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Profiles

  • Daniel Joseph Jaffé (1809 - 1874)
    6 מגילות יחש של משפחת יפה- צבי יפ...
  • Eduard Arnhold (1849 - 1925)
    German Jewish industrialist. Born in Dessau, he began his rise to become one of Germany's "coal kings" as a 15-year-old apprentice in Caesar Wollheim's company in Berlin; became company secretary by ag...
  • Robert Georg Alexander von Mendelssohn (1857 - 1917)
    Langjähriges Mitglied der »Gesellschaft der Freunde«, einem 1792 in Berlin gegründeten jüdischen Hilfsverein, der allerdings seit den 1880er Jahren vorwiegend als Clu...
  • Friedrich (Fritz) Viktor von Friedländer-Fuld (1858 - 1917)
    Langjähriges Mitglied der »Gesellschaft der Freunde«, einem 1792 in Berlin gegründeten jüdischen Hilfsverein, der allerdings seit den 1880er Jahren vorwiegend als Clu...
  • Bernhard Dernburg (1865 - 1937)

Natural Scientists

  1. Adolf von Baeyer, industrial chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1905) (Jewish mother)
  2. Norbert Berkowitz, physicist
  3. Hans Bethe, nuclear physics, Nobel Prize (1967)
  4. Sir Walter Bodmer, medical researcher
  5. Max Born, quantum mechanics, Nobel Prize (1954)
  6. Heinrich Caro, industrial chemist
  7. Nikodem Caro, industrial chemist
  8. Albert Einstein, theoretical physics, Nobel Prize (1921)
  9. Erwin Finlay-Freundlich, astronomer
  10. James Franck, quantum physics, Nobel Prize (1925)
  11. Adolph Frank, industrial chemist
  12. Herbert Fröhlich, physicist
  13. Eugen Glueckauf, chemist, expert on atomic energy
  14. Hans Goldschmidt, industrial chemist
  15. Fritz Haber, developed the Haber process, Nobel Prize (1918)
  16. Walter Heitler, chemist
  17. Arthur Korn, physicist
  18. Ernst Ising, statistical mechanics
  19. Albert Ladenburg, chemist
  20. Fritz London, quantum mechanics
  21. Leonard Mandel, quantum optics
  22. Kurt Mendelssohn, German-born British medical physicist
  23. Viktor Meyer, organic chemist
  24. Leonor Michaelis, biochemist
  25. Albert Michelson, measured speed of light, Nobel Prize (1907) (Jewish father)
  26. Ludwig Mond, chemist & industrialist
  27. Sir Rudolf Peierls, solid state theory
  28. Arno Penzias, co-discoverer of CMB, Nobel Prize (1978)
  29. Alfred Philippson, geologist
  30. John Charles Polanyi, chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1986) (born Berlin, educated in UK)
  31. Ernst Pringsheim, spectrometry, black-body radiation
  32. Michael Rossmann, physicist and microbiologist (Jewish mother)
  33. Rudolf Schoenheimer, biochemist
  34. Arthur Schuster, spectroscopist
  35. Karl Schwarzschild, physicist & Astronomen
  36. Franz Simon, physicist, separation of Uranium 235
  37. Jack Steinberger, particle physics, Nobel Prize (1988)
  38. Otto Stern, experimental physicist, Nobel Prize (1943)
  39. Otto Wallach, chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1910)
  40. Richard Willstätter, chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1915)

