Richard Gardner, of Nantucket

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Richard Gardner

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Sherborne, Dorset, England
Death: March 23, 1688 (66)
Nantucket, Dukes County, Province of New York
Place of Burial: Nantucket, Nantucket County, Massachusetts, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Thomas Gardner, "Old Planter" and 1st wife of Thomas Gardner
Husband of 1st wife of Richard Gardner, of Nantucket and Sarah Gardner
Father of Joseph Gardner; Richard Gardner; Deborah Pease; Sarah Folger; Samuel Gardner and 8 others
Brother of Thomas Gardner, of Salem; George Gardner, of Salem; Capt. John Gardner, of Nantucket; Samuel Gardner, of Salem; Joseph Gardner, of Salem and 3 others

Occupation: Seaman
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Richard Gardner, of Nantucket

Richard Gardner of Nantucket born 1621 in England; died March 23, 1687/88 in Nantucket, MA.

Parents:  son perhaps, of first Thomas

married:

  1. to an unknown woman (Gardner Book)
  2. Abt. 1652 in Nantucket, MA to Sarah Shattuck, born Abt. 1631; died 1724 in Nantucket, MA.  She was probably a daughter of William or Samuel Shattuck (1584-1637) and Damaris Shattuck (b. ca.1597-1674). 10 known children.

Children of an Richard Gardner and an unknown woman

  1. Joseph m. Bethiah Macy

Children of Richard Gardner of Nantucket and Sarah Shattuck:

  1. Sarah m. Eleazer Folger
  2. Richard, b. 23 Oct. 1653
  3. Deborah, 12 Feb. 1658 m. John Macy and next Stephen Pease
  4. Damaris, 21 Nov. 1662
  5. James, 19 May 1664
  6. Miriam m. John Worth
  7. Nathaniel, 16 Nov. 1669
  8. Hope m. John Coffin
  9. Love, 2 May 1672

General Notes

  • Richard Gardner came to Nantucket from Salem in 1666.
  • Thomas and his wife Sarah moved from Salem, MA to Nantucket, MA in 1667
  • Richard was Chief Magistrate in 1673 on Nantucket and held other town offices. None of the old town records are in his handwriting, from which some infer that he was not educated.

Notes

RICHARD, Salem 1643, s. perhaps, of first Thomas, liv. there 1666, went next yr. to Nantucket. Bef. rem. he, by w. Sarah, prob. a. of Samuel Shattuck, had Joseph; Sarah; Richard, b. 23 Oct. 1653; Deborah, 12 Feb. 1658; Damaris, 21 Nov. 1662; and James, 19 May 1664; beside Miriam; Nathaniel, 16 Nov. 1669; Hope; and Love, 2 May 1672. Of the last d. I see no more; but Sarah m. Eleazer Folger; Deborah m. John Macy, and next Stephen Pease; Miriam m. John Worth;; and Hope m. John Coffin; and the f. d. 23 Jan. 1689. His wid. Sarah d. 1724, aged above 92 yrs. ----Savage


GEDCOM Note

Puritan Great Migration Category:Sherborne, Dorset Category:Zouch Phoenix,_sailed_1624 Category: Salem, Massachusetts Category: Nantucket, Massachusetts Category:Founders Burial Ground, Nantucket, Massachusetts

Biography

There is a baptismal record of Richard Gardner, son of Thomas, on 20 July 1622 in Sherborne, Dorset, England. [Dorset History Centre; Dorchester, England; Dorset Parish Registers; Reference: PE/SH:RE1/1] This record is available for viewing on ancestry.com if you havea paid subscription (international required for U.S. accounts).

Richard arrived in Massachusetts aboard the ship Zouch Pheonix in 1624. “Ships from Dorset.” After a few years at Cape Ann, his family settled in Salem.

