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  • Field Marshal Gustaf David Hamilton, till Barsebäck (1699 - 1788)
    Gustav David bodde förmodligen både i Malmö och Göteborg innan han 1716 blev volontär vid Livdragonregementet. Han avancerade till kornett 1718 då han tog avsked för att fortsätta den militära utbi...
  • Lt. Gen. Carl Ulrik Ridderstolpe, till Fiholm (1773 - 1846)
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  • Maj. Gen. Carl von Axelson (1739 - 1795)
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The Queen Dowager's Life Regiment


The Queen Dowager's Life Regiment was a Swedish infantry regiment that operated from 1742 to 1808. In the beginning, the regiment operated under various names, typically under the name of the commander of the regiment.


Following the support of the regiment to the coup d'état by Gustaf III in 1772, the regiment was awarded with the title of The Queen Dowager's Life Regiment. The regiment was dismantled following its capitulation in 1808 during the Finnish War of 1808-1809, handing the Suomenlinna fortress over to the Russians.


The aim of this project is to collect profiles of individuals who served in the regiment in it.

All help is welcome and highly appreciated. Also needed... So....

Act I

The regiment was established in southern Sweden in 1742. In the beginning the regiment went under the name of is commanders. The regiment was established by Colonel Gustaf David Hamilton, and ended up first bearing his name, Hamilton's Regiment.

A complete list of individualswho served under Hamilton's can be found behind the hyperlink.

From the onset in 1742, the regiment served in the South of Sweden. In 1753 the regiment was commissioned for fortification of the fortress Suomenlinna, located strategically right in front of Helsinki.

In 1759 the the regiment changed command, now headed by Colonel Magnus Daniel Lilliesvärd, and it subsequently become known as the Lilliesvärd's regiment.

In 1761 the regiment was commissioned to Stockholm, the command was appointed to Carl Fredrik von Liewen, and, so was the name of the regiment. The period under von Liewen's command was short. The following year, in 1762 the regiment was transferred back to Suomenlinna, with Anders Henrik Ramsay as the next commander. The regiment would be stationed in Suomenlinna until 1808.

During this transition, the name of the regiment was officially changed to Prince Fredrik Adolf's infantry regiment when he, at least nominally, became the new commander of the regiment.

In 1766, the commander changed from Ramsay to Otto Jacob Zöge von Manteuffel. In 1771, the regiment changed its name to Manteuffel's regiment.

Act II

In 1772, the officers of the regiment supported the coup d'état by Gustaf III. Following a successful coup, the regiment was awarded with the title of The Queen Dowager's Life Regiment.

The Queen in question is Gustaf III's mother, Louisa Ulrika of Prussia, who was a sister to Frederik the Great.

In 1773, a third battalion of the regiment in Stockholm. established awas set up in Stockholm, but in 1793 the third battalion in Stockholm was detached from The Queen Dowager's and it become a separate light infantry regiment.

Act III

When the Finnish War of 1808-1809 broke out, The Queen Dowager's were still stationed in Suomenlinna, and responsible for is defense. The fortress had internationally received the reputation of being "the Gibraltar of the North", and was by some assumed to be impregnable. And so it was. Suomenlinna was under a siege of the Russians for two months, then i just capitulated.

The Finns are not good in surrendering, just ask the Russians. Capitulation, thus, was widely considered as a cowardly act of treason. The blame for it fell for a Finnish-born commander of of Suomenlinna, Carl Olof Cronstedt. He was even accused of selling the capitulation in exchange for money. When Johan Ludvig Runeberg, who is even called as The National Poet of Finland, wrote his masterpiece on the Finnish War called The Tales of Ensign Ståhl, in his poem regarding the capitulation of Suomenlinna, he writes about Cronstedt, without even mentioning his name in disdain, and talks about treason, wishing him for painful death.

Lately, however, many historians have re-evaluated the action of Cronstedt. His decision to surrender the fortress is now perceived as a sole humanitarian act. He didn't get any help from Sweden, he knew that Sweden was doomed for defeat, and while he could have hold Suomenlinna, it would have been in vain, only resulting in casualties. Not just his men, but civilian casualties, too. Many civilians, including children and women, had fled from Helsinki to Suomenlinna. Cronstedt knew full well what would fall on him personally. And chose not to have people die over nothing.

The last commander of The Queen Dowager's was Axel Gabriel Leijonhufvud who served in Suomenlinna at the time of the capitulation, thus becoming a POW himself.

