Main Reference - The Settler Handbook by MD Nash
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Leader Lt. John Bailie
- Number 256
- Area Party originated from London
- Area Allocated to the Party Wellington and Palmiet Rivers - Cuylerville
- 1820 Settler Ship
- Departure London, 3 December 1819
- Arrival Table Bay, Cape Town - 17 March 1820
- Final Port - Algoa Bay, Port Elizabeth 10 April 1820
- ✽ Sailed on the Medusa
- ✿ Sailed on Sir George Osborn
M.D. Nash 1987 - Settler Handbook
"No. 33 on the Colonial Department list, led by John Bailie of 7 Manchester Buildings, Westminster, London, a civil servant who had held the position of Secretary to the British War Claims Commission. Bailie was introduced to the Colonial Department by an influential patron, William Huskisson, MP for Chichester, Commissioner for Wood and Forests and a former Under-Secretary to the Colonial Department, and his application to emigrate was one of the first to be accepted.
This was one of the three large joint-stock parties (Bailie's, Sephton's and Willson's) with a high proportion of skilled tradesmen and professional men, which were intended to form 'village centres' in the new Albany settlement.
The party was first formed after a public meeting for prospective emigrants was held at the Crown and Anchor Tavern in the Strand, London, on 9 August 1819. Bailie made a speech in favour of the emigration scheme which was well received in spite of Radical opposition. Nearly 600 people applied to emigrate under his direction, and from them Bailie selected the hundred whose names were included in the first list he submitted to the Colonial Department. (Only a third of the names in this first list appeared in the party's final sailing list.) These were mostly men who possessed some means but could not afford to take out proprietary parties of their own. Many of them had already made independent enquiries to the Colonial Department and had been told that only applications from heads of parties would be considered.
There were numerous fluctuations and alterations in the composition of the party before and after the deposit money for 90 men and their families was remitted late in October. Many of the people whose names were on the early lists dropped out altogether and were replaced by others, some of them from other parties. Alexander Biggar and William Clark withdrew to form parties of their own, and Robert Holditch left Bailie to join Parker's party. George King and George Duffy changed to Bailie's party from Willson's. Patrick Bagley, John Goodwin and William Reed joined Bailie's party after they had applied to take out separate small parties and been rejected.
The remnants of two other London parties were absorbed into Bailie's: James Leader, John Leonard and William Nobbs with their leader James Hoole, and Thomas and Edwin Oldham, Richard Taylor, Thomas Mills and Thomas Saunders with their leader Joseph Oldham. A quarter of the party as it was finally constituted was made up of skilled London tradesmen, 'several of them the first rate tradespeople of their line', but Bailie himself remarked on his 'numerous country settlers' who included his brother-in-law Henry Crause from Kent, Robert Bovey from Devon and the Biddulph family from Staffordshire.
The Articles of Agreement of the party bound its members to mutual assistance. Two versions were drawn up: the first, dated 6 October 1819, stipulated that each of its signatories was to receive a full 100 acres of land. Latecomers to the party signed the second version which entitled them to 50 acres only. A village was planned with provision for public amenities, and ground was to be cleared at first and houses built by communal labour. Tools and implements and a library were to be held as common stock, and the purchase or employment of slaves and the sale of spirituous liquor were strictly forbidden.
This was almost certainly the wealthiest of the joint-stock parties, with the highest proportion of 'gentleman settlers'. Bailie, Biddulph, Chase, Crause and Ford were all accompanied by indentured servants, and the Biddulph, Reed and Hewson families had capital which they intended to invest in business enterprises at the Cape.
Unlike the directors of the other large settler parties, Bailie did not seek permission for a clergyman to accompany his party. He did, however, include three medical men: Dr Daniel O'Flinn (whose deposit he paid) and two surgeons, Edward Roberts and Peter Campbell. Campbell was one of several settlers who quarreled with Bailie before sailing and obtained permission to travel separately from the rest of the party. He sailed as surgeon in the Aurora and chose to be located with Sephton's party. Three 'gentleman settlers', Bishop Burnett, Henry Lovemore✿ and John Goodwin, broke away from the party to sail as independent emigrants in the Ocean, Sir John Osborn and Medusa transports respectively; Burnett and Goodwin received land grants in Albany, and Lovemore purchased a farm near Algoa Bay.
The party embarked in the Chapman transport at Deptford, in company with a small party led by John Carlisle - a last minute arrangement resulting from the reduction in size of Bailie's party which was to have occupied the whole ship. Patrick Bagley, a veteran soldier and shoemaker, missed the Chapman's sailing and was permitted to join Willson's party on La Belle Alliance instead. The Chapman sailed from Gravesend on 3 December 1819, and on 9 December dropped her pilot, as well as several seasick settlers, at the Downs.
