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  • Leopold II Habsbug-Lothringen (1747 - 1792)
    Full title: Leopold II, By the Grace of God, Holy Roman Emperor; King of Germany, Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Galicia, Lodomeria, Rama, Serbia, Cumania and Bulgaria; Archduke of Aust...
  • Lothar III von Süpplingenburg, Holy Roman Emperor (1075 - 1137)
    Lothair III von Supplinburg (9 June 1075, Unterlüß – 4 December 1137), was Duke of Saxony (1106), King of Germany (1125), and Holy Roman Emperor from 1133 to 1137. The son of Count Gebhard of Supplinbu...
  • Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor (1552 - 1612)
    Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search "Rudolf II" redirects here. For 13th century Duke of Austria, see Rudolf II, Duke of Austria. R...
  • Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (1017 - 1056)
    Heinrich III. (* 28. Oktober 1017; † 5. Oktober 1056 in Bodfeld, Harz) aus der Familie der Salier war von 1039 bis zu seinem Tod 1056 römisch-deutscher König und seit 1046 Kaiser. (English) Leben...
  • Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor (1050 - 1106)
    and in German: Henry IV (German: Heinrich IV; 11 November 1050 – 7 August 1106) was King of Germany from 1056 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1084 until his forced abdication in 1105. He was the ...

For naming conventions, see Medieval Kingdoms of Western Europe.

The Holy Roman Empire was a realm that existed for about a millennium in Central Europe, ruled by a Holy Roman Emperor. Its character changed during the Middle Ages and the Early Modern period, when the power of the emperor gradually weakened in favour of the princes. In its last centuries, its character became quite close to a union of territories. Note that even though the name states it as a "Roman" empire, the Holy Roman Empire was populated primarily by Germans.

List of Holy Roman Emperors

Emperors before Otto the Great

Carolingian dynasty

Guideschi dynasty

Carolingian dynasty

Bosonid dynasty

Unruoching dynasty

Holy Roman Emperors (Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reiches)

Ottonian (Saxon) dynasty

Salian (Frankish) dynasty

Supplinburger dynasty

Staufen (or Hohenstaufen) dynasty

Welf dynasty

Staufen (or Hohenstaufen) dynasty

House of Luxembourg

House of Wittelsbach

House of Luxembourg

House of Habsburg

House of Wittelsbach

House of Habsburg-Lorraine