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  • John Brooks Henderson (1870 - 1923)
    . John Brooks Henderson Jr. (February 18, 1870 – January 4, 1923) was an American diplomat, educator, and malacologist. Early life Henderson was born in Pike County, Missouri on February 18, 1870...
  • Olli Juhani Järvinen (1950 - 1990)
  • Valentin Lvovich Bianki (1857 - 1920)
  • Elizabeth S. Russell (1913 - 2001)
    Elizabeth Shull Russell (May 1, 1913 – May 28, 2001), also known as "Tibby" Russell, was an American biologist in the field of mammalian developmental genetics, spending most of her career at the Jac...
  • Aaron Franklin Shull (1881 - 1961)
    Aaron Franklin Shull (1 August 1881 – 7 November 1961) was an American zoologist and professor at the University of Michigan. He contributed to studies on genetics and evolution. He was noted as an i...


Zoologists study the structure, physiology, development and classification of animals.

Image Right - Conrad Gesner (1516-1565)

The purpose of this project is to gather together information about zoologists and connect to GENi profiles of those whose speciality was/is in natural history, especially in the study of plants and animals. This is a universal project. Please link profiles to the project, no matter where from or whether of note. Any notable zoologists can be added to the list below

A zoologist is someone who studies the behaviour, origins, genetics, diseases and life progression of animals and wildlife. There are a variety of ways that a zoologist can specialize and there are many diverse jobs in this field.

Zoology - or animal biology is the branch of biology that relates to the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct, and how they interact with their ecosystems.

Derivation - from Ancient Greek ζῷον, zōon, i.e. "animal" and λόγος, logos, i.e. "knowledge, study"

Zoology includes the following sub-disciplines:

  • Zoography, also known as descriptive zoology, describes animals and their habitats
  • Comparative anatomy studies the structure of animals - the study of similarities and differences in the anatomy of different species.
  • Animal physiology - is the scientific study of the normal function in living systems.[2] A sub-discipline of biology, its focus is in how organisms, organ systems, organs, cells, and bio-molecules carry out the chemical or physical functions that exist in a living system.
  • Behavioral ecology - is the study of the evolutionary basis for animal behavior due to ecological pressures.
  • Ethology studies animal behavior
  • Invertebrate zoology - is the biological discipline that consists of the study of invertebrate animals, i.e. animals without a backbone (a structure which is found only in fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.)

Sub-divisions of invertebrate zoology -

  • Arthropodology - the study of arthropods, which includes
  • Arachnology - the study of spiders and other arachnids
  • Entomology - the study of insects
  • Carcinology - the study of crustaceans
  • Myriapodology - the study of centipedes, millipedes, and other myriapods
  • Cnidariology - the study of Cnidaria
  • Helminthology - the study of parasitic worms.
  • Malacology - the study of mollusks, which includes
  • Conchology - the study of Mollusk shells.
  • Limacology - the study of slugs.
  • Teuthology - the study of cephalopods.
  • Invertebrate paleontology - the study of fossil invertebrates
  • Vertebrate zoology - is the biological discipline that consists of the study of Vertebrate animals, i.e. animals with a backbone such as fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.

Sub-divisions of Vertebrate zoology are

  • Ichthyology - the study of fishes.
  • Mammalogy - the study of mammals.
  • Ornithology - the study of birds.
  • Herpetology is the branch of zoology concerned with the study of amphibians (including frogs, toads, salamanders, newts, and caecilians (gymnophiona)) and reptiles (including snakes, lizards, amphisbaenids, turtles, terrapins, tortoises, crocodilians, and the tuataras).
  • Batrachology is a further sub-discipline of herpetology concerned with the study of amphibians alone.
  • Soil zoology - is the study of animals living fully or partially in the soil (soil fauna).
  • Paleontology lies on the border between biology and geology, but differs from archaeology in that it excludes the study of anatomically modern humans. Loosely speaking it can be included under zoology as it is "the study of ancient life" - Vertebrate paleontology concentrates on fossils of vertebrates, from the earliest fish to the immediate ancestors of modern mammals. Invertebrate paleontology deals with fossils of invertebrates such as molluscs, arthropods, annelid worms and echinoderms.

