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Historic Buildings of Hampshire, England

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Historic Buildings of Hampshire


Image right - Beaulieu Palace House

Image - this photo was taken by Przemysław JahrAutorem zdjęcia jest Przemysław JahrWykorzystując zdjęcie proszę podać jako autora:Przemysław Jahr / Wikimedia Commons - Own work, Public Domain,[ WIKI]

The object of this project is to provide information about historic buildings in the county of Gloucestershire, with links to sub-projects for specific buildings as appropriate. GENi profiles of people associated with those establishments can be linked to this project and/or to individual projects where they have been set up.

See Historic Buildings of Britain and Ireland - Main Page

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If you have information about any of the Buildings mentioned below please share it here. If you have ancestors linked to any of the places please add them to the project.


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Names with Bold links are to Geni profiles or projects. Other links take you to external biographical web pages. Please copy and paste the bullet used - ● - instead of * when adding items to the list.

Royal Palaces & Residences

● Osborne House IOW

Portchester Castle - There is a little bit of everything at Portchester Castle; the 9 acre site contains the most complete set of Roman walls in northern Europe, and also houses a Saxon fortress and a medieval royal palace.

Winchester Castle - Begun under William the Conqueror, only the Great Hall of Henry III (1222-35) survived the Civil War intact. The hall houses a huge Round Table, reputed to be that of King Arthur, though it was recently dated to the 13th century.

The Treasure Houses of England

Beaulieu Palace House (Dukes of Montagu) (now owned by Lord Montagu of Beaulieu) Hampshire - 13th-century house located in Beaulieu, Hampshire. Originally part of Beaulieu Abbey, the estate was bought by Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton in 1538, following the Dissolution of the Monasteries and is still owned and occupied by the earl's descendants, the Barons Montagu of Beaulieu. It was created in 1885 for the Conservative politician Lord Henry Montagu Douglas Scott.


Calshot Castle - One of Henry VIII's string of coastal defences, Calshot Castle was built in 1539 to protect the western entry to Southampton Water. The castle was badly damaged during the reign of Queen Elizabeth but was repaired at great cost and served as an artillery defence until the early 20th century.

Hurst Castle - One of Henry VIII's system of coastal forts, completed in 1544, Hurst Castle occupies a position at the end of a long spit of land, projecting into the western end of the Solent. The castle consists of a circular keep with projecting towers, with a large enclosure to the landward side.

Portchester Castle - There is a little bit of everything at Portchester Castle; the 9 acre site contains the most complete set of Roman walls in northern Europe, and also houses a Saxon fortress and a medieval royal palace.

Winchester Castle - Begun under William the Conqueror, only the Great Hall of Henry III (1222-35) survived the Civil War intact. The hall houses a huge Round Table, reputed to be that of King Arthur, though it was recently dated to the 13th century.

Wolvesey Castle (Bishop's Palace) - Wolvesey Castle is a ruined 12th century palace built for the powerful Bishops of Winchester. The first building here was a 10th century Saxon chapel, extended by the second Norman bishop, William Giffard, around 1110. Most of the extensive ruins we can see today were added by Henry of Blois, brother of King Stephen (1129-1171). From the 14th century Wolvesey was used for state occasions rather than a residence. Mary Tudor and Philip of Spain held their wedding banquet here in 1554.

Abbeys and Priories

Bishops Waltham Palace - A moated Bishop's palace built around 1135 for the Bishops of Winchester. The bulk of the surviving structure dates to the 12th and 14th centuries, with a great hall and tower.

Hyde Abbey - Only the 15th century gatehouse remains to remind visitors of this once important abbey on the outskirts of Winchester. Hyde was a Benedictine monastery founded by Edward the Elder, the son of Alfred the Great, on his father's wishes. Alfred and his wife Ealhswith were buried here.

Netley Abbey - See the substantial ruins of a 13th century Cistercian abbey founded by Peter des Roches, Bishop of Winchester, as a daughter house of Beaulieu Abbey. Henry III later became a patron of the abbey, and his name is inscribed on a foundation stone at the base of the north east crossing tower.

