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The purpose of this project is to gather together information about naturalists and connect to GENi profiles of those whose speciality was/is in natural history, especially in the study of plants and animals. This is a universal project. Please link profiles to the project, no matter where from or whether of note. Any notable naturalist can be added to the list below

Image right - Charles Darwin Naturalist

A person who specialises in natural history, especially in the study of plants and animals in their natural surroundings.

An alternate meaning - one who believes in and follows the tenets of naturalism.

Naturalism (philosophy) is any of several philosophical stances wherein all phenomena or hypotheses commonly labeled as supernatural are either false or not inherently different from natural phenomena or hypotheses - in Art and Literature

People linked to this project may also be linked to the following projects -

// Botanists
// Ornitholgists
// Zoologists

Naturalists are primarily zoologists or botanists who promote an appreciation of the natural world, acting as a link between environment and the uninformed public, educating them about the natural world and its processes. They teach how human activity affects the environment, natural resources and the living beings that inhabit the earth, and also demonstrate how interested parties can protect the environment.

Charles Darwin the 19th century naturalist made significant contributions to the evolutionary theory. The famous painter John James Audubon was also a naturalist who published the ‘Birds of America’. American ornithologist Florence Merriam was a pioneer in her field who campaigned against the mistreatment and unnecessary killing of birds. The writer Rachel Carson was one of the first people who made people understand the evils of pollution and played a key role in the establishment of the Environmental Protection Agency in the U.S. Jane Goodall is the world's foremost expert on chimpanzees also the UN Messenger of Peace. David Attenborough has for over 60 years been the voice of natural history programmes around the world. His contributions in broadcasting and wildlife film-making are unparalleled.

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Famous Naturalists



  • Steve Backsall
  • Georges Louis Leclerc Buffon (1707-1788) was a naturalist and French author, who will be always remembered for his extensive work on natural history.
  • John Burroughs


  • David M Carroll
  • Rachel Carson (1907-1964)
  • John Chapman a.k.a. Johnny Appleseed
  • William Clark
  • DeWitt Clinton (1769-1828)
  • George Cuvier (1769-1832)



  • Sylvia Earle - pioneering marine biologist and staunch defender of the sea and its creatures


  • James Henry Fleming (1872-1940) - Canadian ornithologist WIKI


  • Jane Goodall


  • Frances Hammerstrom
  • Duff Hart-Davis
  • Alexander van Humboldt (1769-1859)





  • Edward J Laurent
  • Meriwether Lewis


  • Florence Merriam
  • Maria Sibylla Merian (1769-1832)
  • Enos Mills - "father of Rocky Mountain National Park
  • John Muir (1838-1914) born in Scotland, also known as the ‘Father of National Parks’, was a famous American conservationist, writer, naturalist and explorer, who promoted the conservation of wildlife in the United States of America and around the world.






  • John Ray (1627-1705) - parson-naturalist, one of the most eminent naturalists of the 17th century.


  • Viktor Schauberger


  • Freeman Tilden




References, Sources and Further Reading

// this project is in History Link