After the war ended in 1809 the regiment was dissolved as such, and the remains of it formed The Royal Göta Life Guard Regiment which was operational to the onset of the Second World War in 1939.

Varia

Commanders of the regiment.


Bold font face flags the individuals with the links in English. (Not everything adds up here).

  1. 1742-1759: Gustaf David Hamilton
  2. 1759-1761: Magnus Daniel Lilliesvärd
  3. 1761-1762: Carl Fredrik von Liewen
  4. 1762-1766: Anders Henrik Ramsay
  5. 1766-1782: Otto Jacob Zöge von Manteuffel.
  6. 1782-1791: Carl Pfeiff
  7. 1791-1793: Hans Leonard Svedenhielm
  8. 1793-1806: ?
  9. 1801-1808: Carl Olof Cronstedt
  10. 1808-1808: Axel Gabriel Leijonhufvud

Trivia

The song, March of the Björneborgers, which now is the honorary march of the Finnish Defence Forces and is played (only rarely sung) for the Commander-in-Chief, i.e. the President of Finland, therefore corresponding to the Hail to the Chief in the USA, was originally called as the March of the Queen Dowager, and the honorary march of the Queen Dowager's.

One individual who was a clarinetist in the Queen Dowager's was Bernhard Crusell. According to his Wikipedia page in English, he was not a Finn but a Swede, as well as better and a more famous composer than Jean Sibelius. On his Wikipedia page in Finnish, he is said to be a Finn, as often times is the case with people who are born in Finland to a Finnish parents. You can take a man out of Finland but not take Finland out of a man. No comparison to Sibelius is made. His Wikipedia page in Swedish says he was a "finlandssvensk." Indeed, if you are a foreigner, and study Finnish profiles, you may be lured to believe tha Finland still is part of Sweden, and the capitol of Finland is Helsingfjord.

The outcome of the Finnish War of 1808-1809 sill haunts the Finland's Swedes who would rather prefer to be subjects to the Queens Silvia and Greta than be lead the 95% Finnish majority of the Finns in Finland. Some Finland's Swedish Geni curators instantly block Geni users who dare call the capitol of Finland as "Helsinki". But the majority of Finns sort of like their independence. From both the Swedes and the Russians. Like a Swedish (?) fennoman, Johan Vilhelm Snellman so eloquently put it: "We are not Swedes; Russians can we never become; let us therefore be Finns."

The jacket which is the project picture is a one used by The Queen Dowager's.

There's a book out on the Adventures of The Queen Dowager's in Finland. Read it. Now.


https://s3.amazonaws.com/photos.geni.com/p13/a7/cd/3d/1e/5344485546cf1d0f/queen_dowagers_4_wide__large.jpg





Änkedrottningens livregemente


Änkedrottningens livregemente var ett svenskt värvat infanteriregemente som verkade under många namn från 1742 till 1808. Regementet var en föregångare till Göta livgarde.

Regementet härstammar från det av överste Gustaf David Hamilton uppsatta regementet som fick hans namn. Det sattes upp i södra Sverige 1742.

Regementet kommenderades 1753 till bygget av Sveaborg. År 1759 bytte förbandet överste, och därmed namn till Lilliesvärds regemente regemente, samma sak skedde 1761 då regementet blev känt som (von) Liewens regemente.

Efter en kortare tid i Stockholm fördes förbandet 1762, samtidigt som det bytte namn till Prins Fredrik Adolfs värvade infanteriregemente då denne blev överste och chef. Regementet skickades åter över till i Finland där det blev kvar. År 1771 bytte regementet namn efter sin nye överste och blev Manteuffels regemente.

Följande år stötte regimens officerare Gustav III:s statskupp som genomfördes av kung Gustav III i Stockholm, Kristianstad och - Sveaborg - den 19 augusti 1772, och ledde till införandet av 1772 års regeringsform. Som resultat, kungamakten stärktes, och en maktdelning mellan riksdag och konung kom till stånd igen efter Frihetstidens ständervälde.

för att året efter, 1772, bli Änkedrottningens livregemente. År 1773 sattes en tredje bataljon upp i Stockholm men 1793 bröts den tredje bataljonen ur Änkedrottningens regemente loss och bildade Den värvade bataljonen av livregementets lätta infanteri. Under Finska kriget 1808 utgjorde regementet garnisonstrupp på Sveaborg och upplöstes i samband med fästningens kapitulation i maj 1808. Manskap som därefter fanns kvar överfördes till Andra gardesregementet, som senare bytte namn till Göta Livgarde.