Physicians / Medical Researchers

  1. Adolph Baginsky, pediatrician, diphtheria researcher
  2. Alfred Bielschowsky, ophthalmologist
  3. Max Bielschowsky, neuropathologist
  4. Konrad Bloch, biochemist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1964)
  5. Marcus Elieser Bloch, physician
  6. Gustav Born, professor of pharmacology
  7. Edith Bulbring, Professor of pharmacy (Jewish mother)
  8. Sir Ernst B. Chain, developed penicillin, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1945)
  9. Ferdinand Cohn, pioneer in microbiology
  10. Julius Friedrich Cohnheim, pathologist
  11. Paul Ehrlich, developed magic bullet concept, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1908)
  12. Arthur Eichengrün, possible inventor of aspirin
  13. Wilhelm Feldberg, biologist
  14. Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat, biochemist
  15. Ludwig Frankenthal, surgeon
  16. Hermann Friedberg, physician
  17. Salome Gluecksohn-Waelsch, geneticist
  18. Ernst Gräfenberg, obstetrician, the G-spot
  19. Martin Gumpert, physician, writer
  20. Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, physician
  21. Sir Bernard Katz, biophysicist, Nobel Prize (1970)
  22. Hans Kornberg, biochemist researcher[
  23. Hans Kosterlitz, discovered endorphins
  24. Sir Hans Adolf Krebs, biochemist, Nobel Prize (1953)
  25. Fritz Lipmann, biochemist, Nobel Prize (1953)
  26. Jacques Loeb, physiologist
  27. Otto Loewi, pharmacologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1936)
  28. Elisabeth Mann, biologist (Jewish mother)
  29. Otto Meyerhof, biochemist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1922) (Jewish father)
  30. Oskar Minkowski, physiologist
  31. Albert Neisser, physician, discovered the cause of gonorrhea (Jewish father)
  32. Emin Pasha, physician, naturalist, explorer
  33. Nathanael Pringsheim, botanist
  34. Ottomar Rosenbach, physician
  35. Moritz Traube, biochemist
  36. Moshe Wallach, founder and director, Shaare Zedek Hospital, Jerusalem
  37. Schwester Selma, longtime head nurse at Shaare Zedek Hospital, Jerusalem
  38. Carl Warburg, doctor of medicine and clinical pharmacologist.
  39. Otto Heinrich Warburg, physiologist, Nobel Prize (1931) (Jewish father)
  40. Karl Weigert, pathologist

Economists

  1. Robert Aumann, Nobel Prize for Economics
  2. Richard Ehrenberg, economist
  3. Ludwig Lachmann, economist
  4. Emil Lederer, economist
  5. Robert Liefmann, economist
  6. Adolph Lowe, economist
  7. Rosa Luxemburg, economist, co-founder of the KPD
  8. Fritz Naphtali, economist, editor, later Israeli finance minister
  9. Sigbert Prais, economist (JYB 2005 p215)
  10. Reinhard Selten, Nobel prize (1994)
  11. Hans Singer, economist

Mathematicians

  1. Felix Bernstein, set theory
  2. Maurice Block, statistician
  3. Richard Brauer, modular representation theory
  4. Paul Cohn, algebraist
  5. Richard Courant, mathematical analysis & applied mathematics
  6. Max Dehn, topology
  7. Paul Epstein, number theory
  8. Adolf Fraenkel, set theory
  9. Hans Freudenthal, algebraic topology
  10. Felix Hausdorff, topology
  11. Heinz Hopf, topology (Jewish father)
  12. Adolf Hurwitz, mathematician
  13. Carl Gustav Jakob Jacobi, analysis
  14. Leopold Kronecker, number theory
  15. Edmund Landau, number theory
  16. Rudolf Lipschitz, mathematician
  17. Kurt Mahler, mathematician
  18. Hermann Minkowski, geometrical theory of numbers
  19. Claus Moser, Statistician
  20. Leonard Nelson, mathematician, philosopher
  21. Bernhard Neumann, mathematician
  22. Emmy Noether, algebra & theoretical physics
  23. Alfred Pringsheim, analysis, theory of functions
  24. Richard Rado, combinatorics
  25. Abraham Robinson, nonstandard analysis
  26. Arthur Moritz Schönflies, mathematician
  27. Issai Schur, mathematician
  28. Otto Toeplitz, linear algebra & functional analysis

Technical Scientists

  1. Ralph Baer, inventor of the games console
  2. Emile Berliner, inventor of the gramophone
  3. Emanuel Goldberg (1881–1970, from Russia, but published in German), pioneered Microdots and microfilm retrieval technology
  4. Julius Edgar Lilienfeld, electrical engineer
  5. Siegfried Marcus, automobile pioneer
  6. Michael O. Rabin, computer algorithms, Turing Award (1976)
  7. Reinhold Rudenberg, electrical engineer and inventor, Reinhold Rudenberg
  8. Adolf Schallamach, pioneered understanding of friction and wear phenomena in rubber
  9. Joseph Weizenbaum, AI critic, ELIZA

