to the rules of written German (see "Änderungen der Familienommen der Prager Juden im Jahre 1788" in Photos and Documents connected with this Project page). For Jews in Czech-speaking villages who had Czech family names, complying was easy: it was enough to change Votický to Wotitzky; Jelínek (the Czech form of Herschel / Hirschel) to Jelline; Polák to Pollak (Germans and German-speaking Jews used "Polack" for immigrants from Poland, not Polák / Pollak). Names such as Kohn, Israel, Salomon, Levi and its variants (but not the Czech "Lev"), met the new law's requirement whether as surnames or as first names, so did not have to be changed. Thus there was usually no reason to have to change one's family name. Regarding first names, the new law gave a list of allowed names. Those with disallowed first names had to choose a new one. For example, the first name "Herschel" was not on the "allowed" list. Typical German first names such as Hermann or Heinrich were at first disallowed, but some years later, eventually permitted. "Simche" was not allowed, but Simon or Samuel or Salamon were; "Sisel" was not allowed, but Sara or Susana were (those who had a name that they did not like also took advantage of the opportunity presented by the new Jewish name law). In contrast to Germany, Jews in the Habsburg Empire could freely choose their civil names (apart from non-permitted first names and spellings). The rule well-known from Germany -- "Der Name als Stigma / the name as a stigma" -- did not apply in the Habsburg Empire. (Thanks to H.P. Grab)

Death notices from Prager Tagblatt, online for 1877-1938, are now indexed and available from GenTeam. These notices often provide names of spouses, children and their spouses (with maiden names), siblings and their spouses (with maiden names), and grandchildren, making them a real goldmine of information.

The inventories of the Jewish population in Bohemia 1723-1811.

1729 Census of Prague Jewish Families

Die Familien Prags by Simon Hock -- listings are in Hebrew; an Introduction in German appears on Image 451 of 453 in the pdf file, and displays in reverse page-order through Image 416.

The Prague City Archives has a collection of old books with records of local Jewish matters. Search for "Liber Judeorum" or "Kniha židovská bílá" in Municipal Chronicles at http://katalog.ahmp.cz/pragapublica/ (Select Municipal Chronicles near the bottom of the second column. In the upper right search "Liber Judeorum" or "Kniha židovská bílá")

For further hints on how to conduct research on Czech-Jewish ancestry, see Getting Started With Czech-Jewish Genealogy.

My hope is that we will get access to the data that will allow us to reconstruct centuries of Jewish family history in Prague. Because Prague Jews used surnames before Jews from the outlying communities, we can sometimes trace back several centuries. Using the cemetery data, census data, conscriptions, Familianten, vital records, obituaries, and Holocaust databases, it should ultimately be possible to trace 400 years of history for some families, from the time of the Maharal up to the Holocaust.

Randy Schoenberg

Subject: Post-war death declarations From: randols@bslaw.net Date: Tue, 26 Nov 2019 15:04:09 -0800 X-Message-Number: 3

The first part (A-K) of Lenka Matusikova's new database of Prague post-war death declarations is now online at https://digi.nacr.cz/prohlaseni/

Randy Schoenberg Los Angeles, CA Los Angeles, CA

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Below is a list of profiles, one per family name, from which you can enter the tree:

  1. Simon Löb Abeles
  2. Isak Abner
  3. Isak Afners (1788-1843)
  4. Joachim Altschul (1765-1837)
  5. Pesachia Apotheker
  6. Mendl Auerbach (1750)
  7. Simon Ausch (1795)
  8. Jakob Austerlitz (1774)
  9. Lazar Samuel Bacher (1779)
  10. Isak Bachrach
  11. Israel Bakofen (1796-1861)
  12. Aron Barbier (1780-1847)
  13. David Barmeles
  14. Abraham Basch (1767)
  15. Löb Bass
  16. Jacob Bassevi von Treuenberg (1570-1634)
  17. Markus Bauch (1805-1869)
  18. Josef Bauer (1797)
  19. Adam Beihilf (1808)
  20. Simon Bendiner (1787-1871)
  21. Ignaz Beständig (1785)
  22. Wolf Bidschof
  23. Markus Bindeles (1777)
  24. Samuel Bischitz
  25. Bernard Blumberger
  26. Isaac Bondi (1678-1750)
  27. Abraham Boskowitz (1766)
  28. Naphtali Brandeis (1786)
  29. Isak Breininger
  30. Löbel Bresnitz
  31. Abraham Brisker
  32. Abraham Brod (1754)
  33. Cheiem Bunim (1755)
  34. Abraham Bunzl (1775)
  35. Joachim Burger (1763)
  36. Laser Buries
  37. Joachim Busch (1756)
  38. Isaak Buth
  39. Wolf Chajes
  40. Löw Deckelmacher
  41. Elias Dewidels (1787)
  42. Abraham Doktor (1765-1855)
  43. Aron Dormitzer (1779-1845)
  44. Markus Dringeles (1772)
  45. Moses Drucker
  46. Abraham Duschenes (1759-1829)
  47. Barbara Dworeles (1766)
  48. Mathias Eckstein
  49. Markus Edeles (1774)
  50. Moses Ederer (1789-1867)
  51. Jacob Eger (1773-1852)
  52. Salomon Eidlitz (1796)
  53. Samuel Elbogen (1781)
  54. Samuel Enseles
  55. Ephraim Epstein (1773)
  56. Jakob Erlines (1790)
  57. Josef Esroger (1789)
  58. Ignatz Falkeles (1798)
  59. Löwi Fanta (1773)
  60. Nathan Felkeles (1752)
  61. David Fischel (1787-1854)
  62. Eleazar Flekeles (1754-1826)
  63. Juda Foges (1740)
  64. Moses Frankl (1784)
  65. Samson Freiberg (1798-1866)
  66. Moses Freund (1777-1849)
  67. Nathan Friedland ( - 1712)
  68. Isak Fröscheles
  69. Samuel Fürth (1618-1640)
  70. Samuel Gabriel
  71. Salman Gardeles (1750)
  72. Isak Gehengmacher (1791)
  73. Abraham Gerscheles (1765)
  74. David Gerstel (1787)
  75. Samuel Seligmann Gibianer (1781-1856)
  76. Bezalel Gitschin
  77. Jakob Goldschmied (1784)
  78. Herschman Gollerstepper
  79. Michael Goschler (1768)
  80. Gabriel Gottheim (1754-1822)
  81. Jacob Grab (1774)
  82. Simon Graetz (1783-1855)
  83. Isak Graf (1775)
  84. Löw Gröger (Greger) (1777)
  85. David Grotte (1757)
  86. Heinrich Grünfeld (1792-1865)
  87. Markus Grünhut (1781-1858)
  88. Wolf Günzburg (1771)
  89. Koppelmann Gumperles (1790)
  90. Löwi Guth (1753-1816)
  91. Juda Gutkind
  92. Samuel Habern (1751)
  93. Markus Halberstadt (1763)
  94. Abraham Hamburger
  95. Abraham Harpner
  96. Nesanel Heid
  97. Lewi Hekelmacher
  98. Selig Beer Hirsch (1767)
  99. Simon Hock (1815-1887)
  100. Moses Hönigsberg (1787)
  101. Aaron Meshulam Horowitz (1470-1545)
  102. Wolff Hoschkes
  103. Abraham Löb Hutschnürl
  104. Jonathan Hutter (1761)
  105. Selke Ippen
  106. Lazar Itzeles (1761)
  107. Markus Jacheles
  108. David Jampeles
  109. Abraham Janowitzer (1767)
  110. Samuel Jeiteles (1775)
  111. David Jenikauer (1755)
  112. Aron Jeral
  113. Lazar Jerik
  114. Simon Jerusalem (1769-1831)
