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Marriageable Girls / Filles à Marier

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  • Marguerite Breton dite Buron (1631 - 1698)
    Marguerite Breton, was born to Antoine and to Sainte Paulin, at Saint-Nicolas-des-Champs, Paris. Upon her arrival in Canada she found a chaperone in the person of Marie Favry, the widow of Pierre Legar...
  • Marguerite Leclerc (1640 - 1705)
    Marguerite- Marguerite was baptized 12 February 1640 in the St. Remi parish of Dieppe, France. She was a fille a marier who came to Canada in 1661.3 On 11 September 1661, Marguerite entered into a ma...
  • Madeleine Surget (c.1638 - 1697)
    From Oocities.org : Madeleine Surget was born about 1638 at Soubise, Rochefort, Saintes, Saintonge, France; the daughter of Francois Surget and Marguerite Gravel. She arrived in the Quebec Colony as ...
  • Marguerite Maclin / Maquelain (1648 - 1733)
    In 1662, Jean Cicotte married Marguerite Maclin, a fille à marier. She came to Nouvelle France as an orphan in 1659 and lived under the protection of Marguerite Bourgeois. Marguerite Bourgeois...
  • Françoise Grénier (1604 - 1665)
    Francoise Grenier was an Algonquin Native woman, born circa 1610 in Quebec. Her parentage is officially listed as unknown. We know she was Algonquin however due to Jesuit records. She is rumoured to ha...

Most of us are familiar with the story of the King's Daughters or Fille Du Roi; the state sponsored program that brought almost 800 single women to Quebec in the early days of the French settlement, but what is not so well known is the story of the Filles à Marier. Between 1634 and 1662; 262 young ladies braved the elements to begin an uncertain future in the backwoods of Canada.

When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home.

Below is a list of all the women brought over under this plan. Some were sponsored by their church, a company associate or merchant. Others were of minor noble families; cousins or sisters of men already in the colony. Marguerite Bourgeoys and Jeanne Mance, also escorted several, training them in the necessary domestic skills, and ensuring that they would be well looked after. Later, critics of the plan tried to say that all the girls were prostitutes taken off the streets of Paris, but this was rarely, if ever, the case. Most settled down, raised families and formed the roots of many French-Canadian families. Source: http://www.geocities.com/weallcamefromsomewhere/Kebec/filles_marier.html