Psychologists

  1. Karl Abraham, psychoanalyst
  2. Rudolf Arnheim, perception theorist
  3. Erik Erikson, developmental psychologist (Jewish mother)
  4. Erich Fromm, psychologist & humanistic philosopher
  5. Frieda Fromm-Reichmann, psychoanalyst
  6. Kurt Goldstein, Gestalt-influenced neurologist
  7. Max Hamilton, psychiatrist
  8. Magnus Hirschfeld, sexologist
  9. Kurt Koffka, Gestalt psychologist
  10. Kurt Lewin, social psychologist
  11. Hugo Münsterberg, industrial psychologist
  12. Ulric Neisser, cognitive psychologist (Jewish father)
  13. Erich Neumann, analytical psychologist
  14. Fritz Perls, psychotherapist
  15. Otto Selz, cognitive psychologist
  16. William Stern, the Intelligence Quotient
  17. Max Wertheimer, Gestalt psychologist

Philosophers

  1. Theodor Adorno (1903-1969), philosopher (Jewish father)
  2. Ernst Bloch, philosopher
  3. Constantin Brunner, philosopher
  4. Ernst Cassirer, philosopher
  5. Hermann Cohen, philosopher
  6. Friedrich Dessauer, philosopher
  7. Max Dessoir, philosopher
  8. Ossip Flechtheim Sociologist Philosopher
  9. Julius Frauenstädt, philosopher
  10. Kurt Grelling, philosopher
  11. Richard Hönigswald (Jewish father)
  12. Max Horkheimer (1895-1973), philosopher & sociologist
  13. Edmund Husserl, philosopher (converted to Christianity)
  14. Hans Jonas, philosopher
  15. Horace Kallen, philosopher
  16. Adolf Lasson, philosopher
  17. Theodor Lessing, philosopher, writer
  18. Karl Löwith, philosopher
  19. Salomon Maimon, philosopher
  20. Fritz Mauthner, author & philosopher
  21. Moses Mendelssohn, philosopher, scholar
  22. Helmuth Plessner, philosopher (Jewish father)
  23. Hans Reichenbach, philosopher (Jewish father)
  24. Eugen Rosenstock-Huessy, philosopher (Jewish father)
  25. Max Scheler, philosopher (Jewish mother)
  26. Kurt Sternberg, philosopher
  27. Richard Rudolf Walzer, philosopher (Jewish Year Book 1975 p214)

Historians

  1. Ernst Bernheim, historian
  2. Geoffrey Rudolph Elton (son of Wictor Ehrenberg)
  3. Richard Ettinghausen, art historian
  4. Henry Friedlander, historian
  5. Peter Gay, historian
  6. Heinrich Graetz, historian
  7. George W. F. Hallgarten, historian
  8. Eric Hobsbawm, historian
  9. Ernst Kantorowicz, historian of medieval political and intellectual history
  10. Richard Krautheimer, historian
  11. Arno Lustiger, historian
  12. Lothar Machtan
  13. Golo Mann, historian (Jewish mother)
  14. George Mosse, historian
  15. Hans Rothfels, historian
  16. Fritz Stern, historian
  17. Michael Wolffsohn, historian

Social Scientists

  1. Reinhard Bendix, sociologist
  2. Eduard Bernstein, founder of evolutionary socialism
  3. Franz Boas, cultural anthropologist
  4. Lewis A. Coser, sociologist
  5. Norbert Elias, sociologist
  6. Amitai Etzioni, sociologist
  7. Shelomo Dov Goitein, Arabist
  8. Moses Hess, socialist
  9. Eugene Kamenka, sociologist
  10. Siegfried Kracauer, sociologist & film critic
  11. Ferdinand Lassalle, founder of first German worker's party
  12. Karl Mannheim, sociologist
  13. Herbert Marcuse, sociologist, New Left figurehead
  14. Karl Marx, founder of communism (parents converted to Protestantism)
  15. Franz Oppenheimer, sociologist & economist
  16. Leo Loewenthal, sociologist
  17. Georg Simmel, sociologist
  18. Georg Steindorff, egyptologist (Jewish father)
  19. Jacob Taubes, theologist
  20. Louis Wirth, sociologist

