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New Amsterdam - Notable Citizens

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  • Cornelis Evertsen, de Jongste (1642 - 1706)
    Zie Wikipedia... Onderscheidde zich in april 1665 als kaperkapitein in een gevecht tegen Engelse koningsschepen en werd na de Slag bij Lowestoft (1665) vlaggenkapitein van zijn vader. Na diens sneuve...
  • Thomas Hall (1618 - 1669)
    Thomas Hall was born in 1614 (perhaps in Wales) and died 9 May 1669 in New York. On Nov. 29th, 1642, Gov. William Kieff of the Dutch West Indies company granted a tract of land alleged to contain som...
  • Johannes ("John") Van Horne (1663 - 1735)
    • Merchant in NYC owned hundreds of acres of land in New Jersey • seems to have bought Manhattan land from Marietie Petersen in the last years of her life. Marietie was a free black who...
  • Anthony Colve (deceased)
    Zie Wikipedia... Anthonij Colve, was in sept. 1668 vaandrig in de compagnie van kapitein Bernard de Beaufort (regiment Schotte) (zie aldaar); verbleef toen in Zeeland na terugkeer uit Suriname; 2...
  • Willem Jacobse van Boerum (c.1610 - 1688)
    New Amsterdam Immigrant Willem VanBoerum left Amsterdam with his family in 1649 and settled in Flatbush, Long Island, Nieuw Netherland. He took the Oath of Allegience to the English in Kings county...


This chapter includes...

  • Governors of New Netherland
  • Great Burghers (1657-1668)
  • Notable Citizens...

Governors of Nieuw-Nederland (New Netherland)

Great Burghers

Between 1657-1668, New Amsterdam ran a system of citizenship, meant to protect the interests of the citizens against the commercial competition of non-resident traders. The system recognized 'great burghers' and 'small burghers'.

This, in effect, created a certain 'aristocracy' as it confirmed the positions of the most powerful families in the colony. Besides the fact that the title of 'great burgher' was hereditary, one of its privileges was access to the highest public positions in the colony.

Nevertheless, the system had fundamentally democratic principles, because everyone could become a citizen of both types - depending on a few rules and the payment of a fee. Per 1657, twenty citizens were privileged as 'great burghers', whilst a further 216 became 'small burghers'. More citizens acquired the status throughout the existence of the system.

The 'great burghers' in 1657 were:

Notable Citizens in the New Netherland settlements and towns

Currently being researched:

  • Mayors (in Dutch: burgemeesters)
  • Aldermen (in Dutch: schepenen)
  • Bailiffs (in Dutch: schouten, or baljuws)
  • Schoolmasters
  • Clergymen

Early Governance

Though New Netherland was a province of Holland, the colony was run in its early days by the Dutch West India Company. The early governors of the colony were also called 'Directors', and they ran the colony as a business. Though all major decisions about the colony were taken by the WIC in Amsterdam, the governors appointed their own council for the management of practical affairs in the colony.

Council of the Province of New Netherland 

Minuit's Council - 1626-1632

  • Peter Bylevelt
  • Jacob Elbertsen Wissinck
  • Jan Jansen Brouwer
  • Symon Dirckssen Post
  • Reynert Harmensen
  • Isaac de Rasières, secretary

Twiller's Council - 1633-1638

  • Jacques Bentyn
  • Reynert Harmensen
  • Andries Hudde
  • Martin Gerritsen van Bergen
  • Jacobus van Curler
  • Lubertuse van Dincklage
  • Claes van Elslant

The New Amsterdam Council

Before the incorporation of New Amsterdam as a city, in 1653, the affairs of the settlement were run by the governor, assisted by a council of elected men (a first form of direct representation of the citizens). The council is identified by their number upon election. Below, we list all recorded members.

Twelve Men (elected August 29, 1641, abolished February 18, 1642)

Eight Men (elected in 1643 and 1645)

Nine Men (elected in 1647, 1649, 1650 and 1652)

New Amsterdam



Attorney General & Bailiffs (in Dutch: Schout-Fiscaal)


  • 1633-1643 : Adam Roelantsen
  • 1643-1648 : Jan Stevensen
  • 1648-1648 : Jan Cornelissen van Hoorn
  • 1648-1649 : Pieter van der Linde (interim)
  • 1649-1655 : Willem Verstius
  • 1655-1660 : Harmanus van Hoboken
  • 1660-1665 : Johannes de la Montagne
  • 1665-xxxx : Evert Pietersen

Ministers of the Reformed Dutch Church (in Dutch: Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk)














New Haarlem


New Utrecht




  • Brandt Peelen, in 1630




St Mary's