Richard's first grant of land was from Salem in 1642, a "10 acre lott nere Mackrell Cove next to Mr. Thorndike playne to be laid by the towne.," He retained possession of this lot until May 2, 1659 when he soldit to Samuel Corning. In 1643, he was granted 20 acres at Jeffrey's Creek. He sold this on Sep. 19, 1667 to John West. [Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 40 His dwelling house was on the eastern side of what is now Central Street, not far from the present corner of Essex Street. Richard sold his home on Aug. 25, 1667 to Edward Mould. He had a shop on the same lot, but he kept this for "my owne p'p'use." Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 41

On May 5, 1669, Richard Gardner, "late of Salem" sold to Edward Mould,fisherman, "All that my dwelling-house which I lately lived in," withshop etc., and all the ground "that I have adjoining thereunto, containing aboute sixteen rod or pole of ground." Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674)and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 41

In the County Court Records at Salem, Case No. 5 on the "28, 4th mo. 1664," Richard Gardner, defendant, Nathaniel Pitman plaintiff "in an action of trespass on the case for romeing upon ye plts ground fencing it and occupying it to his great damage." "The court doe order that this case in difference, be referred to ye selectmen of ye Towne of Salem, to be ended in a month, cost of court & all included, which was consented to by both pties. [Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 42

In the record of the same session, Case No. 60, Richard Gardner and others "are convicted of theire absenting themselves from the publick ordinances." Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem,Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 42

From Salem to Nantucket

Richard removed to Nantucket not long afterward and purchased land there at Wesko on Feb. 15, 1667 from John Bishop. On the next page is recorded a list of cattle ear marks; "Richard Gardner his mark, a swallows taile on ye left ear and a half penny under ye right." [NantucketRegistry of Deeds, Book I, p. 10].

Although Richard is called "of Salem" in a deed dated Aug. 25, 1667, the Nantucket Deeds record "Mr. Richard Gardner his house lot is that which was layd out to William Worth at Wesquo pon according to ye record & also a ten acre lot according to ye same record & also an acre & half more added to it" dated Feb. 15, 1667. [Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907;page 42 On Mar. 22, 1666-7, "At a Meeting of the Inhabitants a Grant was made to Richard Gardner, halfe Accommodacons, According to the Grants made to Seamen and tradesmen, upon condition that hee exercise himself as aSea-man and that hee come to inhabit here with his family before the End of May -68- And after that his Entrance here not to depart the Island in Point of dwelling, for the Space of three years upon the Forfeiture of the Grant aforesaid." Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 43

In 1669, he received many additional land grants that included an acrefor a mill and another acre of meadow. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 43

On Feb. 13, 1672, Richard was chosen by the town to "proceed to New York with the town's fish and to act as the town's messenger or agent insuch business of the town as shall be expressed in this order." The fist was sent as the town's tax to the Government at New York. At this time, Nantucket was a part of New York state. Resulting from this mission, an order from Gov. Francis Lovelace named the town "Sherborne upon Nantucket." This order was sent with other instructions on Apr. 18, 1673 by Mr. Richard and Capt. John Gardner. The fact that these two men brought this name from the Governor has led some to believe that it was their own request honoring their ancestral home near Sherborne in England. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (CapeAnn, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 43

Governor Lovelace commissioned Mr. Richard Gardner as Chief Magistrateof "Nantucket and Tuckanuckett." He also brought with him a license issued to his brother John and himself "to buy some land by the Sea Side or else where of the Indyan Natives." Richard's brother John was next selected Chief Magistrate in June 1680. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 44

From W. C. Folger's article in the Nantucket Inquirer, dated Jun. 4, 1862, "Richard was a man of very good abilities, he was called long-headed by his brother John, from his sense of the profoundness of his Judgment. he held a prominent place among the people of the island, was at one time Chief Magistrate. His residence was about half way between the house of our present worthy Sheriff, (1862) and the Eliphalet Paddack house. It has been taken down many years and the locality is very much altered in its appearance. The Gardners owned formerly much of the land adjacent to and surrounding the Lily pond, extending beyond Gardner's Burial Ground and around the swamp on the North Shore Hill, also extending through Egypt (so called) to the present Town Hall, embracing some of the best meadows and grass lots on the island. A part of this territory was called Crooked Records from the lines of the survey not coming together. The Gardner family although not the first family to settle here have always been reckoned among the First Families of the Island. Richard Gardner Sen'r, and his brother Capt. John, exercised much influence in the community here while they lived and they died respected." Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 46