Jurists

  1. Hannah Arendt, political theorist
  2. Jacob Friedrich Behrend, jurist
  3. David Daube, Professor of Law
  4. Heinrich Dernburg, jurist
  5. Victor Ehrenberg, juris
  6. Hugo Haase, jurist
  7. Sir Otto Kahn-Freund, Professor of Law
  8. Hermann Kantorowicz, jurist
  9. Walter Kaskel, jurist
  10. Robert Kempner, jurist
  11. Paul Laband, jurist, b. Breslau
  12. Otto Lenel, jurist
  13. Franz Neumann, legal theorist
  14. Arthur Nussbaum, jurist
  15. Joseph Süss Oppenheimer, financial planner & court Jew
  16. Gabriel Riesser, deputy speaker of Frankfurt Assembly in 1848, first Jewish judge in Hamburg
  17. Rudolf Schlesinger, jurist
  18. Georg Schwarzenberger, jurist
  19. Hugo Sinzheimer, legal scholar
  20. Sigmund Zeisler, jurist

Scholars

  1. Moses Buttenweiser (1862–1939), Bible scholar
  2. Immanuel Oscar Menahem Deutsch (1829–1873), Semitic scholar and orientalist
  3. Marcus Kalisch, Biblical scholar
  4. Arthur Liebert

Writers - Journalists - Poets

  1. Erich Auerbach, literature critic
  2. Julius Bab, dramatist and theater critic
  3. Jurek Becker, writer
  4. Maxim Biller, writer
  5. Rudolf Borchardt poet
  6. Ludwig Börne, satirist
  7. Otto Brahm, literary critic
  8. Henryk Broder, journalist
  9. Walter Benjamin (1892-1940), literary critic & philosopher
  10. Emil Carlebach, writer, dissident
  11. Joseph Derenbourg, orientalist, father of Hartwig Derenbourg
  12. Hilde Domin, poet
  13. Lion Feuchtwanger, novelist
  14. Hubert Fichte, author (Jewish father)
  15. Anne Frank, diarist
  16. Karen Gershon, poet (1923–1993)
  17. Friedrich Gundolf, literary man
  18. Glückel of Hameln, 18th-century Yiddish diarist
  19. Maximilian Harden, journalist
  20. Heinrich Heine, poet (converted for job prospects)
  21. Stefan Heym, novelist, politician
  22. Wolfgang Hildesheimer
  23. Edgar Hilsenrath, novelist
  24. Barbara Honigmann, writer
  25. Heinrich Eduard Jacob, writer and journalist
  26. Siegfried Jacobsohn, journalist and theater critic
  27. Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, novelist and screenwriter
  28. Wladimir Kaminer, short story writer
  29. Judith Kerr, children's writer
  30. Victor Klemperer, writer
  31. Else Lasker-Schüler, writer, poet & artist (converted to Protestantism for job prospects)
  32. Claire Loewenfeld, writer and herbalist.
  33. Gila Lustiger, author
  34. Erika Mann, writer, actress (Jewish mother)
  35. Klaus Mann, writer (Jewish mother)
  36. Monika Mann, writer (Jewish mother)
  37. Julius Mosen, born Moses
  38. Erich Mühsam, anarchist poet
  39. Henning Pawel, child-book author, writer.
  40. Solomon Perel, author
  41. Marcel Reich-Ranicki, literary critic
  42. H. A. Rey & Margret Rey, creators of Curious George
  43. Renate Rubinstein (Jewish father)
  44. Nelly Sachs, poet, Nobel Prize (1966)
  45. Anna Seghers, novelist
  46. Oskar Seidlin, writer
  47. Rafael Seligmann, writer
  48. William Sternheim playwright
  49. Süßkind von Trimberg writer
  50. Kurt Tucholsky, writer (converted to Protestantism)
  51. Samuel Ullman, poet
  52. Rahel Varnhagen, writer and saloniste (converted to Christianity)
  53. Moritz Callmann Wahl
  54. Jakob Wassermann, novelist
  55. Trude Weiss-Rosmarin
  56. Jeanette Wohl
  57. Friedrich Wolf, writer, physician
  58. Carl Zuckmayer, playwright (Jewish mother)
  59. Arnold Zweig, writer
  60. Stefan Zweig, novelist, playwright and journalist, best known for his autobiograph
  61. Walter Tetzlaff, ed. "2000 Kurzbiographien bedeutender deutscher Juden des 20. Jahrhunderts" (Lindhorst: Askania, 1982).