Titchfield Abbey - Titchfield Abbey is a fortified manor built upon the ruins of a medieval monastery. The monastery was built in 1237 by the Premonstratensian order. The extensive ruins of the 13th century abbey are dwarfed by an imposing Tudor gatehouse built from the nave of the abbey church.

Historic houses in alphabetical order

Including Manor Houses, Mansions, Stately Homes, Country houses, Estate houses, Courts, Halls, Parks and other listed buildings of historic interest Those marked IOW are on the IOW.


● Adgestone Manor IOW

● Alverstone Manor IOW

● Appleford Manor IOW

● Appley House IOW

● Appley Towers IOW

● Appuldurcombe House IOW

● Apse Manor IOW

● Arreton Manor IOW

● Ashey Manor IOW

Avington Park - A historic Georgian mansion beside the River Itchen. Once the property of Winchester Cathedral, Avington was seized by the crown at the Reformation. Henry VIII granted the estate to Edmund Clerke, who built a banqueting hall.


● Barnsley Manor IOW

● Barton Manor, Whippingham IOW

Basing House - Basing House was once the largest private house in England, the home of William Paulet, Marquess of Winchester in the Tudor period. The house was besieged and destroyed by Oliver Cromwell in the Civil War.

Beaulieu - Beaulieu has a bit of something for everyone; an informal, homely mansion built upon the ruins of a medieval abbey, and the world famous National Motor Museum. At the centre of the estate is Beaulieu Palace House, which began as the 14th century Great Gatehouse of Beaulieu Abbey.

● Beauchamp Manor IOW

● Bigbury Manor IOW

● Billingham Manor IOW

● Blackpan Manor IOW

● Bonchurch Manor IOW

● Borthwood Manor IOW

● Branston Manor IOW

● Bridge Manor IOW

● Briddlesford Manor IOW

Breamore House - A Tudor manor house on the edge of the New Forest, Breamore was built in 1583 for the Dodington family. It was later the home of Edward Hulse, doctor to Queen Anne, George I, and George II. The house boasts a collection of 17th and 18th century portraits, period furniture, porcelain, and fine art. In the grounds is the Mizmaze, a turf maze of medieval origin.

Broadlands - One of England's great stately homes, begun in 1767 by Capability Brown, and completed by Henry Holland. Broadlands was the honeymoon home of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Phillip, but is more famous as the former home of both Lord Mountbatten and Viscount Palmerston. The interiors boast an extensive portrait collection.

Burnford House, Bramshaw - demolished in 1998. In 1871 the home of John Davis Sherston JP if Somerset, landowner. In 1881 - Horatio Girdlestone (1819-1894) MD. In 1942 it was owned by George Medlicott Armstrong and Maud. - Londopn Gazette 26 May 1942

Fox Hunting Recollections mentions William Wyndham and Mr. Codrington in connection with Burnford House.


Chawton House - An Elizabethan manor house which has been the home of the Knight family for over 4 centuries. Chawton was the home of Jane Austen's brother, Edward, who was adopted by his childless Knight cousins, and took the surname Austen Knight.

● Chillingwood Manor IOW

● Clavells Manor IOW

● Cleaveland Manor IOW

● Combley Manor IOW

● Court Manor IOW


● Dimbola Lodge IOW

● Durton Manor IOW


● East Cowes Castle IOW

Eling Tide Mill - Eling is the only original tide mill in the country still open and working as it has done for centuries. Situated at the edge of Southampton Water, Eling mill dates back to the 11th century. The current mill is a comparative youngster, built in the late 18th century.