  • Achon, Ozanne-Jeanne (Anne)
  • Alton, Étiennette or Antoinette
  • Anet, Jeanne
  • Armand, Marie
  • Arnu, Marthe
  • Artus, Michelle
  • Aubert, Marguerite
  • Arneau, Jeanne (Marie-Marthe)
  • Banne, Gillette
  • Banse, Marguerite
  • Barbeau, Suzanne
  • Barré, Gabrielle
  • Beaucier, Jeanne
  • Beaudoin, Madeleine
  • Beaudry, Perrine
  • Bénard, Catherine
  • Bénard, Françoise
  • Benet, Marie-Suzanne
  • Bérard, Marie
  • Betfer or Bedford, Suzanne
  • Bidard, Marie
  • Bigot, Françoise
  • Bigot, Jeanne
  • Bigot, Marguerite
  • Bissonnet, Marie
  • Bitouset, Jeanne
  • Boileau, Marguerite
  • Boissel, Marie
  • Bonin, Marie
  • Borde or Desbordes, Jacquette
  • Boudet, Romaine
  • Bourdon, Marie
  • Bourgouin, Marie-Marthe
  • Boyer, Anne
  • Boyer, Marie
  • Breton, Marguerite
  • Brière, Jeanne-Angélique
  • Bugeau, Suzanne
  • Camus, Catherine
  • Camus or Le Camus, Élisabeth
  • Capel, Françoise
  • Cartier, Hélène
  • Cerisier, Jeanne
  • Chapelier, Marie
  • Charles, Catherine
  • Charlot, Marguerite
  • Châtaigné, Marie
  • Chatel, Hélène
  • Chaverlange, Jeanne
  • Chefdeville, Marie
  • Chevalier or Lechevalier, Anne
  • Cholet or Chaulet, Marie
  • Chotard, Jeanne
  • Colin, Catherine
  • Cousteau, Marie-Madeleine;
  • Crampon, Catherine
  • Crépeau or Crépel, Françoise
  • Crevet, Marie
  • D’Assonville, Gabrielle
  • De Lamarque, Anne
  • De Lambourg, Esther
  • Delaunay, Anne
  • Delaunay, Jeanne
  • Delavaux, Catherine
  • De Liercourt, Anne-Antoinette
  • Deligny, Marie
  • De Mousseau, Louise
  • Denoyon, Suzanne
  • De Poitiers, Marie-Charlotte
  • De Richecourt dit Malteau, Jeanne
  • Desbordes, Mathurine
  • Després, Anne
  • Després, Geneviève
  • Després, Marguerite
  • Desvarieux, Vincente
  • Doucet, Marie-Madeleine
  • Doucinet, Marguerite
  • Drouillard, Marie-Madeleine
  • Drugeon, Élisabeth
  • Dubois, Madeleine
  • Duchesne, Nicole
  • Duguay or Dugué, Jeanne
  • Dumesnil, Marie
  • Dupont, Marie-Madeleine
  • Durand, Anne-Antoinette
  • Duteau, Madeleine
  • Duteau dit Perrin, Marie-Michelle
  • Duval, Louise
  • Duval, Suzanne
  • Duverger, Françoise
  • Duverger, Suzanne
  • Émard, Anne
  • Fabrècque, Madeleine
  • Fafard, Françoise
  • Fayette, Marie
  • Ferra, Marie
  • Forestier (Fortier), Catherine
  • Fougerat, Charlotte
  • François, Marie-Madeleine
  • Freslon, Jacqueline
  • Frit, Marie
  • Gachet, Marie
  • Gamache, Geneviève
  • Garnier, Jeanne
  • Garnier or Grenier, Louise
  • Gauchet de Belleville, Catherine
  • Gaulin, Marguerite
  • Gausse dit Le Borgne Françoise
  • Gelé, Louise
  • Girard, Marie
  • Giraud, Isabelle dit Marie
  • Gobinet, Élisabeth dit Isabelle
  • Godard, Jeanne
  • Godard, Marie
  • Godeau, Marie
  • Godin or Bodin, Jeanne
  • Godin, Perrine
  • Gouget, Catherine
  • Grandin (Grandry), Marie
  • Grandry, Marie
  • Grenier, Antoinette
  • Grenier, Françoise
  • Grignault dit Gobineau, Marie
  • Guillebourdeau, Marguerite
  • Hagouin, Élisabeth
  • Hardy, Marie-Anne
  • Hautreux, Marthe
  • Hayet, Marguerite
  • Hérault, Jeanne
  • Herlin, Anne
  • Houart, Catherine
  • Hubert, Marie-Marthe
  • Hubou, Barbe
  • Hubou, Françoise