Linguists and philologists

  1. Paulus Aemilius, professor of Hebrew
  2. Theodor Benfey, linguist (Jewish father)
  3. Eduard Fraenkel, philologist
  4. Wilhelm Freund, philologist
  5. Ludwig Friedländer, philologist
  6. Julius Fürst, orientalist
  7. Theodor Goldstücker, linguist
  8. Moshe Goshen-Gottstein, linguist
  9. Victor Klemperer, linguist & diarist
  10. Siegbert Salomon Prawer, Professor of German
  11. Chaim Menachem Rabin, linguist
  12. Edward Sapir, anthropologist-linguist
  13. Ernest Simon, professor of Chinese
  14. Heymann Steinthal, linguist

Musicians

  1. Samuel Adler, composer
  2. Haim Alexander, composer
  3. Tzvi Avni, composer
  4. Paul Ben-Haim, composer
  5. Julius Benedict, composer
  6. Herman Berlinski, American composer, organist, pianist, musicologist and choir conductor
  7. Wolf Biermann, singer/songwriter (Jewish father)
  8. Yehezkel Braun, Israeli composer
  9. Manfred Bukofzer, musicologist
  10. Paul Dessau, composer
  11. Abel Ehrlich, Israeli composer
  12. Alfred Einstein, musicologist
  13. Hanns Eisler, German-born composer (Jewish father)
  14. Lukas Foss, composer & conductor

Claude Frank, pianist

  1. Alexander Goehr, composer
  2. Walter Goehr, conductor
  3. Berthold Goldschmidt, composer
  4. Bernard Greenhouse, cellist
  5. George Henschel, singer & conductor
  6. Alfred Hertz, conductor
  7. André Herzberg, musician
  8. Gerard Hoffnung, musicologist
  9. Friedrich Holländer, composer
  10. Salomon Jadassohn, composer
  11. Leon Jessel, composer
  12. Robert Kahn, composer
  13. Otto Klemperer, conductor
  14. Robert Lachmann, musicologist
  15. Ludwig Lenel, organist and composer
  16. Hermann Levi, conductor
  17. Alfred Lion & Frank Wulff, founders of Blue Note Records
  18. Edward Lowinsky, musicologist
  19. Michael Mann, musician (Jewish mother)
  20. Arnold Mendelssohn, organist
  21. Felix Mendelssohn, composer & conductor (Jewish ancestry but raised Lutheran)
  22. Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel, composer
  23. Giacomo Meyerbeer, composer
  24. Ben-Zion Orgad, Israeli composer
  25. Menahem Pressler, pianist
  26. André Previn, conductor
  27. Franz Reizenstein, pianist, composer
  28. Curt Sachs, musicologist, co-founder of modern organology
  29. Kurt Sanderling, conductor
  30. Adolf Martin Schlesinger, music publisher
  31. Heinrich Sontheim, tenor
  32. William Steinberg, conductor
  33. Erich Walter Sternberg, composer
  34. Josef Tal, composer
  35. Ilia Trilling, synagogue composer
  36. Ignatz Waghalter, composer & conductor
  37. Bruno Walter, conductor (Jewish father)
  38. Franz Waxman, film composer
  39. Kurt Weill, composer
  40. Indira Weiss, singer & actress
  41. Stefan Wolpe, composer
  42. Alec Empire, member of Atari Teenage Riot
  43. Hilde Zadek, soprano
  44. Aron Liedtke, Music Producer