● Farringford House IOW

Fort Brockhurst - A strikingly unusual moated fort of brick, Fort Brockhurst was built as part of a 19th century plan to defend Portsmouth Harbour. The keep is almost perfectly circular, defended by a moat on one side, with a large parade ground to the rear. Fort Brockhurst is one of the Palmerston Forts, in Gosport, England. It is now an English Heritage property. Fort Brockhurst was designed by William Crossman in the 19th century to protect Portsmouth. With its formidable firepower, its main purpose was to guard the approach from potential landing areas on the south Hampshire coast. Although modern life has encroached on the fort, its fabric remains largely unaltered and the parade ground, gun ramps and moated keep can all be viewed. Constructional details of the casemates are able to be seen due to un-repaired second world war bomb damage at the North-East corner.

Fort Cumberland - Fort Cumberland guards the entrance to Langstone Harbour, to the east of Portsmouth. The fort was built in 1740, but completely rebuilt by the Duke of Richmond over 25 years, from 1785 to 1810.


● Gatcombe House IOW

● Great Budbridge Manor IOW

● Great East Standen Manor IOW

● Grove Manor IOW


● Hale Manor IOW

● Hardingshute Manor IOW

● Hardley Manor IOW

Hartley Mauduit Church - St. Leonards.Hartley Mauduit is a ghost town with all that remains is the Church and a pond.

● Haseley Manor IOW

● Haven Street Manor IOW

● Hill Manor IOW

Hinton Ampner House & Garden - Historic House: The house is tenanted but can also be visited and contains a fine collection of English furniture, Italian paintings and hard-stones.

// House Listed mansion built around 1700 by John Limbrey. - William Lutley Sclater and Philip Lutley Sclater

Image from Right Move advertisement

● Holloway Manor IOW

● Horringford Manor IOW

Houghton Lodge - a Grade II listed fishing lodge on the River Test in Hampshire, built c.1800, possibly by John Nash for the Pitt-Rivers family.

● Huffingford Manor IOW




● Kern Manor IOW

King James Gate - King James's Gate is an ornamental gateway that formed part of the town defences of Portsmouth. The gate was built in 1687, across what is now Broad Street. It was later moved from its original site, and now forms the entry to the United Services Recreation Ground on Burnaby Road.

● Knighton Gorges Manor IOW


● Langbridge Manor IOW

● Landguard ManorI OW

Landport Gate - A ceremonial gateway that was once the main entrance to Portsmouth. The gate was built in 1760, possibly designed by Nicholas Hawksmoor. The gate is built of Portland stone, and originally stood before a moat, crossed by a drawbridge.

Laverstoke MIll Builtt by Henry Portal in the 18th Century for Papermaking on a site where there was probably a watermill on site since Doomsday. English Heritage Laverstoke Mill gives a full description of Portal's Paper Mill which later became the home of Bombay Sapphire Distillery.

● Lee Manor IOW


Medieval Merchant's House Southampton, Hampshire - A 13th century house that is one of the few surviving medieval townhouses in England. The house has been restored to what it might have looked like in the 14th century. 58 French Street

● Merstone Manor IOW

● Milton Manor IOW

● Mirables IOW

● Morton Manor IOW

Mottisfont Abbey - This 12th-century Augustinian priory was converted into a private house after the Dissolution and still retains the spring or 'font' from which its name is derived. The abbey contains a drawing-room decorated by Rex Whistler and Derek Hill's 20th-century picture collection.


● Norris Castle IOW

Northington Grange - A 17th century mansion built for Sir Robert Henley, Northington Grange was one of the earliest houses in England built in classical Greek style. The original design was later drastically altered to resemble a Greek temple, making it quite unusable for habitation! The Prince Regent (later George IV) stayed here briefly. One of the best examples of Greek Revival style in the country



● Park Manor IOW

● Perreton Manor IOW

● Pidford Manor IOW

● Princelet Manor IOW


● Quarr Abbey House IOW


● Redway Manor IOW

● Rew Manor IOW

● Rookley Manor IOW

● Roud Manor IOW

● Rowborough Manor IOW

● Ryde Manor IOW

● Rylstone Manor IOW


● Sandown Manor IOW

● Scotlesford Manor IOW

● Sheat Manor IOW

● Smallbrook Manor IOW

● St. Clare Castle IOW

St Cross Hospital - The oldest almshouse in England still in use; St Cross Hospital was founded in 1132. A further 15th century almshouse was added to the foundation, creating a wonderful cluster of medieval buildings with the 12th century Norman church of St Cross. A real gem.

