- Born in 1799 Kent, England to Michael George & Maria Doubell.
- Marries Aletta Maria de Lange [mtDNA L3b3] in Somerset-East, South Africa 16.9.1827. Descendent of Lijsbeth Arabus
- Dies10.9.1871 in Uitenhage, Cape, South Africa at aged 71 yrs.
- b1. Aletta Maria bap Grahamstown 19 April 1829 x Gert Christiaan Johannes Petrus Cloete
- b2. Walter David Peter' x Uitenhage 2.3.1853 Anna Maria Magdalena Meiring (1834 -. 17.09.859) xx Uitenhage 6.12.1859 Hester Arabella Jones
- b3. Michael Willem Johannes Doubell
- b4. Baltus David Petrus Doubell
- b5. Thomas Henry Doubell x 12/1/1857 Caroline Elizabeth Magdalena Myburgh (1837 - 1920)
- b6. Johanna Kirkman (Doubell)
- b7. Adriaan Samuel Matthys Doubell
- b8. Robert Jacobus Doubell
- b9. Gerrit / Gerhardus Stephanus Doubell
- b10. Susanna Catharina Landman (Doubell)
- b11. George Doubell
- b12. George Doubell
Y-DNA R-M269 (also called R1b1a1a2)
Dion Doubell's DNA results have been populated to the Doubell ancestor on our SA tree. If his paper trail is correct, then all male Doubells in SA carry the Y chromosome R-M269 (also called R1b1a1a2) - now concentrated in Western Europe, where "[t]he frequency is about 92% in Wales, 82% in Ireland, 70% in Scotland, 68% in Spain, 60% in France (76% in Normandy), about 60% in Portugal, 45% in Eastern England, 50% in Germany, 50% in the Netherlands, 42% in Iceland, and 43% in Denmark. It is as high as 95% in parts of Ireland. It is also found in some areas of North Africa, where its frequency peaks at 10% in some parts of Algeria. M269 has likewise been observed among 8% of the Herero in Namibia."
At the moment, the ancient path of R-M269 appears to have been a migration from Western Asia via southeastern Europe.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_R1b [Sharon Doubell Oct 2016]
- Doubell Family group - Facebook.com
- Doubell message board - Ancestry.com
- Doubell message board - Rootsweb
- International Genealogical Index Doubell Africa
- International Genealogical Index Doubell British Isles
Tracking the Origins of Michael George Doubell in Kent
See Attached Maps, 1 & 2 compiled by Tony Leach, showing locations of Doubells born/christened in the UK, prior to around 1850 – (mostly 1750 to 1850). "Took the place names from the IGI Doubell list. Sproughton up in Suffolk (up North on the first map) seems the oldest known location at around mid 1600’s. Mostly they are grouped in a central area on the Sussex/Kent border, with some moving up in Surrey and London."
- East Grinstead
- Tunbridge Wells
The 'Hawkhurst Gang' Theory
Sharon Doubell notes: "My Mom had Michael George as coming from Kent from the Mormon ancestry records, and I've read about the Doubells being in the notorious Hawkhurst Gang in Kent." Felicity Sparkman in June 2003 says: 'I am also interested in Richard D. who was buried 11-8-1793 & was a member of the Hawkhurst (Kent) gang (notorious smugglers)"Chris Doubell in May 2004 replies "[I have] Richard the smuggler - details of his arrest and trial for the murder of a customs officer Thomas Carswell in 1740."
- The Wikipedia article on the Hawkhurst gang in the 1740s in Sussex and Kent.
- Villagenet article on the Hawkhurst Gang
- Family Search does indeed find lots of Doubells in Sussex and Kent in the 1800s.
- Melvilles 1858 Directory of Kent has a James Doubell as chemist, stationer and news agent; and a William Doubell as a tax collector.
- However, this is the story of Richard Doubell as a Hawkhurst Gang Member.