See also

// Naturalists

// Ornitholgists

Zoologists study the structure, physiology, development and classification of animals. They also study the habitats and ecology of animals. Zoology as a branch of life sciences involves work with animals, either in natural surroundings or in captivity. Because of the vastness of the animal kingdom, some zoologists specialise in one of the various branches that fall under this category. They may also choose to focus on whole organisms or parts of an organism. Zoologists conduct analytical and experimental research. They work in the field observing animals and their habitats and collect samples for analysis. They also serve in teaching positions in universities and undertake research.

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Famous Zoologists

Names with Bold links are to Geni profiles or projects. Other links take you to external biographical web pages.


  • Florentino Ameghino (1854-1911)
  • Peter Christen Asbjørnsen Norwegian writer and zoologist
  • Sir David Frederick Attenborough is a broadcaster and naturalist. He is best known for writing and presenting the nine Life series, in conjunction with the BBC Natural History Unit, which together form a complete survey of all life on the planet.


  • Alexandre Brongniart (1770-1847)


  • Archie Carr III – American biologist- He was the founder of Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary in the nation of Belize. Carr worked closely with American biologist Alan Rabinowitz in convincing the government of Belize of the importance of that land area to the survival of the jaguar species.
  • Rachel Carson (1907-1964)
  • Charles Chilton (1860 – 1929) was a New Zealand zoologist
  • Theodore Dru Alison Cockerell (1866-1948)
  • George Cuvier (1769-1832)


  • James Dwight Dana (1813-1895)
  • Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882)
  • Clinton Richard Dawkins – British – Richard Dawkins is an ethologist, evolutionary biologist and author. Dawkins came to fame with his 1976 book The Selfish Gene, which popularized the gene-centered view of evolution and introduced the term meme.
  • Louis-Jean-Marie Daubenton (1716-1800)



  • James Henry Fleming (1872-1940) - Canadian ornithologist WIKI
  • Dian Fossey (1932-1985) - American zoologist- She had an extensive study of gorilla groups over a period of 18 years.
  • Frederick William Frohawk - English- He was a zoological artist and lepidopterist. Frohawk was the author of Natural History of British Butterflies (1914), The Complete Book of British Butterflies (1934) and Varieties of British Butterflies (1938)


  • Conrad Gesner (1516–1565). His Historiae animalium is considered the beginning of modern zoology.
  • Dame Jane Morris Goodall – British - She worked in the field of primatologist, ethologist, anthropologist, and UN Messenger of Peace. She is considered to be the world’s leading specialist on chimpanzees
  • John R. Gregg (1916-2009)


  • Jack Hanna (1947 - )
  • Francis Harper (1886-1972)
  • Victor Hensen (1835-1924)




  • Alfred Kinsey (1894-1956)
  • Hans-Wilhelm Koepcke (1914-200)
  • John Krebs, Baron Krebs (1945-) English zoologist in the field of behavioural ecology of birds. Is currently the President of the British Science Association.
  • Peter Kropotkin (1842-1921)


  • Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1744 – 1829) in 1801, he published Système des animaux sans vertèbres, a major work on the classification of invertebrates. In his 1809 Philosophie Zoologique he described his theory of inheritance of acquired characteristics, called soft inheritance or Lamarckism.
  • Konrad Zacharias Lorenz (1903-1989)was an Austrian scientist who specialised in zoology and ornithology; however he made his biggest contribution in the field of ethology and is regarded as the founding father of this particular branch of science.


  • Aubrey Manning
  • Ernst Mayr (1904-2005)
  • Eli Metchnikoff (1845-1916)
  • Alphonse Milne-Edwards (1835-1900)
  • Karl Möbius (1825-1908)
  • Desmond Morris


  • Thomas Nuttall (1786-1859)





  • Emil Racoviță (1868-1947)
  • Oscar Riddle (1877-1968)
  • Giovanni Antonio Risso Italian Zoologist, Botanist and Geologist
  • Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild (1868-1937)


  • Eugen Schuhmacher (1906-1973)
  • Su Song (1020-1101)
  • Roger W Sperry (1913-1994)


  • Charles Wyville Thomson (1830-1882)
  • Charles Henry Turner (1867-1923)


  • Addison Emery Verrill (1839-1926)


  • James D Watson (1928 - )
  • Dean Conant Worcester (1866-1924)


References, Sources and Further Reading

// this project is in History Link