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  • Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
    Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (born 29 October 1938) is the 24th and current President of Liberia, in office since 2006. She served as Minister of Finance under President William Tolbert from 1979 until the 19...
  • Muhammad Yunus, Nobel Peace Prize, 2006
    Muhammad Yunus (Bengali: মুহাম্মদ ইউনূস; born 28 June 1940) is a Bangladeshi social entrepreneur, banker, econ...
  • Wangari Muta Maathai (Mathai) (1940 - 2011)
    Wangari Muta Maathai (1 April 1940 – 25 September 2011) was a Kenyan environmental and political activist. She was educated in the United States at Mount St. Scholastica (Benedictine College) an...
  • Xiaobo Liu, Nobel Peace Prize, 2010
    lLiu Xiaobo ] (Chinese: 刘晓波; pinyin: Liú Xiǎobō) (born 28 December 1955) is a Chinese literary critic, writer, professor, and human rights activist who called ...
  • David Baron Trimble, Nobel Peace Prize, 1998
    William David Trimble, Baron Trimble, PC (born 15 October 1944), is a British politician who was the first First Minister of Northern Ireland from 1998 to 2002, and the leader of the Ulster Unionist Pa...

Nobel Peace Prize

The Nobel Peace Prize (Norwegian and Swedish: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature. It is awarded to those who have "done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses." The Nobel Peace Prize is frequently described as the most prestigious prize among the Nobel Prizes, and indeed, as "the world's most prestigious prize".

Per Alfred Nobel's will, the recipient is selected by the Norwegian Nobel Committee, a 5-member committee appointed by the Parliament of Norway. Since 1990, the prize is awarded in Oslo City Hall on 10 December each year. The prize was formerly awarded in the Atrium of the University of Oslo Faculty of Law (1947–89), the Norwegian Nobel Institute (1905–46) and the Parliament (1901–04).

Malala Yousafzai (b. 1997, age 17) of Pakistan was the youngest Nobel laureate ever. (in 2014).

chronological

  • 2015: Awarded to the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet رباعية الحوار الوطنى التونسى for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011.
  • 2014: Awarded jointly to: Kailash Satyarthi कैलाश सत्यार्थी (b. 1954) Indian children's rights activist and to: Malala Yousafzai ملاله یوسفزۍ (b. 1997), Pakistani school pupil and education activist - the youngest person ever to win the Nobel Peace Prize, "for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education".
  • 2013: Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW-UN), "for its extensive efforts to eliminate chemical weapons".
  • 2012: European Union (EU) "for over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe".
  • 2011: Awarded jointly to: Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (b. 1938) 24th President of Liberia, to: Leymah Gbowee (b. 1972) Liberian peace activist, and to: Tawakkol Karman توكل كرمان (b. 1979) became the international public face of the 2011 Yemeni women rights and peace activist, known as Yemeni "Iron Woman" and "Mother of the Revolution", "for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights to full participation in peace-building work".
  • 2010: Liu Xiaobo, 刘晓波 (b. 1955) Chinese literary critic, writer, professor, and human rights activist, "for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China".
  • 2009: Barack Hussein Obama jr. (b. 1961) 44th President of the USA, "for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples".
  • 2008: Martti Ahtisaari (b. 1937) 10th President of Finland, Politician and UN Peace Mediator, "for his important efforts, on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts".
  • 2007: Awarded jointly to: I.P.C.C. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and to: Albert Arnold -Al- Gore jr. (b. 1948)
  • 2006: Awarded jointly to: Muhammad Yunus (b. 1940) Bangladesh economist and Grameen Bank Banking of the poor in Bangladesh, "for their efforts to create economic and social development from below"
  • 2005: jointly to: I.A.E.A. International Atomic Energy Agency and to: Mohamed El-Baradei (b. 1942) "for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way".
  • 2004: Wangari Muta Maathai (1940-2011) Kenyan environmental and political activist, "for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace".