- A pseudonymous post in 2004 on rootsweb says "I have just been reading a will of Richard Doubell of Lingfield, proved on 22 December 1750. I am trying to trace a James Doubell/Doubble who was born around 1749 in or around Lingfield. All I know is his father was a Doubble and was a yeoman of Lingfield at this time. James moved to Streatham and married - Anne - and I believe they had 13 children, one was a Thomas Doubble who had 7 children by his first wife, Dinah, and 4 children by his second wife, Annie. I have traced this line back through his son, Alfred, who was the youngest son from Thomas' first marrage, but am now stuck... any information on the Doubble/Doubell's from Lingfield would be of help."
our Michael George in Kent & his father, Michael George in the UK c 1770
and Richard Doubell born c 1711, & his father, Richard 'Double' in Lingfield, UK.
The 'Killed A Man in a Boxing Fight' Theory
From rootsweb archives in 2002 Millicent <email@example.com> says " Hello All Doubells I'm looking for Michael George Doubell born apparantly in Kent 1799. There are various family legends as to how he came to be in South Africa: he 'jumped ship' and landed up in SA; he killed a man in an illegal boxing tournament & was sent here by his commanding officers; he was incarcerated on Robin Island & swam ashore. Whatever the circumstances, the first record of him that I can find is his marriage in Somerset East to Aletta Maria de Lange on 16 Sep 1827. His name is recorded as "George Dobell".
The fact that he was born in Kent in 1799 may have been a misunderstanding, as another ancestor of the family quite definitely was born in Kent in 1798. The family may have become muddled between the two. He may well have been in the army. He was an extremely powerful man, as were many of his descendents.
His grandon, also Michael George joined Filis' circus as a 'Strong Man' and performed at Earls Court in 1899. While in London, he married Sarah Ann Tant age 22 of 22 Pembroke Mews, London. This marriage took place on 25 Feb 1900 at St Philips, Kensington. Her father was Charles Tant. Could anyone advise me on how I could find out more information about her family? (Cautionary note about the grandson: There were 3 or 4 Michael George grandsons.)
On Ancestry, Raymond Doubell (firstname.lastname@example.org) says "I have been given to undertstand the following. Many years ago, my mother, whose mother's maiden name was Doubell, told me that "Michael George" was the "family name". Anyway, a Michael Goerge Doubell was born in Kent in 1799 (in the version I heard) and ended up in South Africa (Fort Brown area) because of a nasty brush with the law back in the UK (the other guy died). In South Africa, "Doubell" is usually seen as an Afrikaans name, as are a few other English surnames (most notably Barnard). Apparently we are Normans and there are Doubells recorded in documents going back to the 13th century at least. We picked up our coat of arms almost exactly 400 years ago. It is a "canting" arms, the design of which is essentially a set of puns on the pronunciation of the name at the time. I have a copy on my hard drive. The name itself is Norman-French argot of the deep Middle Ages and almost certainly means exactly what it seems to mean: "double"; maybe "twin".
In May 2011, Felicity from Australia says on arootsweb message board "There was a Michael George Doubell (1799) who fled from Kent UK to Fort Brown South Africa after killing a man in a fist fight. All my doubell ancestors came originaly from Kent so there probably is a link. I have traced my lot back to around 1550."
Raymond replies: "I can confirm Felicity's account of Michael George, with this variation: the 'fist fight' to which she refers was an illegal boxing match in the armed forces. Michael George indeed settled in the Fort Brown area. He married a Dutch (nowadays we'd say Afrikaans) girl whose surname was De Lange. He became a farmer and transport rider (but didn't just about everyone who was a white settler in those days?) I'm not so sure that he was an 1820 Settler in the strictest sense, but he certainly ended up here (in S Africa) around about that time.