Förbandschefer

Nedan anges regementscheferna mellan 1742 och 1808. Hertig Fredrik Adolf var titulärchef 1761-1771. Änkedrottning Lovisa Ulrika var titulärchef 1772 fram till sin död 1782.

  1. 1742-1759: Gustaf David Hamilton
  2. 1759-1761: Magnus Daniel Lilliesvärd
  3. 1761-1762: Carl Fredrik von Liewen
  4. 1762-1766: Anders Henrik Ramsay
  5. 1766-1782: Otto Jacob Zöge von Manteuffel.
  6. 1782-1791: Carl Pfeiff
  7. 1791-1793: Hans Leonard Svedenhielm
  8. 1793-1806: ?
  9. 1801-1808: Carl Olof Cronstedt
  10. 1808-1808: Axel Gabriel Leijonhufvud


Leskikuningattaren henkirykmentti


Leskikuningattaren henkirykmentti oli ruotsalainen jalkaväkirykmentti. Rykmentti perustettiin alun perin etelä-Ruotsissa. Aluksi rykmenttiä kutsuttiin komentajiensa mukaan, ensimmäiseksi Hamiltonin rykmentiksi.

Vuonna 1772 rykmentin upseerit tukivat Kustaa III:n tekemää vallankaappausta. Palkinnoksi tästä rykmentti nimettiin Leskikuningattaren henkirykmentiksi. Rykmentti lakkautetiin 1808 kesken Suomen sodan, Suomenlinnan antautumisen jälkeen, rykmentin oltua vastuussa Suomenlinnasta.

Ensimmäinen näytös

Rykmentti, joka myöhemmin tultiin tuntemaan nimellä Leskikuningattaren henkirykmentti, oli jalkaväkirykmentti joka perustettiin Etlä-Ruotsissa 1742. Ennen rykmentin nimeämistä Leskikuningattaren henkirykmentiksi, kutsuttiin sitä komentajiensa mukaan. Ensimmäinen heistä oli eversti Gustaf David Hamilton, jota pidetään rykmentin perustajana, ja näin rykmentin toiminta alkoi Hamiltonin rykmenttinä.

Vuonna 1753 rykmentti siirrettiin Etelä-Ruotsista palvelemaan Suomenlinnaan ja vastaamaan sen rakentamisesta ja ylläpidosta. Ainakin jokseenkin täydellinen lista Hamiltonin rykmentissä palvelleista henkilöistä löytyy täältä.

Vuonna 1759 rykmentin komentaja vaihtui. Uusi komentaja oli eversti Magnus Daniel Lilliesvärd, ja hänen mukaansa entinen Hamiltonin rykmenti sai nimen Lilliesvärdin rykmentti (joskus muodossa Lillieswärd.).

Vuonna 1761 rykmentti siiryi Tukholmaan, ja rykmentin johtajaksi vaintui Carl Fredrik von Liewen, ja samalla myös rykmentin nimi vaihtui, vaihtelevasti joko Liewenin tai von Liewenin rykmentiksi. von Liewenin aika rykmentin pukoissa jäi lyhyeksi, sillä seuraavana vuonna rykmentti siirrettiin takaisin Suomenlinnaan. Vast'edes rykmentti tulisi pysymään Suomenlinnassa aina kohtalokkaaseen vuoteen 1808.

Suomenlinnassa 1762 rykmentin komennon sai Anders Henrik Ramsay. Rykmentin nimeksi ei kuitenkaan virallisesti tullut Ramsayn rykmentti, vaan nimellisesti rykmentin johtajaksi nousi Itä-Götanmaan herttua, prinssi Fredrik Adolf.

Kun vuonna 1766 Ramsayta rykmentin komenajana seurasi kenraalimajuri Otto Zöge von Manteuffel, palattiin nimessä vanhaan käytäntöön ja nimeen Manteuffelin rykmentti.

Toinen näytös

Vuodesta 1753 rykmentti palveli Suomenlinnassa aina vuoteen 1808 ja Suomenlinnan antautumiseen saakka, minkä jälkeen rykmentti lakkautettiin.===

voittoisaa vallankaappausta ja siitä palkkioksi rykmentti sai samana vuonna Leskikuningattaren henkirykmentin nimen. Leskikuningatar oli Kustaa III:n äiti Loviisa Ulrika.