Six babies were born at sea, and an epidemic of whooping-cough on board resulted in the deaths of five children under the age of 2 and one 5-year-old boy. The Chapman anchored in Table Bay on 17 March 1820, and was placed under quarantine; however, Sarah Reed was allowed to go on shore to marry the Chapman's Captain, John Milbank. A printing press belonging to Edward Roberts, Thomas Stringfellow and Robert Godlonton was confiscated by the authorities.
The Chapman was the first of the settler ships to anchor in Algoa Bay on 10 April 1820. William Low, one of Bailie's servants, did not land with the other settlers but remained on the ship as a sailor. Another servant, Christopher Franz, and Daniel Hockly, WD Cowper and John Leonard were offered employment while at Algoa Bay and permitted to leave the party. The remainder of the party was escorted by the Landdrost of Uitenhage, Colonel Cuyler, to its location at the mouth of the Great Fish River. Sixty-four one-acre lots were measured for a village which was named Cuyler Town (later Cuylerville). Bailie received a separate grant of land (The Hope) as did Simon Biddulph (Birbury).
In the confined quarters of an emigrant ship during their four months at sea, friction had developed among the settlers and Bailie's authoritarian attitude had created resentment. Soon after locating, permission was given for the party to subdivide into five smaller groups under Bailie, TP Adams, George Anderson, James Ford and Thomas Wakeford".
List of Bailie's Party
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Thomas Price-Adams 39. Wine merchant.
Wife Mary Barker 30.
George Anderson 48. Carpenter.
Wife Isabella Oliphant 45.
George Anderson 24. Carpenter.
Robert Anderson 26. Carpenter.
William Anderson 21. Carpenter.
John Bailie 31. Civil servant.
Wife Amelia Crause 28.
William Ball 31. Pensioner, 24th Regt (servant to JC Chase).
George Barton 21. Farmer.
Henry Belmour 29. Labourer. (servant to Henry Lovemore).
Wife Ann 28.
James Henry Biddulph 20. Grocer.
John Burnett Biddulph 23. Midshipman RN.
Simon Biddulph 58. Farmer.
Wife Ann Burnett 48.
Robert Michelmore Bovey 27. Farmer.
Alexander Byrne 36. Shoemaker.
Wife Elizabeth Harris 33.
John Centlivres Chase 24. Merchant.
Wife Arabella Broome Elliott 21.
- Louisa Chase 1 (died at sea).
William Thomas Collen 19. Labourer. (servant to Henry Lovemore).
(Later married Mary Jane Eastland of Menezes' Party)
James Cowper 10. (in the care of WD Cowper).
William Devereaux Cowper 21. Farmer.
Edward John Cox 25. Watchmaker.
- Edward 2.
Henry Augustus Crause 29. Capt.
Wife Helen 25.
Timothy Devine 33. Carpenter.
Wife Eleanor Jones 30.
John Duffy 42. Pensioner, 47th/81st Regt.
Wife Ann 44,
Mary Evenden 17. (servant to Henry Crause).
Timothy Flanegan 38. Gunsmith.
Wife Mary Coleditch 40.
William Forbes 27. Shoemaker.
James Edward Ford 50. Woolstapler.
Wife Frances Stransham 40.
John Christopher Franz 29. Vine dresser.
Wife Ann 25.
George Vernon Fulgon 23. Sugar planter.
George Futter 38. Shoemaker.
Wife Sarah Edwards 35.
Joseph Garland 44. Naval pensioner.
Wife Ann 42.
Robert Godlonton 25, Printer.
Wife Mary Ann Hex 27.
John Goodes 25. Plumber.
Wife Anna 24.
Joseph William Goodes 29. Plumber.
Wife Mary J. 26.
William Gray 18. Labourer. (servant to JE Ford).
John Foulis Goodwin 46 ✽ see below
Thomas Griffin 34. Gunsmith.
Wife Sarah Yates 31.
Bartholomew Gunning 42. Hatter.
Wife Mary 32.
William Harden 25. Cabinetmaker and upholsterer.
Wife Maria Darvill 25.
Wife Ann Walker 30. (This family of Knotts travelled under the name of Harrison).
William Hart 46. Cornet, Royal Wagon Train (half-pay).
John Henry Heath 26. Attorney.
Wife Maria 23.
Thomas William Hewson 42. Gunsmith.
Wife Elizabeth ? 38.
William Hex 17.
(brother of Mary Ann Godlonton)
Thomas Hezell or Hazell 19. Labourer.
Daniel Hockley 32. Silversmith.
Wife Elizabeth O'Moore 29.