Artists - Art Dealers

  1. • Anni Albers, textile designer
  2. • Frank Auerbach, painter
  3. • Eduard Bendemann, painter
  4. • Martin Bloch, British painter
  5. • Erwin Blumenfeld, photographer
  6. Paul Cassirer gallery owner
  7. • Alfred Eisenstaedt, photographer
  8. • Benno Elkan, sculptor
  9. Alfred Flechteim art gallery owner
  10. • James Ingo Freed, architect
  11. • Gisèle Freund, photographer
  12. • Eva Hesse, materials artist
  13. • Erich Kahn, painter, expressionist
  14. • Eugen Kaufmann, architect
  15. • Hugo Lederer (1871–1940) sculptor
  16. Max Liebermann, painter
  17. • Wilhelm Löwith, artist
  18. • Peter Max, pop artist
  19. • Ludwig Meidner, painter
  20. • Erich Mendelsohn, architect
  21. • Helmut Newton, photographer (Jewish father)
  22. • Felix Nussbaum, painter
  23. • Meret Oppenheim, surrealist
  24. • Erwin Panofsky, art historian
  25. • Hans Schleger, designer
  26. • Charlotte Salomon, artist
  27. • Erich Salomon, news photographer

Grete Stern, photographer

  1. • Victor Weisz, Vicky, cartoonist

Showbusiness

  1. • Hugo Egon Balder, comedian, producer (Jewish mother)
  2. • Ludwig Berger, director
  3. • Lotte Berk, dancer and health guru
  4. • Kurt Bernhardt, director
  5. • Artur Brauner, film producer
  6. • Friedrich Dalsheim, director
  7. • Michael Degen, actor
  8. • Ernst Dohm, actor, editor
  9. • Hedwig Dohm-Pringsheim, actress
  10. • E.A. Dupont, director
  11. • Michel Friedman, TV personality
  12. • Kurt Gerron, stage actor & film director
  13. • Dora Gerson, actress, cabaret singer
  14. • Therese Giehse, actress Pepermill
  15. • Lou Jacobs, clown
  16. • Ludwig Karl Koch, broadcaster and sound recordist
  17. • Werner Klemperer, Movie, TV Hogan's Heroes and Broadway actor, violinist
  18. • Carl Laemmle, film producer
  19. • Ernst Lubitsch, director
  20. • Jeanine Meerapfel, film director and screenwriter
  21. • Max Ophüls, film director
  22. • Richard Oswald, director
  23. • Ferdinand Eduard Pahnecke, actor
  24. • Lilli Palmer, actress
  25. • Hans Rosenthal, one of Germany's most popular TV personalities in history
  26. • Susan Sideropoulos, actress
  27. • Robert Siodmak, director
  28. • Ruth Westheimer, sex therapist
  29. • Konrad Wolf, film director
  30. • Peter Zadek, theatre director
  31. • Christian Berkel, actor

Politicians

  1. • Fischel Arnheim, politician
  2. • Ludwig Bamberger, politician
  3. • Daniel Cohn-Bendit, member of European Parliament, student leader in 1968
  4. • Wilhelm Dröscher, SPD politician (half-Jewish)
  5. • Kurt Eisner, Bavarian prime minister
  6. • Heinrich von Friedberg, jurist, statesman (converted to Christianity)
  7. • Karl Rudolf Friedenthal, Prussian politician
  8. • Clement Freud, German-born British MP
  9. • Alex Himelfarb, ambassador
  10. • Henry Kissinger, US Secretary of State, Nobel Prize (1973)
  11. • Ludwig Landmann, mayor of Frankfurt/Main
  12. • Eduard Lasker, co-founder of the National Liberal Party
  13. • Eugen Levine, Bavarian prime minister
  14. • Jutta Oesterle-Schwerin, Member of parliament, Green party, Feminist party
  15. • Eduard von Simson, President of the Reichstag, President of the Reichsgericht
  16. • Walther Rathenau, Foreign Minister of the Weimar Republic
  17. • Herbert Weichmann, mayor of Hamburg
  18. • Jeanette Wolff, West Berlin politician
  19. • Walter Wolfgang, German-born politician