Family Life

Richard Gardner married Sarah Shattuck, daughter of widow Damaris Shattuck who married Thomas Gardner Sen'r as his second wife. Since their eldest son, Joseph, was married in 1670, it is estimated that Richard and Sarah must have been married prior to 1652 in Salem.<ref>Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 47 For information regarding their children, see page 49, page 50, page 51 and page 52. Like nearly all of her Shattuck relations, Sarah was attached to the Society of Friends and suffered much in consequence. In the County Court Records at Salem, Case 57, "5th mo., 1658" "The wife of Richard Gardner was convicted of her frequent being absent from the public ordinances on the Lord's Day, fees of court, 30 shillings." She was brought before the court several times in the next few years, either for neglecting to attend the services at the First Church in Salem or for being present at a "Quaker Meeting." Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 47

In 1662, she was excommunicated from the First Church in Salem for attending the assemblies of the Friends. Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 47

He died "1st mo. 23rd, 1688" (Mar. 23, 1688). His widow died in 1724 in her 93rd year.<ref>Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 49</ref>

Note About Text From Great Migration Begins

:"vii. Richard, b abt 1632 (d. Nantucket 1724, aged 92); m. about 1652Sarah Shattuck, daughter of his stepmother Damaris (_____) Shattuck Gardner (TAG 30:168)."<ref>Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration Begins, p 734

NOTE: But this Anderson entry is incorrect! He mis-read his source (TAG 30:168) and did not check the source that source used! (Nantucket Vital Records). Examination of TAG 30:168 (Anderson's source for the1724 death) implies the 1724 death applies to Richard's wife Sarah (Shattuck) Gardner, not to Richard! And then, analysis of the (published) Nantucket vital records to which the TAG article refers finds this:

:"Gardner, Richard, Mr., Jan. 23, 1688. [Richard, "1st of Nantucket, Came in 1666 from Salem," h. Sarah (sister of Samuel Shattuck), Mar. 23, 1686 [dup. 1688], P.R. 38. 234d 1mo. 1688, P.R. 63.] Vital records of Nantucket, Massachusetts to the year 1850. Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1925-1928. Volume 5, p 317

And on page 318 of the Nantucket vital records, we find: :"[Gardner,] Sarah, w. Richard "1st of Nantucket," sister of Samuel Shattuck, ____, 1724, a. 92, P.R. 38" Vital records of Nantucket, Massachusetts to the year 1850. Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1925-1928. Volume 5, p 318

Therefore:: Richard (2) Gardner, was born in 1626, and died January 23, 1688. [Anderson says 1724.] In 1652 he married Sarah Shattuck, daughter of _____ Shattuck and Damaris Shattuck. Following her father's death, Sarah's mother Damaris married Thomas Gardner, her son-in-law's father.

Sources

  • Edward Norris Wentworth, Jr, The Genealogy of Edward Norris Wentworth Junior," Chicago, IL: June 1928. NOTE: This genealogy does not include source citations.
  • Alexander Starbuck, History of Nantucket, F72.N257 1969
  • Vital records of Nantucket, Massachusetts to the year 1850. Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1925-1928. Volume 5, p 317-319
  • The American Genealogist, 30 (1953):168.
view all 19

Richard Gardner, of Nantucket's Timeline

1621
June 13, 1621
Sherborne, Dorset, England
1651
October 23, 1651
Nantucket, Nantucket, Massachusetts
1653
August 23, 1653
Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States
1658
February 12, 1658
Nantucket, Nantucket, Massachusetts
April 12, 1658
Nantucket, Nantucket, Massachusetts
1660
1660
Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, USA
1660
Chatham, Plymouth Colony
1662
November 21, 1662
Nantucket, Nantucket, Mass.