  115. Lewy Jisternitz (1764)
  116. Jonathan Jitschin
  117. Joseph Joel (-1799)
  118. Isak Jochowitz
  119. Isak Jontof (1747)
  120. Isak Joss (1761)
  121. Abraham Judeles
  122. Michael Jurist (1711-1816)
  123. Franz Kafka (1883-1924)
  124. Jakob Kalmus (1760-1802)
  125. Samuel Kantor (1796)
  126. Markus Kapper (1796)
  127. Joachim Karpeles (1750-1831)
  128. Moses Kassowitz (1756)
  129. Jakob Kauders (1784)
  130. Filipp Kersch (1784)
  131. Beer Ketzeles
  132. Simon Kindeles (1776)
  133. Salomon Kisch (1734)
  134. Moses Klaber (1761)
  135. Isak Klapp (1799-1865)
  136. Baruch Klapper (1764)]
  137. Jakob Kleiderhändler
  138. Moses Klemperer (1771)
  139. Samuel Klinenberg
  140. Nathan Kneipeles (1785)
  141. Simon Knina (1775)
  142. Rafael Kohn (1768)
  143. David Kollin (1776)
  144. Izak Koppeles (1776)
  145. Eva Koref (1765)
  146. Gabriel Koschler (1766)
  147. Loeb Koten
  148. Gabriel Kremsier
  149. Löbl Küche (1775)
  150. David Kuh (1767)
  151. Löwy Kuranda (1781)
  152. Jacob Lagus (1817)
  153. Simon von Lämel (1766-1845)
  154. Josef Langendorf (1793-1866)
  155. Joachim Laserles
  156. Simon Lasch (1796)
  157. Hirsch Lazarus (1762)
  158. Joachim Lederer
  159. Michael Leitmeritz (1775)
  160. Moses Leipen (1783)
  161. Elias Libochowitz
  162. Abraham Lichtenstadt (1791)
  163. Abraham Lieben (1764)
  164. Simon Lieberles (1780-1855)
  165. Moises Lilles (1788)
  166. Moses Lion (1783)
  167. Löb Linzer
  168. Abraham Lippmann
  169. Salomon Lissa
  170. Abraham Litten (1790)
  171. Yehuda Loew "Maharal" (1512-1609)
  172. Isak Lotz (1751)
  173. Josua Lowositz (1765)
  174. Herrmann Lucka (1790)
  175. David Mameles
  176. Jakob Mandeles
  177. Hirsch Margoliot (-1740)
  178. Elias Marle
  179. Simon Matzka (1770)
  180. Löb Mechokek
  181. Jakob Meisterles (1789-1858)
  182. Herschmann Melis (1795)
  183. Moses Mendeles (1767)
  184. Abraham Mendelinkes
  185. Jacob Merores
  186. Michael Metzeles (1752)
  187. Herschmann Miecholup (1777)
  188. Simon Mirowitz (1765)
  189. Moshe Mischeles
  190. Josef Mislap (1789)
  191. Simon Moscheles (1786)
  192. Gabriel Muneles (1790)
  193. Gabriel Nachod (1776-1849)
  194. Bermann Nagelstock (1758-1853)
  195. Abraham Natscheradetz (1790)
  196. Salamon Nefeles (1768)
  197. Joseph Neuern (1758-1832)
  198. Isak Neugröschl
  199. Simon Neustadtl (1772-1836)
  200. Abraham Nevekluf (1771)
  201. Isaac Österreicher (-1829)
  202. Jakob Ofner (1792)
  203. Joachim Olber
  204. Abraham Onef (1741-1816)
  205. Aron Osers (1762)
  206. Daniel Pan (1799)
  207. Simon Parkus (1745)
  208. Gabriel Pascheles (1783)
  209. Ascher Paweles
  210. Salomon Pereles (1785)
  211. David Perlhefter (1763)
  212. Nathan Persek (1775)
  213. Joel Petschau (1766)
  214. Markus Petschirstecker
  215. Gerschon Pick (1763)
  216. Moses Pintschow
  217. Jakob Pisek (1762)
  218. Jakob Pisling (1787)
  219. Wolf Pitzker (1763)
  220. Isak Pivany
  221. Simon Plohn (1788)
  222. Rebeka Podiebrad (1782)
  223. Elias Pohl (1764-1832)
  224. Gabriel Popper (1805-1883)
  225. Simon Porges (1802)
  226. Abraham Postelberg (-1741)