James Hoole 31. Dyer and straw plat dealer.
Wife Jane Elizabeth Cotterell 32.
George King 31. 2nd Lieut Royal Marines (half-pay).
Richard King 27. Clerk.
(Later married Maria Harden of this Party.) (alias William Harrison together with his family above)
John Lawler 32. Sawyer.
Wife Ann McNamara 30
- Mary Lawler (born at sea).
James Leader 28. Farmer.
Wife Ann 30.
- Ann Leader 3,
- James Leader 1.
John Leech 39. Pensioner. Corpl 22nd Light Dragoons. (servant to Simon Biddulph).
John Leonard 29. Tanner.
Wife Elizabeth 25.
- Mary Ann Leonard 3,
- Elizabeth Leonard 2.
Lloyd Henry James 28. Worsted twister.
Wife Rebecca Poulton 26.
James Low, 20. Carpenter.
William Low, 19. Carpenter . (remained in Chapman as a member of the crew).
Mary McNamara 28.
(sister-in-law of John Lawler).
Philip Richard Marillier, 27. Businessman.
Thomas Mead, 19. Wheelwright.
(servant to Henry Lovemore).
Thomas Mills 21, Corn dealer.
(Later married Elizabeth Hill of Mill's Party)
William Nobbs, 31. Farmer.
Daniel O'Flynn, 27. Physician and surgeon.
Wife Margaret 28.
Edwin Oldham 21. Shopkeeper.
Joseph Oldham, 33. Master mariner.
Wife Dorcas Smith 30.
Thomas Wesley Oldham 27. Shopkeeper.
Michael Plewman, 40. Pensioner, Sergt of Marines.
Wife Isabella Leverton 37.
Thomas Plewman 23. Cabinetmaker.
William Reed 45. Farmer.
Wife Elizabeth Powell 37.
Edward Roberts, 27. Surgeon.
John Rose, 27. Silversmith.
John Rowles, 29. Clerk.
Wife Sarah Wright 27.
- Amelia Rowles, 2,
- John Rowles, 1 (died at sea).
John Saunders, 22. Shoemaker.
William Seymour, 32. Baker.
Wife Sarah 29.
James Shortman, 19. Labourer.
- James Quaile Somerville, 29. Baker.
George Stokes, 25. Bookbinder.
Thomas King Stringfellow 30. Printer.
Wife Ann Trott 30.
Richard Taylor, 30. Clerk.
John Thompson 26. Baker.
Wife Mary 29.
- John Thompson 6,
- James Thompson (born at sea).
- Henry Vokins, 38. Shoemaker. Wife Lucy 36.
- Mary Anne Vokins 17.
- William Wade, 20. Druggist.
Thomas Wakeford, 34. Gardener.
Wife Mary 36.
- Thomas Wakeford 13.
Bishop Burnett 33. Farmer.
Wife Mary Ann 28. (Sailed in Ocean).
- Edward Burnett 6,
- Thomas Deans 5.
John Foulis Goodwin, ✽ 46. Wine merchant.
Wife Mary Ann Beeston ✽ 39. (Sailed in Medusa).
Lovemore, Henry ✿ 35. Wine merchant.
Wife Ann Way ✿ 29, (Sailed in Sir George Osborn).
George Page ✽ 26 (servant to John Goodwin).
Wife Mary ✽ 23. (Sailed in Medusa)
Robert Way ✿ 51. Merchant.
(father-in-law to Henry Lovemore). (Sailed in Sir George Osborn).
Main sources for party list
Return of Settlers under the direction of John Bailie (Cape Archives CO 6138/1,94). This return was submitted by Bailie to the colonial office in Cape Town and includes births and deaths that occurred during the voyage.
George Stokes, a late addition to the party, was unaccountably omitted from the final return. WT Collen, an indentured servant of Henry Lovemore, was incorrectly listed as William Collins. 'William Harrison' is believed to have been an alias for Kemp Knott, whose reason for emigrating under a false name is not known; he reverted to the use of his real name about 1822. John Duffy, aged 8, was not listed in the final return but evidently emigrated with the rest of his family, as colonial records show he was on the location early in 1821.
- The names of Bishop Burnett ✽, John Goodwin ✽ and his servant George Page ✽, and Henry Lovemore and his father-in-law Robert Way ✿ have been added to the list of Bailie's party for ease of reference, although they separated from the party in England and sailed as independent settlers in different ships. They did not associate themselves with any other party. Two other former members of Bailie's party, Patrick Bagley and Peter Campbell, have been listed with Willson's and Sephton's parties respectively since they not only sailed with them but were located with them in Albany.
MD Nash, Bailie's Party of 1820 Settlers (Cape Town, AA Balkema, 1892).