[Using research from] Millicent Emslie:This is how I dealt with it: " Susara’s father Michael George DOUBELL, if indeed that was his real name, was a most intriguing character. DOUBELL family historians wrestle with the fascinating challenge that he may, according to oral tradition, have come to South Africa under an assumed name. He is said to have arrived under very mysterious circumstances. There are various family legends, but all agree on one aspect: Michael George DOUBELL was a criminal or prisoner, and came here, or was sent here, to evade the long arm of the law. According to one version he was in the British army and took part in an illegal boxing match, arranged by his superior officers, that resulted in the death of his opponent in the ring. As the DOUBELL menfolk were renowned for their strength, this version sounds entirely credible.His army unit was stationed at Fort Brown, and he was therefore probably one of the ranks of the dreaded Royal Africa Corps. When Lord Charles Somerset sought to restructure his defences after the British government drastically reduced the standing garrison at the Cape, he was sent two regiments of incorrigible jetsam, namely the Royal Africa Corps and the 60th Foot. They were described as an amalgam of deserters and criminals “of the worst type,” who had been offered military service as an alternative to long penal sentences. The RAC was posted on the frontier where, according to Somerset, their behaviour caused such terror that the Colonists feared the amaXhosa less than those who had been placed there for their protection. The unit was disbanded in 1821 after causing much mayhem, and some of their number were given Colonial passes and allowed to remain in South Africa. Donkin classed the vast majority as being “worthless and unmanageable people” and “congregated banditti”. [http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/SOUTH-AFRICA-EASTERN-CAPE/2010-12/1292314613] He suggested that the only suitable domicile for them would be New South Wales. However, Michael George seems to have led an exemplary life in the Colony. [Peter Kirkman Oct 2016]
From the 1820 Settler Geni Project: The Royal African corps was at this time under orders to return to England to be disbanded. Sir Rufane Donkin thought he could utilise the best men in it as an advanced guard of the colony, by forming a settlement with them in the lower portion of the vacant territory east of the Fish river. It was Lord Charles Somerset's intention to keep the district between the Fish and Keiskama rivers unoccupied except by soldiers, to have it constantly patrolled, and thus to prevent depredations by the Xosas and illegal intercourse between the two races. This design was now set aside by Sir Rufane Donkin, who resolved to fill a portion of it with Europeans. It had been his intention to locate the large party expected from Scotland in the valleys at the sources of the Kat river, and the ground there was surveyed for the purpose ; but the Highlanders changed their minds and remained at home, so that those beautiful and fertile valleys were still open. It was at the other end of the vacant district, however, that he now resolved to settle the discharged soldiers. At an interview with Gaika, after a short and friendly discussion that chief consented to his proposal.
On the 13th of June 1821 the acting governor entered into an agreement with Captains M. J. Sparks and R. Birch, Lieutenants A. Heddle, W. Cartwright, C. McCombie, and J. P. Sparks, Ensigns A. Matthewson, A. Chisholm, and C. Mackenzie, and Assistant-Surgeon R. Turnbull, officers of the Royal African corps, that to each of them should be granted a farm of two thousand morgen of land between the Beka and Fish rivers, free of charge for survey or title, and of quitrent for ten years, on condition that they should engage among them at least sixty men of the corps as servants and occupy the ground personally. The servants were to be provided with rations for nine months, were to receive two months' pay from the 25th of June—the date of disbandment, and each was to have a free grant of one hundred acres of ground at the end of three years' service, if he was an artificer fifty acres extra, if he should marry within three years fifty acres extra and twenty-five acres for each child. They were to be provided with arms and ammunition free of charge. No intoxicating liquor was to be sold within the settlement during the next three years, and neither men nor cattle were to cross the Beka.
On the same conditions, and with the approval of the officers, Mr. Benjamin Moodie, who brought out the Scotch mechanics in 1817, and who was then residing at Grootvadersbosch near the confluence of the Breede and Buffelsjagts rivers, and his two brothers, Donald and John Dunbar Moodie, retired lieutenants of the navy and army, who had recently arrived in the colony, were to receive farms of two thousand morgen each. A little later three brothers Crause, retired officers who were among the settlers in the Zuurveld, entered into a similar agreement.