  227. Gottlieb Preissler (1796)
  228. Isak Premsler
  229. Abraham Pressburg (1765)
  230. Gabriel Pressburger (1780)
  231. Moses Presseles
  232. Jakob Pressnitz
  233. Löb Priwes
  234. Moses Prokurator (1760)
  235. Joachim Prossnitz (1766)
  236. Salomon Pschotsch
  237. Aron Przibram (1781)
  238. David Radnitz (1817-1892)
  239. Simon Ramschak
  240. Salamon Raudnitz (1780)
  241. Abigail Rausnitz (1772)
  242. Wolf Reach (1803)
  243. Moses Redesch (1759)
  244. Samuel Reiniger (1788)
  245. Salomon Reiss
  246. Isaac Relines
  247. Israel Rie (1779-1826)
  248. Israel Riemer
  249. Juda Rosenberg (1783)
  250. Jakob Saar (1796)
  251. Abraham Sattler (1779)
  252. Ephraim Schablin (1771)
  253. Simon Schak (1787)
  254. Wolf Schalek (1782-1860)
  255. Salamon Schapp (1793)
  256. Hersch Scheberles
  257. Benjamin Schefteles (1757)
  258. Gabriel Schertitz
  259. Moses Schewes (1766)
  260. Jakob Schifferes
  261. Josef Schirmer
  262. Ezechiel Schlesinger
  263. Markus Schlosser (1789-1865)
  264. Markus Schmelkes (1792-1849)
  265. David Schneider (1770)
  266. David Schnürdreher (1795)
  267. David Schöpkes
  268. Juda Schorsch (1765)
  269. Elias Schreiber
  270. Moses Schüttenhofen (1761)
  271. Abraham Isak Schütz (1787-1855)
  272. Wolf Schulhof (1790)
  273. Salmen Schuster (1725)
  274. Herschmann Schwabach
  275. Emanuel Schwarz (1770)
  276. Moses Sekeles (1792)
  277. Isak Senders (1818)
  278. Wolf Similes (1794)
  279. Israel Slatkes (1796)
  280. Josef Slonitz (1786-1864)
  281. Gabriel Sobotka
  282. Salomon Spielmann (1775)
  283. Josef Stein (1796)
  284. Lazar Wolf Steinitz (1773-1859)
  285. Seligmann Stösseles (1794)
  286. Abraham Straschitz (1759)
  287. David Stummes
  288. Israel Tachau (1789-1859)
  289. Joachim Tandeles (1763)
  290. Herschmann Taubeles (1762)
  291. Isak Taussig (1777)
  292. Isack Tedesko
  293. Jakob Teller
  294. Raphael Teltsch
  295. Seligmann Teplitz (1771)
  296. Moritz Teweles (1820-1898)
  297. Jakob Thalem (1761)
  298. Jonas Thein (1765)
  299. Salamon Wolf Thias (1787)
  300. Markus Thorsch (1770-1819)
  301. Isak Todres (1798)
  302. Efraim Tomers (1763)
  303. Isak Trebitsch (1777)
  304. David Tritsch (1789)
  305. Ephraim Tschap
  306. Aaron Tultes
  307. Isak Turnau (1770)
  308. Salomon Tuschkau (1765)
  309. Enoch Unger (1778-1866)
  310. Abraham Utitz (1800-1873)
  311. Simon Wahle (1782-1847)
  312. Samuel Wallerstein (1777-1837)
  313. Jonas Wantoch
  314. Löb Warter
  315. Elias Wedeles (1775)
  316. Philipp Wehle (1770)
  317. Abraham Weil (1766)
  318. Jakob Weiseles (1803)
  319. Bermann Weltsch (1770)
  320. Abraham Wien (1768)
  321. Ephraim Wiener (1791 - 1866)
  322. Salomon Wilhartitz (1782-1852)
  323. Joseph Winternitz (1772)
  324. Salomon Wittelshöfer (1779)
  325. Jakob Wohl (1781-1864)
  326. Emanuel Worlik (1775)
  327. Wolf Zappert
  328. Moritz Zdekauer (1770-1845)
  329. Abraham Žebrak (1758)
  330. Abraham Zeckendorf (1802)
  331. Juda Zeitmacher (1761)
  332. Hirsch Zigeuner
  333. David Zlonitz
  334. Wolf Zodex (1761)
  335. Salomon Zuckermann (1778)
  336. Lazar Zweibrück (1776)