Entrepreneurs

  1. Albert Ballin entrepreneur
  2. • Alfred Beit, financier
  3. • Sir Ernest Cassel, banker
  4. • Maurice de Hirsch, banker
  5. Emil Rathenau
  6. • Hugo Reiss
  7. • Sir Robert Mayer, German-born businessman and philanthropist
  8. • Stef Wertheimer "77 year old German-born Stef Wertheimer"
  9. • Abraham Kuhn[73] and Solomon Loeb, founders of Kuhn, Loeb & Co.
  10. • Gustav Wilhelm Wolff, founder of Harland and Wolff

Court Jews

  1. • Josel of Rosheim; de (1476–1554)
  2. • Chajim Fürst, (1592–1653), court agent in Hamburg, elder of the Jewish community in Hamburg, richest Jew in Hamburg.
  3. • Moses Israel Fürst, (1617–1692), court agent in Hamburg and Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  4. • Leffmann Behrends (Liepmann Cohen) of Hanover (c. 1630–1714)
  5. • Samuel Oppenheimer (1635–1703), military supplier for the Holy Roman Emperor.
  6. • Samson Wertheimer (1658–1724), Austrian financier,rabbi of Eisenstadt
  7. • Issachar Berend Lehmann; de (1661–1730)
  8. • Joseph Süß Oppenheimer (1698–1738), financier for Charles Alexander, Duke of Württemberg
  9. • Aaron Beer († 1740) of Aurich and Frankfurt
  10. • Löw Sinzheim (c. 1675 – 1744), court purveyor of Mainz
  11. • Daniel Itzig (1723–1799), a court Jew of Frederick II the Great and Frederick William II of Prussia.
  12. • Raphael Kaulla († 1810) and "Madame Kaulla" (1739–1809)
  13. Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744–1812), "court factor" for William I, Elector of Hesse
  14. • Israel Jacobson (1768–1828), philanthropist and reformer, court agent of Brunswick.
  15. • Wolf Breidenbach (1751–1829), factor to the Elector of Hesse, father of Moritz Wilhelm August Breidenbach

Rabbis

  1. • Ahron Daum, Chief Rabbi of Frankfurt am Main
  2. • Immanuel Jakobovits, Chief Rabbi of Great Britain
  3. • Samson Raphael Hirsch, intellectual founder of the Torah im Derech Eretz school of contemporary Orthodox Judaism
  4. • Levi Herzfeld, 19th century proponent of moderate reform

Activists

  1. • Hedwig Dohm-Schleh, feminist, author
  2. • Nahum Goldmann, president of World Jewish Congress
  3. • Josel of Rosheim, court Jew & Jewish advocate
  4. • Paul Spiegel, leader of the Central Council of Jews in Germany

Sports

  1. • Rudi Ball, ice hockey player, right wing, Olympic bronze, world runner-up, bronze
  2. • Gretel Bergmann, high jumper
  3. • Hans Berliner, world postal chess champion
  4. • Barney Dreyfuss, co-founder of the World Series
  5. • Alfred Flatow, 3x Olympic gymnastics champion (parallel bars, team parallel bars, team horizontal bar), silver (horizontal bar)
  6. • Gustav Felix Flatow, 2x Olympic gymnastics champion (team parallel bars, team horizontal bar)
  7. • Gottfried Fuchs, soccer player, (German national team)
  8. • Ludwig Guttmann, founder of the Paralympics
  9. • Lilli Henoch, world records (discus, shot put, and 4x100-m relay); shot by the Nazis in Latvia
  10. • Julius Hirsch, footballer, German champion, killed during the Holocaust
  11. • Bernhard Horwitz, chess player
  12. • Herbert Klein, swimmer, Olympic bronze (200-m breaststroke); 3 world records
  13. • Emanuel Lasker, world chess champion
  14. • Henry Laskau, racewalker, won 42 national titles; Pan American champion; 4x Maccabiah champion
  15. • Helene Mayer, foil fencer (Jewish father), Olympic champion
  16. • Sarah Poewe, swimmer (Jewish mother), Olympic bronze (4x100 medley relay)
  17. • Daniel Prenn, tennis player, highest world ranking # 6
  18. • Siegbert Tarrasch, chess player

Educationalists

  1. • Lewis Elton, educationalist
  2. • Kurt Hahn, educationalist

Other

  1. • Ridley Haim Herschell, missionary
  2. • Joseph Wolff, missionary