  • 2003: Shirin Ebadi, شيرين عبادى‎‎ (b. 1947) Iranian lawyer, a former judge and human rights activist, "for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children".
  • 2002: James Earl -Jimmy- Carter, jr. (b. 1924) 39th President of the United States, "for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development".
  • 2001: Awarded jointly to: U.N. United Nations and to: Kofi Annan (b. 1938) Secretary General of the UN, "for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world".
  • 2000: Kim Dae-jung (1924-2009) Korean 15th President, "for his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular".
  • 1999: Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF), "in recognition of the organization's pioneering humanitarian work on several continents".
  • 1998: Awarded jointly to the negotiators John Hume (b. 1937) Northern Ireland MP, Leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party and David Trimble (b. 1944) Northern Ireland MP, Leader of the Ulster Unionist Party, "for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland".
  • 1997: Awarded jointly to International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) and Jody Williams (b, 1950) American political activist, "for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines".
  • 1996: jointly to: Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo Roman Catholic bishop of Dili, East Timor (b. 1948) and to José Ramos-Horta (b. 1949) Former Prime Minister & 2nd President of East Timor, "for their efforts to bring peace and independence to East Timor".
  • 1995: Awarded jointly to: Joseph Rotblat (1908-2005) Polish-born UK resident; Medical physicist campaigning for nuclear disarmament and to Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, "for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms".
  • 1994: Awarded jointly to: Mohammed Yasser Arafat (1929-2004) Secretary General of PLO, to שמעון פרס Shimon Peres (b. 1923) Prime Minister and 7th President of Israel, and to: יצחק רבין Yitzhak Rabin (1922-1995) Prime Minister of Israel, "for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East".
  • 1993: Awarded jointly to South African negotiators: Nelson Mandela (1918-2013) the new South Africa 1st President and Frederik Willem de Klerk (b. 1936) 7th and last South Africaa President of the apartheid era, "for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa"
  • 1992: Rigoberta Menchú Tum (b. 1959) an indigenous woman from Guatemala, "in recognition of her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples".
  • 1991: Aung San Suu Kyi (b. 1945) Myanmar (Burma) human rights activist, "for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights".
  • 1990: Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (b. 1931) President of the USSR, "for his leading role in the peace process which today characterises important parts of the international community".
  • 1989 : The 14th Dalai Lama,Tenzin Gyatso (b. 1935) Spiritual and temporal leader of the Tibetan people. "For his struggle for the liberation of Tibet while opposed the use of violence. He advocated peaceful solutions based upon tolerance and mutual respect in order to preserve the historical and cultural heritage of his people.
  • 1988: UN-United Nations Peacekeeping Forces.
  • 1987: Oscar Arias Sánchez (b. 1941) President of Costa Rica, "for his work for peace in Central America, efforts which led to the accord signed in Guatemala on August 7 this year"
  • 1986: Elie Wiesel (b. 1928). The American Jewish author, philosopher and humanist. "Who made it his life's work to bear witness to the genocide committed by the Nazis during World War II".
  • 1985: Intern. Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War.
  • 1984: Desmond Mpilo Tutu (b. 1931) Former General Secretary of the South African Council of Churches. "For his role as a unifying leader figure in the campaign to resolve the problem of apartheid in South Africa".
  • 1983: Lech Walesa (b. 1943) President of Poland. "For his campaign for freedom of organisation (behind the Iron Curtain) in Poland".
  • 1982: jointly to: Alva Myrdal (1902 - 1986) Swedish sociologist and politician and to Alfonso García Robles (1911 - 1991) Mexican politician and diplomat, "Mr. Disarmament". "for Disarmament and Nuclear Weapons-Free Zones".
  • 1981: U.N.H.C.R. Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
  • 1980: Adolfo Pérez Esquivel (b. 1931), Argentinian human rights leader.
  • 1979: Mother Teresa (1910-1997), Macedonian-born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, Catholic Superior General, leader of Missionaries of Charity, Calcutta - for her humanitarian work.