  • Hurault or Hurelle, Catherine
  • Jaleau dit Ploumelle, Jeanne
  • Jamare, Marie
  • Jarel or Jaroux, Suzanne
  • Jarousseau, Suzanne
  • Jobin, Françoise
  • Joly, Marie
  • Jopie, Anne
  • Lagrange, Jacqueline
  • Lamoureux, Antoinette dit Louise
  • Landeau, Marie-Noëlle
  • Languille, Marie
  • Latour dit Simonet, Catherine
  • Leboeuf, Marguerite Marthe
  • Lebreuil, Louise-Thérèse-Marie
  • Leclerc, Adrienne
  • Leclerc, Marguerite
  • Leclerc, Marie
  • Ledet or Léodet, Anne
  • Le Flot, Michelle
  • Le Laboureur, Anne
  • Lelièvre, Françoise
  • Lemaître, Denise
  • Lemoine or Le Moyne, Anne
  • Lemoine or Le Moyne, Jeanne
  • Lerouge dit St-Denis, Jeanne
  • Leroux, Mathurine
  • Leson, Anne
  • Letard, Marie
  • Longchamp, Geneviève
  • Loppé, Renée
  • Lorgueil, Marie
  • Lorion, Catherine
  • Lotier (Lothier), Catherine
  • Maclin, Marguerite
  • Macré or Maqueray, Geneviève
  • Manovely de Rainville, Geneviève
  • Marchand, Catherine
  • Marecot (Marcotte), Madeleine
  • Marguerie, Marie
  • Martin, Anne
  • Mathieu, Catherine
  • Mazouer or Mazoué, Marie
  • Méchin, Jeanne
  • Méliot, Catherine
  • Mercier, Jeanne
  • Merrin or Mairé, Jeanne
  • Méry, Françoise
  • Mésangé, Marie
  • Métayer, Marie
  • Meunier, Françoise
  • Michelande, Madeleine
  • Migaud, Suzanne
  • Mignon, Jeanne
  • Morin, Claire
  • Morin, Françoise
  • Morineau, Jeanne
  • Morisseau, Marg-Madeleine
  • Mullois de Laborde, Madeleine
  • Nadreau, Françoise-Jacqueline
  • Nau-Fossambault, M-Catherine
  • Nau de Fossambault, Michelle
  • Oudin, Marie
  • Pacreau, Marie
  • Panie, Isabeau
  • Panie, Marie
  • Paré (Paris), Claire-Françoise
  • Parenteau or Parentelle, Marie
  • Patou, Catherine
  • Paulo, Marie
  • Pavie, Marie
  • Pelletier, Jeanne
  • Pelletier or Peltier, Marie
  • Péré, Marie or Marie-Suzanne
  • Perrault, Marguerite-Cécile
  • Picard, Marguerite
  • Picoté de Belestre, Perrine
  • Pinet de La Chesnaye, Marie
  • Pinson, Marie-Marthe
  • Poireau, Jeanne
  • Poisson, Barbe
  • Poisson, Mathurine
  • Pomponnelle, Marie
  • Pontonnier, Marie
  • Potel Jacqueline
  • Pournin or Pournain, Marie
  • Radisson, Élisabeth
  • Radisson, Françoise
  • Rebours, Marguerite
  • Renaud, Marie
  • Renaudeau, Judith-Catherine
  • Renaudin Blanchetière, Marie
  • Reynier, Christine
  • Richard, Marie
  • Rigaud, Judith
  • Riton, Marie
  • Rocheron, Marie
  • Rocheteau, Suzanne
  • Rolland, Nicole
  • Rousselier, Jeanne
  • Roy, Jeanne
  • Roy, Marie
  • Saint-Père, Catherine
  • Saint-Père, Jeanne
  • Saulnier (Duverdier), Françoise
  • Sauviot, Marguerite
  • Simon, Marie
  • Sinalon, Jeanne
  • Soldé, Jeanne
  • Soulinier, Marie
  • Surget, Madeleine
  • Targer, Élisabeth (or Isabelle)
  • Taupier, Marie
  • Tavernier, Marie
  • Testard, Jeanne
  • Teste, Marie
  • Thavenet, Marguerite-Josèphe
  • Therrien or Terrier, Perrine
  • Thomas, Marguerite
  • Tourault, Jacquette
  • Triot, Marie-Madeleine
  • Trotin, Marie
  • Valade, Marie-Barbe
  • Vauvilliers, Jeanne
  • Videau, Anne
  • Vié dite Lamotte, Marie
  • Viger, Françoise
  • Vignault, Jeanne
  • Vivran or Vivier, Jacquette
  • Voidy, Jeanne