To the non-commissioned officers of the Royal African corps who had saved some money, an offer was made of grants of land from two to four hundred acres in extent, according to their means, if they would engage a few of the men. They were to have the same privileges of rations, pay, and arms as those who took service with the officers. Six non-commissioned officers, with eighteen private soldiers as their servants, accepted this offer.
In addition to the farms to be granted, a village was laid out, in which all except the servants had plots of ground four acres in extent given to them free of charge. This village Sir Rufane Donkin named Fredericksburg, in honour of the Duke of York. The officers and seventy-eight discharged soldiers engaged as servants, together with the non-commissioned officers and their servants, at once took possession of it, and commenced to build cottages and make gardens. A military post, garrisoned by thirty-three men of the Cape corps, was established close by to protect the settlement in its infancy.
Everything went on well for a few months, but on the 26th of October the landdrost Major Jones issued a notice that as many farms as were required would be surveyed, and then the ownership would be decided by lot. The officers had already selected the ground that they desired to have, but this notice prevented all cultivation except that of the plots in the village. Time went on, and no surveyor appeared. The two months' pay promised to the soldiers was also withheld, which gave great dissatisfaction to the non-commissioned officers' parties. Further, Mr. Benjamin Moodie, who was to have been vested with magisterial authority, changed his mind and remained at Grootvadersbosch, so that there were no means of preserving order at Fredericksburg, and many of the servants were disposed to be unruly. These causes combined made the prospects of the new settlement particularly gloomy at the close of the year 1821.
For some time after the arrival of the British settlers the Kaffirs gave no trouble, but in September 1821 a daring robbery took place. Forty-eight head of cattle were driven off from Mr. Smith's location, and an English boy who was herding them was murdered. Mr. Brownlee, the missionary and government agent at the Tyumie, reported that the robbery was committed by the people of Nambili, a petty captain of Ndlambe's faction, that the cattle had been taken from the robbers by Dushane, and that the matter had been made known to Gaika. Major Jones, with one hundred and fifty infantry, a detachment of the Cape corps, and twenty mounted burghers, then entered Kaffirland to recover the cattle or make reprisals, but on arriving at Nambili's kraal found it abandoned, so he was obliged to return empty-handed. Gaika was strongly suspected of complicity with the robbers, and some time afterwards it was ascertained that several of the stolen cattle had been appropriated by him. He still professed, however, to be a friend of the colony, though it was recognised that no reliance could be placed on his word.
The 'Jumped Ship & Changed his Name from Dobell' Theory
Deserted his ship at Gibraltar & changed his name from Dobell to Doubell? -|ref Aunt Carrie's letter. [http://www.myheritage.com/person-1000162_1_44586681/Michael+George-Doubell] who also has him as a farmer
"Michael George Doubell, (if that was his real name), came to SA as a member of one of the early military units to be posted on the frontier. His unit was posted at Fort Brown, which suggests that he was probably enlisted in the dreaded Royal Africa Corps." Peter Kirkman17 Oct 2016
Research: There were certainly Dobells in Kent at the time: [http://home.alphalink.com.au/~leenor/page9.html] but there are no Michaels on this list
The '1820 Settler' Theory
From Michael Doubell on rootsweb board "hi, I am a descendant of a doubell who arrived with the 1820 settlers. My late grandfather lived in standerton, Tvl,and I recall as a child back in ealy 1950s visiting his father in Steytlerville. I would assume that the settler was his father?" From Romey Doubell on rootsweb in mArch 2011 The Doubell family crest was registered to one Walter Doubell of Falmere Sussex in 1604. one Walter David Peter Doubell arrived in (Algo Bay now) Port Elizabeth,from Kent England with the 1820 Settlers.He settled in Port Elzabeth, married and his children moved in and arround Port Elizabeth, Uitenhage and Steytlerville. There was several generations (I will inform you ) and my Grandfather was Walter David Peter Doubell, I spent many holidays in Steytlerville (nick name of Steytlerville is Sakkies)my gradfather was married to Chatarina Van Staden and they had 6 six children, as follows:Eldest a boy Jones Doubell no children,Daughter Chatarina(Rina) spinster al her life, Daughter Rhoda married a Dr,Archer 3 daughters, Son Edgar 3 children one girl and 2 boys, Son Peter William (My Father, one son me, Romey Walter) Daughter Tertia married a du Pasanie 3 daughters. You will note that all the Doubell s come with the English names, such as Walter, Peter, William, Henry,Thomas,Edgar.