  • 1978: Awarded jointly to: Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat, محمد أنور السادات‎ (1918-1970) President of Egypt and to: מנחם בגין Menachem Begin (1913-1992) 6th Prime Minister of Israel.
  • 1977: Amnesty International.
  • 1976: Awarded jointly to Betty Williams (b. 1943) Northern Ireland peace activist and Mairead Corrigan (b. 1944) Northern Ireland peace activist, for their work as a cofounders of Community of Peace People, an organisation dedicated to promoting a peaceful resolution to the Troubles in Northern Ireland.
  • 1975: Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov Андре́й Дми́триевич Са́харов (1921-1989) Soviet nuclear physicist, dissident, and human rights activist.
  • 1974: jointly to: Seán MacBride (1904 - 1988) rish government minister, a prominent international politician and a former Chief of Staff of the IRA, "for his efforts on behalf of human rights, among other things as one of the founders of Amnesty International.", and to: Eisaku Sato (1901 - 1975) Prime Minister of Japan, "he represented the will for peace of the Japanese people, and that he had signed the nuclear arms Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)".
  • 1973: jointly to: Henry A. Kissinger (b. 1923) US Secretary of State, and to Le Duc Tho (1911 - 1990) North Vietnam's chief armistice negotiator - who declined the Nobel Peace Prize. "for succeeding in arranging the ceasefire in Vietnam after negotiating for nearly four years".
  • 1972: not awarded
  • 1971: Willy Brandt (1913-1992) Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany. The European Bridge-Builder
  • 1970: Norman Ernest Borlaug (1914-2009) American plant geneticist, for advancing the "Green Revolution".
  • 1969: International Labour Organization I.L.O.
  • 1968: René Samuel Cassin ‧ (1887-1976) French jurist, law professor and judge, "Father of the Declaration of Human Rights"
  • 1967: not awarded
  • 1966: not awarded
  • 1965: United Nations Children's Fund UNICEF.
  • 1964: Martin Luther King jr. (1929-1968) American clergyman, human rights activist, and prominent leader in the African American civil rights movement.
  • 1963: International Committee of the Red Cross, League of Red Cross Societies, Comité international de la Croix Rouge, Ligue des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge.
  • 1962: Linus Carl Pauling (1901-1994) American chemist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1954) and peace activist, opponent to weapons of mass-destruction.
  • 1961: Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld (1905 - 1961) Swedish diplomat, economist, and author. The second Secretary-General of the United Nations.
  • 1960 :Albert John Luthuli (1898-1967) Zimbabwe-born South African politician and freedom fighter, President of the African National Congress, in South Africa
  • 1959: Philip J. Noel-Baker (1889-1982) British politician, MP lifelong ardent worker for international peace and co-operation, for his intentional activity for arms control and disarmament.
  • 1958: Georges Pire (1910-1969) Belgian humanitarian Dominican priest, Leader of the relief organization for refugees "l'Europe du Coeur au Service du Monde".
  • 1957: Lester Bowles Pearson (1897-1972). Prime Minister of Canada, Secretary of State for External Affairs of Canada, President of the 7th Session of the United Nations General Assembly, father of the United Nations forces.
  • 1956: not awarded
  • 1955: not awarded
  • 1954: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees ‧ UNHCR.
  • 1953: George Catlett Marshall (1880-1959) American military leader, Chief of Staff of the Army, Secretary of State, the third Secretary of Defense, for organising the "Marshal Plan" aimed at the economic recovery of Western Europe after World War II.
  • 1952: Albert Schweitzer (1875-1965) Alsace-born physician,missionary, philosopher and musician. Founder of Lambaréné (République de Gabon). Missionary surgeon in Gabon. For his humanitarian work.