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustav_David_Hamilton '''Hamiltonin''']

[https://fi.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kustaa_III

Rykmentti palveli vuodesta 1753 lähtien Viaporissa.

Following the support of the regiment to the coup d'état by Gustaf III in 1772, the regiment was awarded with the title of The Queen Dowager's Life Regiment. The regiment was dismantled following its capitulation in 1808 during the Finnish War of 1808-1809, handing the Suomenlinna fortress over to the Russians.

  • Projekti kerää rykmenttiin kuuluneiden profiileja.
  • Projekti kuuluu pääprojektiin Finnish Military.

Leskikuningattaren henkirykmentti 1742 - 1808

Rykmentti soitti ensimmäisenä Suomessa Porilaisten marssia, josta käytettiin silloin vielä nimeä Leskikuningattaren marssi. Bernhard Bernhard Crusell oli klarinetin soittajana rykmentin orkesterissa.

Rykmentin toiminta- ja majoitusalueet

  • Etelä-Ruotsi ja Suomi 1742 - 1753
  • Suomenlinna 1753 - 1808

Alussa nimi vaihteli komentajan mukaan.

  • Hamiltonin rykmentti 1742-1759
  • Lillieswärdin rykmentti 1759-1761
  • von Liewenin rykmentti 1761-1762

Hamiltonin rykmentin koko miehistö, luettelo aakkosjärjestyksessä

www.finna.fi/Cover/Show?id=musketti_tmk.M20%3ATMM8938&index=0&size=large
Leskikuningattaren henkivartiorykmentin asetakki m/1779 Turun museokeskus (CC BY-ND 4.0) https://www.finna.fi/Record/musketti_tmk.M20:TMM8938

Leskikuningattaren henkirykmentin komentajat.


(Tässä kaikki ei täsmää...)

  1. 1742-1759: Gustaf David Hamilton
  2. 1759-1761: Magnus Daniel Lilliesvärd
  3. 1761-1762: Carl Fredrik von Liewen
  4. 1762-1766: Anders Henrik Ramsay
  5. 1766-1782: Otto Jacob Zöge von Manteuffel.
  6. 1782-1791: Carl Pfeiff
  7. 1791-1793: Hans Leonard Svedenhielm
  8. 1793-1806: ?
  9. 1801-1808: Carl Olof Cronstedt
  10. 1808-1808: Axel Gabriel Leijonhufvud

Triviaa

The song, March of the Björneborgers, which now is the honorary march of the Finnish Defence Forces and is played (only rarely sung) for the Commander-in-Chief, i.e. the President of Finland, therefore corresponding to the Hail to the Chief in the USA, was originally called as the March of the Queen Dowager, and the honorary march of the Queen Dowager's.

One individual who was a clarinetist in the Queen Dowager's was Bernhard Crusell. According to his Wikipedia page in English, he was not a Finn but a Swede, as well as better and a more famous composer than Jean Sibelius. On his Wikipedia page in Finnish, he is said to be a Finn, as often times is the case with people who are born in Finland to a Finnish parents. You can take a man out of Finland but not take Finland out of a man. No comparison to Sibelius is made. His Wikipedia page in Swedish says he was a "finlandssvensk." Indeed, if you are a foreigner, and study Finnish profiles, you may be lured to believe tha Finland still is part of Sweden, and the capitol of Finland is Helsingfjord.

The outcome of the Finnish War of 1808-1809 sill haunts the Finland's Swedes who would rather prefer to be subjects to the Queens Silvia and Greta than be lead the 95% Finnish majority of the Finns in Finland. Some Finland's Swedish Geni curators instantly block Geni users who dare call the capitol of Finland as "Helsinki". But the majority of Finns sort of like their independence. From both the Swedes and the Russians. Like a Swedish (?) fennoman, Johan Vilhelm Snellman so eloquently put it: "We are not Swedes; Russians can we never become; let us therefore be Finns."

Projektin oletuskuvana oleva uniformun takki kuului Leskikuningattaren henkirykmentin uniformuihn

Leskikuningattaren henkirykmentin vaiheista Suomessa on hiljan julkaistu kirja. Lue se.


https://s3.amazonaws.com/photos.geni.com/p13/a7/cd/3d/1e/5344485546cf1d0f/queen_dowagers_4_wide__large.jpg