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  • Ida Haendel, CBE (1928 - 1989)
    Ida Haendel CBE (15 December 1928 – 1 July 2020) was a Polish-British-Canadian violinist. Haendel was a Jewish child prodigy, her career spanning over seven decades. She also became an influential teac...
  • Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky (1866 - 1944)
    Kandinsky Family Tree - Beginning from 1600's * Wassily Kandinsky Biography* Vassily Kandinsky Russiapedia* Kandinsky Paintings
  • Sergei Eisenstein (1898 - 1948)
    Google celebrated Sergei Eisenstein’s 120th birthday with a Doodle on January 22, 2018: Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein (Russian: Сергей Михайлович Эйзенштейн; 22 January [O.S. 10 January] 1898 – 11 Feb...
  • Woody Allen
    Woody Allen (born Allen Stewart Königsberg) is an American screenwriter, film director, actor, comedian, writer, musician, and playwright.Allen's distinctive films, which run the gamut from dramas to s...
  • Mikhail Baryshnikov
    ——— Mikhail Nikolaevich Baryshnikov (Russian: Михаил Николаевич Барышников, Latvian: Mihails Barišņikovs) (born January 27, 1948), nicknamed "Misha" is a Russian American dancer, choreographer, a...

This project is on History Link

Great Conductors, Instrumentalists or Vocalists, who pursued a career as soloists, and whose technical accomplishments were so pronounced as to dazzle the public.

Great conductors

  • Claudio Abbado (1933 – 2014) Italian conductor. One of the most celebrated and respected conductors of the 20th century, particularly in the music of Gustav Mahler.
  • Sir John Barbirolli (1899 – 1970), né Giovanni Battista Barbirolli, was a British conductor and cellist.
  • Daniel Barenboim (b. 1942) Argentine-born Israeli pianist and conductor. Celibidache Barenboim Tchaikovsky Piano concerto no. 1 MVT 1C, Daniel Barenboim, Itzhak Perlman, Yo-Yo Ma and the Chicago Symphony Orchestra; Johannes Brahms: Concerto for violin, cello and orchestra in A
  • Sir Thomas Beecham (1879 –1961) was an English conductor and impresario who founded both the London Philharmonic and the Royal Philharmonic orchestras.
  • Leonard Bernstein (1918 – 1990) American conductor, composer, author, music lecturer and pianist. Candide Overture: Leonard Bernstein conducting, Symphonic Dances - Part 1 (from West Side Story), Symphonic Dances - Part 2 (from West Side Story).
  • Arthur Bodanzky (1877 – 1939) Austrian-American conductor particularly associated with the operas of Wagner.
  • Karl Böhm (temporary)
  • Pierre Boulez (1925 – 2016) French composer and conductor.
  • Fritz Busch (1890 – 1951) German conductor.
  • Eleazar de Carvalho (1912 – 1996) Brazilian conductor and composer.
  • Sergiu Celibidache (1912 – 1996) Romanian conductor, composer, and teacher. His career in music spanned over five decades, including principal conductor for the Munich Philharmonic, Berlin Philharmonic and several European orchestras. Later in life, he taught at Mainz University in Germany and the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia, PA. Celibidache is regarded as one of the greatest conductors of the 20th century.
  • Wilhelm Furtwängler (1886 – 1954) German conductor and composer. He is considered to be one of the greatest symphonic and operatic conductors of the 20th century.
  • Carlo Maria Giulini (1914 – 2005) Leading Italian conductor of his generation and had a dazzling career in his native country and in Vienna, London, Chicago and Los Angeles.
  • Isaac Karabtchevsky (temporary)
  • Herbert von Karajan (1908 – 1989) Austrian conductor. He was principal conductor of the Berlin Philharmonic for 35 years. He is generally regarded as one of the greatest conductors of the 20th century.
  • Otto Klemperer (1885 – 1973) was a German conductor and composer. He is widely regarded as one of the leading[citation needed] conductors of the 20th century.
  • Serge Alexandrovich Koussevitzky Серге́й Алекса́ндрович Кусеви́цкий;(1874 – 1951) was a Russian-born conductor, composer and double-bassist, known for his long tenure as music director of the Boston Symphony Orchestra from 1924 to 1949.
  • Rafael Jeroným Kubelík (1914 – 1996) was a Czech-born conductor and composer. He was music director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra (1950–53), of The Royal Opera, Covent Garden (1955–58), and of the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra (1961–79), and was a frequent guest conductor for leading orchestras in Europe and America.
  • James Levine (b. 1943) American conductor and pianist. Primarily known for his tenure as Music Director of the Metropolitan Opera, a position he held for 40 years (1976 to 2016), currently its Emeritus Music Director.
  • Lorin Varencove Maazel (1930 – 2014) was an American conductor, violinist and composer. He was music director of the Cleveland Orchestra, Orchestre National de France, Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra, and the New York Philharmonic (NYP), among other posts.
  • Gustav Mahler (1860 - 1911) Austrian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation.
  • Kurt Masur (1927 – 2015) Orchestra Conductor for the NY Philharmonic from 1991 to 2002.
  • Zubin Mehta (b. 1936) World famous Indian conductor of western classical music.
  • Riccardo Muti (b. 1941) Italian conductor. Muti has been a prolific recording artist and has received dozens of honors, titles, awards and prizes. He is particularly associated with the music of Giuseppe Verdi.
  • John Neschling (temporary)
  • Eugene Ormandy (1899 – 1985) Hungarian-born conductor and violinist, best known for his association with the Philadelphia Orchestra, as its music director.
  • Seiji Ozawa (b. 1935) Chinese-born Japanese conductor known for his advocacy of modern composers and for his work with the San Francisco Symphony, the Toronto Symphony, and the Boston Symphony Orchestras.
  • André Previn (1929 – 1919) German-born American pianist, conductor, and composer.
  • Artur Rodzinski (1892 – 1958) Polish conductor of opera and symphonic music.
  • Claudio Santoro (temporary)
  • Sir Georg Solti, KBE (1912 – 1997) was an orchestral and operatic conductor, best known for his appearances with opera companies in Munich, Frankfurt and London, and as a long-serving music director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra.
  • Leopold Stokowski (1882 – 1997) British-born American orchestral conductor, well known for his free-hand performing style.
  • Arturo Toscanini (1867 – 1957) Italian conductor. One of the most acclaimed musicians of the late 19th and 20th century.
  • Bruno Walter (1876 – 1962) was a German-born conductor, pianist, and composer. Left Germany in 1933 to escape the Third Reich, and settles in the United States in 1939. He is widely considered one of the great conductors of the 20th century.

Great instrumentalists

Virtuosi Cellists

Virtuosi Clarinetists

Virtuosi Flautists

Virtuosi Pianists

Great Organists

Virtuosi Sitarists

  • Ravi Shankar (1920 - 2012) A world-renowned musician, composer, performer, and scholar of classical Indian music. He was one of the leading cultural figures of the twentieth century whose accomplishments place him as the leading figure of an important musical tradition.

Virtuosi Trumpeters

Virtuosi Violinists

Virtuosi Guitarists

Great vocalists