● Standen House IOW

Stansted Park - A delightful 17th century mansion that recreates the experience of an Edwardian country house. Stansted was built for Richard Lumley in 1688, and rebuilt as exactly as possible following a fire in 1900. Visitors see a variety of formal rooms, but also get a chance to see 'below stairs', delving into servants quarters.

● Staplehurst Manor IOW

● Steephill Manor IOW

● Stenbury Manor IOW

● Swainston Manor IOW


● Thorley Manor IOW

Tichborne House is the infamous seat that was the centre of the longest civil court cases in history. In 1865, an imposter called Arthur Orton – better known nowadays as the ‘Tichborne Claimant’– attempted to convince the family into believing that he was the heir to the estate, some time after the true heir, Roger Tichborne had been lost at sea in 1854. The family successfully defended the estate in what was, until recently, the longest civil court case in history.

See WIKI Tichborne case

In the 12th century, Lady Mabella de Tichborne, requested that her husband should give the poor flour – or a Dole – of bread. Sir Roger Tichborne agreed, only to give the value of as much land as she could crawl around carrying a flaming torch.

After crawling around 23 acres, Lady Mabella put a curse on the house that if the Dole was ever stopped, a generation of 7 sons, followed by a generation of 7 daughters would end the family line. The custom was continued until 1794 when it was stopped due to over-popularity. There then ensued a generation of seven sons and then seven daughters. The Dole was reinstated and the practice of handing out the Tichborne Dole to parishioners continues to this day on March 25.

William Wilkins was Head Coachman at Tichborne House.


The Vyne - Built in the early 16th-century for Lord Sandys, Henry VIII's Lord Chamberlain, The Vyne acquired a classical portico in the mid-17th-century (the first of its kind in England). It contains a fascinating Tudor chapel with Renaissance glass, a Palladian staircase and a wealth of old panelling and fine furniture. The attractive grounds feature herbaceous borders and a wild garden with lawns, lakes and woodland walks.


● Wackland Manor IOW

The Wakes, Selborne - Gilbert White's House and Oates Museum - 18th century naturalist Rev Gilbert White can claim to be one of the pioneers of ecological study. He lived at The Wakes in the lovely Hampshire village of Selborne and it was here that he wrote the fabulously popular 'Natural History of Selborne'.

● Westcourt Manor IOW

● Winston Manor IOW

● Wode Manor IOW

● Wolverton Manor IOW

● Woodhouse Manor IOW

● Woodlands Vale IOW

● Woolverton Manor IOW

● Wooton Manor IOW

● Wroxall Manor IOW


● Yaverland Manor IOW

References and Sources

Hampshire Specific


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Other Pages for Historic Buildings of English Counties

// Bedfordshire

// Berkshire

// Buckinghamshire

// Cambridgeshire

// Cheshire

// Cornwall

// Isles of Scilly

// County Durham

// Historic Buildings of Cumberland - Today's Cumbria includes parts of the historic counties of Westmorland and Lancashire

// Derbyshire

// Devon

// Dorset

// Essex

// Gloucestershire

// Herefordshire

// Hertfordshire

// Huntingdonshire

// Kent

// Lancashire

// Leicestershire

// Lincolnshire

// Middlesex (inc. London)

// Norfolk

// Northamptonshire

// Northumberland

// Nottinghamshire

// Oxfordshire

// Rutland now East Midlands

// Shropshire (Salop)

// Somerset

// Staffordshire

// Suffolk

// Surrey

// Historic Buildings of Sussex divided into two projects

// East Sussex
// West Sussex

// Warwickshire

// Westmorland Now Cumbria/Cumberland

// Wiltshire

// Worcestershire

// Yorkshire


// this project is in History Link