  • 1951: Léon Jouhaux (1879-1954) French human rights activist. Delegate U.N., Member Council of I.L.O. (International Labour Organization), Vice President, Fédération syndicale mondiale, Vice President, International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, President, Conseil national économique and International Committee of the European Council, President, Trade Union Confederation "C.G.T. Force Ouvrière"
  • 1950: Ralph Bunche (1904 - 1971) American political scientist, academic, and diplomat. UN Peace Negotiator in the Middle East, "for having arranged a cease-fire between Israelis and Arabs during the war which followed the creation of the state of Israel in 1948."
  • 1949: Lord (John) Boyd Orr of Brechin (1880-1971) Scottish teacher, physician, biologist and politician, for his scientific research into nutrition and his work as the first Director-General of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
  • 1948: not awarded
  • 1947: American Friends Service Committee‧The Quakers.
  • 1946: Awarded jointly to: Emily Greene Balch (1867 – 1961) American Radical Champion of Peace "for her lifelong work for disarmament and peace", and to John Raleigh Mott (1865 – 1955) American Peace activist, President, World Alliance of Young Men's Christian Associations, Chairman, International Missionary Council, "for contributing to the creation of a peace-promoting religious brotherhood across national boundaries".
  • 1945: Cordell Hull (1871 - 1955) U.S. Secretary of State, "for his role in establishing the United Nations".
  • 1944: International Committee of the Red Cross.
  • 1943: not awarded
  • 1942: not awarded
  • 1941: not awarded
  • 1940: not awarded
  • 1939: not awarded
  • 1938: Nansen International Office for Refugees.
  • 1937: Cecil of Chelwood, Viscount (Lord Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne Cecil), British lawyer, parliamentarian and cabinet minister, "Foremost Defender of the League of Nations and a leader of the International Peace Campaign (IPC), which worked for disarmament and collective security through the League of Nations.
  • 1936: Carlos Saavedra Lamas (1878 - 1959) Argentinian politician, Foreign Minister, President of the Assembly of the League of Nations, Mediator in a conflict between Paraguay and Bolivia
  • 1935: Carl von Ossietzky (1889-1938) German journalist, human right activist, anti-Nazi and Concentration Camp prisoner. The seriously ill Laureate was refused permission to leave for Norway to accept the distinction and died in a prison hospital in May 1938.
  • 1934: Arthur Henderson (1863-1935) British MP, Home Secretary and Foreign Secretary, warm supporter of the League of Nations, and one of the principal architects behind the organization's disarmament conference, and its President.
  • 1933: Sir Norman Angell (Lane) (1872-1967) English lecturer, journalist, author, and MP; executive for the World Committee against War and Fascism, a member of the executive committee of the League of Nations Union.
  • 1932: not awarded
  • 1931: Awarded jointly to: Jane Addams (1860 - 1935) American pioneer settlement worker, founder of Hull House in Chicago, public philosopher, sociologist, author, and leader in woman suffrage and world peace, "She founded the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, and worked to get the great powers to disarm and conclude peace agreements; and to: Nicholas Murray Butler (1862 - 1947) American philosopher, diplomat, and educator, "for his efforts to strengthen international law and the International Court at the Hague".
  • 1930: Lars Olof Jonathan (Nathan) Söderblom (1866 - 1931) Swedish Archbishop, "Cooperation between Christian Church Communities Brings Peace".
  • 1929: Frank Billings Kellogg (1856 - 1937), American ex-Secretary of State, "for having been one of the initiators of the Briand-Kellogg Pact of 1928. Almost all the world's states signed this pact, which prohibited wars of aggression."
  • 1928: not awarded
  • 1927: Awarded jointly to Ferdinand Buisson (1841-1932) French academician, Founder and President, Ligue des Droits de l'Homme (League for Human Rights), and to Ludwig Quidde (1858-1941) German pacifist and politician. Died in exile in Switzerland.
  • 1926: Awarded jointly to: Aristide Briand (1862 - 1932) French statesman and Prime Minister, and to: Gustav Stresemann (1978 - 1929) German Foreign Minister, "for reconciliation between Germany and France after World War I."