- The SA settlers website has Michael George, not Walter David as a settler from Britain, but not on the 1820 Settler boat lists.
- We have Walter David as Michael George's son, and BORN in SA in 1834.
- Obituary in The Grahamstown Journal on Monday 25th September, 1871. Thanks to Sue Mackay for her transcriptions done in the archives in England. 'A WATERLOO VETERAN Mr. M.G. DOUBELL of Eland’s Poort, division of Uitenhage, died on the 10th inst. He was an 1820 Settler, and prior to arrival in the colony was a soldier, when he fought at Waterloo. He took up his residence in Port Elizabeth in 1826, at which time Port Elizabeth was part of the Uitenhage district. He has never resided out of the district since.'
A Michael George Doubell, possibly son of Thomas Henry Doubell (1837 - 1909) and Caroline Elizabeth Magdalena Myburgh (1837 - 1920), performed as a Strongman in Fillis Circus in 1899 at Earls Court in England. Michael also married a Sarah Ann Tant, though the marriage does not seem to have lasted. In his marriage record, Michael is described as a Farmer, not a Circus Performer or Strongman; no evidence has yet been found that he was a part of Fillis Circus.
Michael George Doubell was a Shop Keeper, according to his daughter, Sarah Johanna Doubell's 1838 baptism certificate. Source: Ancestry24.com
- Our SA Prog doesn't have a daughter called Sarah. Perhaps this might be his sister?
Rootsweb carrieelaggan says "the Doubell family came from the Surrey area, all were Quakers. At some time their surname was Double." Ray Doubell from Southhampton says in 2003 "The daughter of my 3 times great Granfather married into the Quaker faith. She was born in Reigate Surrey, in 1817."
- We know there were Surrey Doubells; and that there appears to have been a 'Double' father of Richard, the Hawkhurst Gang member ; but gangsters aren't usually Quakers?? Are they Quakers afterwards, I wonder? (As a result of their smuggler gang ancestors' narrow delivery from the gallows? :-)
Raymond Doubell (email@example.com says), "Apparently we are Normans and there are Doubells recorded in documents going back to the 13th century at least. We picked up our coat of arms almost exactly 400 years ago. It is a "canting" arms, the design of which is essentially a set of puns on the pronunciation of the name at the time. I have a copy on my hard drive. The name itself is Norman-French argot of the deep Middle Ages and almost certainly means exactly what it seems to mean: "double"; maybe "twin"."
A French Genealogy search
produces 23 possibles versions of the spelling, from Doubet, Doubey to Doubel: http://www.culture.fr/genealogie/?action_type=search&lang=fr&search_nom=Doubell&search_prenom=
The earliest is a baptism of the child of an Anne Doubet in 1655 at Loir-et-Cher Vendôme St-Martin http://daf.archivesdefrance.culture.gouv.fr/sdx-222-daf-ecv/ecv/search.xsp?id=N41269B_48364&qid=sdx_q0&page=1
The closest spelling to our own Doubell is the death certificate of a soldier, Sabat Gaston Doubel, who ‘died for France’ in 1894, in or of Martinique http://www.memoiredeshommes.sga.defense.gouv.fr/culture/php/fiche_mpf.php?_Lg=fr&_Fiche=gnRYUf5GolzCQA5EVEqkNw==&_C=3497395820
Mentions of Doubells in the rest of the world:
- London c 1894: "Edward Henry Doubell, slide painter at the Royal Polytechnic in London, is known to have painstakingly added colours to Robert Paul films, at a rate of two or three frames per day." http://thebioscope.net/category/technology/page/4/