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Prominent Historians and Philosophers

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Profiles

  • William C. Hayes (1903 - 1963)
    William Christopher Hayes (March 21, 1903 – July 10, 1963) was an American Egyptologist. His main fields of study were history of Egyptian art and translation/interpretation of texts. Biogra...
  • Ludwig von Mises (1881 - 1973)
    Ludwig von Mises (1881-1973) by Murray N. Rothbard "Economics deals with society's fundamental problems; it concerns everyone and belongs to all. It is the main and proper study of every citizen....
  • Lothrop Withington (1856 - 1915)
    Lothrop Withington (January 31, 1856 – May 7, 1915) was a well-known American genealogist, historian, and book editor who was killed in the sinking of the RMS Lusitania. Born in Newburyport,...
  • Lev Nikolayevich Count Tolstoy (1828 - 1910)
    Leo Tolstoy (From Wikipedia) Leo Tolstoy, or Count Lyev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (Russian: About this sound Лeв Никола́ев...
  • Gordon Park Baker (1938 - 2002)
    Gordon Park Baker (born at Englewood, New Jersey, 20 April 1938; died at Woodstock, Oxfordshire, 25 June 2002) was an American-English philosopher. His topics of interest included Ludwig Wittgenste...

Prominent Historians and Philosophers who have made major contributions to our understanding of our world and the human condition.

Selected profiles list by activity period:

       

BCE

0 – 1000 CE

1000 – 1500

XVI century

XVII century

XVIII century

  • Voltaire (21/11/1694 – 30/5/1778) French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher
  • Jean Jacques Rousseau (28/6/1712 – 2/7/1778) Genevan philosopher & writer. His political philosophy influenced the French Revolution as well as the overall development of modern political, sociological and educational thought.
  • Imanuel Kant (22/4/1724 – 12/2/1804) German philosopher
  • Moses Mendelssohn - משה מנדלסון; (c 6/9/1729 – 4/1/1786) German Jewish philosopher

XIX century

  • Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (28/7/1770 – 14/11/1831) German philosopher, of the German Idealism movement
  • Carlo Cattaneo (1801 - 1869) Italian philosopher and Revolutionary
  • Søren Aabye Kierkegaard (1813 – 1855) Danish philosopher and theologian
  • Christiam Mommsen (30/11/1817 – 1/11/1903) German historian and writer; his masterpiece - "The History of Rome". Nobel Prize in Literature 1902.
  • Karl Marx (5/5/1818 – 14/3/1883) German Jewish philosopher, historian, sociologist, economist and writer
  • John Venn (4/8/1834 – 4/4/1923) British logician and philosopher, famous for introducing the Venn diagram.
  • Friedrich Nietzsche (15/10/1844 – 25/8/1900) German philologist, philosopher, cultural critic, poet and composer.

XX century

  • Henri Bergson (18/10/1859 – 4/1/1941) French philosopher. Nobel Prize in Literature in 1927.
  • John Dewey (1859 – 1952) American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer
  • Martin Buber, מרטין בובר‎; (8/2/1878 – 13/6/1965) Austrian-born Jewish philosopher
  • Franz Kafka (3/7/1883 – 3/6/1924) German-language Jewish novelist who revolutionized thinking and literature of the XX century
  • Franz Rosenzweig (1886-1929) Jewish German philosopher, historian and educator
  • Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (26/4/1889 – 29/4/1951) Austrian-British philosopher
  • Aldous Leonard Huxley (26/7/1894 – 22/11/1963) English-American writer and philosopher
  • Sir Karl Raimund Popper (1902 – 1994) Austro-British philosopher
  • Jean-Paul Sartre (21/6/1905 – 15/4/1980) French philosopher, playwright, novelist, screenwriter, political activist, biographer, and literary critic
  • Simone de Beauvoir (9/1/1908 – 14/4/1986) French novelist and philosopher
  • A.J. Ayers (1910 - 1989) British philosopher known for his promotion of logical positivism, and a Special Operations MI6 agent.
  • Bernard Lewis (born 1916) British-American historian, scholar in Oriental studies