  • 1925: Awarded jointly to: Sir Austen Chamberlain (1863 - 1937) British statesman, and to: Charles Gates Dawes (1865 - 1951) 30th VP of the USA, "For Reconciliation between Germany and France after WWI".
  • 1924: not awarded
  • 1923: not awarded
  • 1922: Fridtjof Nansen (1861 - 1930) Norwegian explorer, scientist and diplomat, " for his work as a League of Nations High Commissioner".
  • 1921: Awarded jointly to: Karl Hjalmar Branting (1870 - 1925) 16th PM of Sweden, and to: Christian Lous Lange (1869 - 1938) Norwegian historian, teacher, and political scientist, "for their work in the League of Nations".
  • 1920: Léon Victor Auguste Bourgeois (1851-1925) French statesman, ex-Secretary of State, President of the French Parliament (Sénat) and the "spiritual father" and President of the League of Nations.
  • 1919: Thomas Woodrow Wilson (1856 - 1924) 28th President of the United States (1912-1920), " as the leading architect behind the League of Nations ".
  • 1918: not awarded
  • 1917: International Committee of the Red Cross.
  • 1916: not awarded
  • 1915: not awarded
  • 1914: not awarded
  • 1913: Henri La Fontaine (1854-1943) Belgian international lawyer, politician, senator and president of the International Peace Bureau.
  • 1912: Elihu Root (1845 - 1937) U.S. Secretary of War and State, "for his work to bring nations together through arbitration and cooperation".
  • 1911: Awarded jointly to: Tobias Michael Carel Asser (1838 - 1913) Dutch lawyer and politician, and to Alfred Hermann Fried (1864-1921) Austrian Peace Philosopher, Publisher and Popularizer.
  • 1910: Permanent International Peace Bureau, IPB.
  • 1909 : Awarded jointly to: Auguste Marie François Beernaert (1829 - 1912) 14th Prime Minister of Belgium, and to Paul Henri Benjamin Balluet, baron d'Estournelles de Constant Rebecque (1852 - 1924) French diplomat and politician, advocate of international arbitration.
  • 1908 : Awarded jointly to: Klas Pontus Arnoldson (1844 - 1916) Swedish author and peace activist, "for efforts in connection with the conflict over the union, and a step towards the reconciliation of the two independent states (Norway & Sweden)", and to Fredrik Bajer (1837 - 1922) Danish soldier, politician, organizer and peace activist, who "has been given the credit for the establishment of the International Peace Bureau".
  • 1907: Awarded jointly to: Ernesto Teodoro Moneta (18330- 1918) Italian journalist and peace activist, "President of the Lombard League for Peace, and peace movement activist", and to: Louis Renault (18430* 1918) French jurist and educator "Expert in International Law and Practical Promoter of Peace".
  • 1906: Theodore Roosevelt (1858 - 1919) The 26th President of the USA, "for having negotiated peace in the Russo-Japanese war in 1904-5".
  • 1905: Baroness Bertha Sophie Felicita von Suttner (1843-1914) Austrian novelist, radical (organizational) pacifist, and the first woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize and the second to be awarded the Nobel Prize.
  • 1904: Institute of International Law.
  • 1903: Sir William Randal Cremer (Mar 18, 1828 - Jul 22, 1908) English Liberal Member of Parliament and pacifist, "Father of the Inter-Parliamentary Union".
  • 1902: Awarded jointly to: Élie Ducommun (Feb 19, 1833 - Dec 7, 1906) Swiss Peace activist, and to: Albert Gobat (May 21, 1843 - Mar 16, 1914) Swiss politician and Peace advocate, "for their leadership of the Permanent International Peace Bureau".
  • 1901: Awarded jointly to: Jean Henry Dunant (May 8, 1828 - Oct. 30, 1910) Swiss businessman and humanitarian, "Founder of the International Committee of the Red Cross", and to Frédéric Passy (May 20, 1922 - Jun. 12, 1912) French economist, "Founder and President of first French peace society".

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