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Scottish Clans

The purpose of this project is to list the Scottish clans and direct users to the project pages for individual clans where they exist on GENi. Interested parties are encouraged to develop pages for those not yet represented.

Scottish clans are family groups amongst the Scottish people which have shared identity and descent to members. Today they have an official structure which is recognised by the Court of the Lord Lyon, which regulates Scottish heraldry and coats of arms. Most clans have their own tartan patterns, usually dating from the 19th century.

The word 'clan' derives from the Gaelic form 'Clann', meaning 'children' or 'stock'. However it's meaning in Scots can be a tribe or race or can represent a family unit. At the head of the clan stands the Clan chief.

Tartan designs were historically associated with Lowland and Highland districts whose weavers tended to produce cloth patterns favoured in their districts. As a result the clans or families prominent in a district would wear the tartan of that district, and it evolved that the community became identified by it.

Many clans have their own clan chief; those that do not are known as armigerous clans. Clans are generally identified with geographical areas originally controlled by their founders, sometimes with an ancestral castle and clan gatherings which form a regular part of the social calendar.

For more information on Scottish names see -

Territorial Designations, the correct form.

by The Arms of Stuart Morris of Balgonie and Eddergoll, yr. - see attached essay.

By Stuart Morris of Balgonie and Eddergoll, yr.

Married Women's Bynames

Full article attached

"Modernly, in most English speaking cultures, a woman usually changes her surname to that of her husband when she marries. It is only a very recent development for modern women to either keep their own surnames or else combine their surnames with that of their husbands, and these practices are still not the norm. However, in Scotland the practice of a married woman using her husband's surname only began among certain classes in the 17th century, and only became the general norm in the late 19th or early 20th century. Even today, in Scottish law, a married woman is identified primarily by her original name, with any married name treated as an alias. So, for example, modernly if Elspeth Buchan marries Alexander Elphinstone and thereafter normally uses his surname, in the eyes of the Scottish law courts she is "Elspeth Buchan or Elphinstone".

In the middle ages, since most people did not have fixed, inherited family surnames anyway, there was no question of a woman changing her personal byname (which described her) to that of her husband (which, after all, described not her but him). Even among those times, cultures, and classes which did use fixed, inherited family surnames in Scotland, women did not normally change their surnames to that of their husbands on marriage.

As a consequence, in contrast to the modern English speaking world where we are used to thinking of a family as a group sharing the same surname, in medieval Scotland a family all using the same byname would have been an unusual coincidence. There were many families where each individual family member had a different byname. In the Scottish cultures where patronymic bynames were the norm (such as Gaelic culture), only children of the same gender who shared the same father would share the same byname, while their father and mother would each have a different one. Even in Scottish families from times and naming cultures that used fixed, inherited family surnames, only the father and his children would share the same surname. The mother's surname would be different. (Note that in such naming cultures, even bastard children would normally use their father's surname.)"

//photos.geni.com/p13/26/6b/71/34/5344483b38db3c66/scottish_clan_map_large.jpg

A full size image of this this map is available - use the magnifier for an even larger image.

KEY

  • ☀☀☀ Officially registered clans, with Clan Chiefs, that are registered with the Lord Lyon Court.
  • ☀☀ Officially registered clans, without Clan Chiefs, that are registered with the Lord Lyon Court.
  • ☀ Clans that the Lord Lyon Court has been told are in the process of applying for registration.
  • ☼ Not on Official Clan list at electricscotland.com - included here from the Wikipedia list of clans.

Classification taken from Official Scottish Clans and Families

List of Clans and Family names

References

Please link the Chiefs to profiles on GENi if they exist

Where the family is on GENi links have been/will be added to the earliest profile.

A

Clan Abercromby ☀☀

  • Abernethy; ☼
  • Seat: Abernethy, Perth and Kinross
  • (Beyond the Nethy)—a surname derived from a barony of that name in Lower Strathearn, Perthshire, which was possessed in the reign of William I. by Orme, the son of Hugh, who was styled Abbot of Abernethy, and whose descendants assumed the name of Abernathy.
  • Adair; ☼ Sept of Maxwell Clan.

Clan Adam ☀☀

  • Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Seat: Blair Adam, estate in Kinross-shire

Clan Agnew ☀☀☀

  • Aikenhead; ☼ Seat: Aikenhead, Lanarkshire
  • Ainslie; ☼ Seat: Dolphinstone Castle (ruin), Jedburgh
  • Aiton; ☼ Seat: Ayton, Berwickshire (Atton)
  • Allardice; ☼ Sept of Clan Graham. Seat: Allardice Castle, Kincardineshire
  • The ancient lands of Alrethes were given to Allardyce, in 1156. The Duke of Montrose laid waste to the lands in 1541. Lady Mary Graham was married to Sir John Allardice around 1644. Allardice castle which is 9 miles outside of Stonehaven was built around the 1600's? possibly earlier.

Clan Anderson ☀☀

  • Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Clan Anstruther ☀☀☀

  • Chief: Tobias Anstruther of that Ilk
  • NOTE from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ian_Anstruther; Due to differences between English law and Scottish law, one son, Sebastian (born prior to his parents' marriage), inherited the Scottish title, becoming 9th Baronet of Balcaskie and 11th Baronet of Anstruther (both being Nova Scotia or Scottish Baronetages). Obituaries to Sir Ian noted, erroneously, that the Great Britain Baronetcy of Anstruther (1798) had passed to his other son Toby (born after Sir Ian's second marriage)

Clan Arbuthnott ☀☀☀

Clan Armstrong ☀☀

  • Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Seat: Gilnockie Tower, Dumfries and Galloway
  • Arnott; ☼ Sept of Clan MacMillan
  • Seat: Arnott, Portmoak in Kinross-shire
  • See Arnott
  • Arthur; ☀☀☀ - see MacArthur

Clan Auchinleck ☀☀

  • Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Seat: Auchinleck- Argyllshire

B

Clan Baillie ☀☀

  • Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Baird ☀☀

  • Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Balfour; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Balfour
  • Bannatyne; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Bannerman; ☀☀☀ Chief: David Gordon Bannerman of Elsick, 15th Baronet
  • Barclay; ☀☀☀ Chief: Peter Barclay of Towie Barclay and of that Ilk Seat: Towie Barclay Castle, Aberdeenshire
  • Baxter; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Bell; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Middlebie
  • Belshes; ☼
  • BELSCHES, a surname of considerable antiquity in the south of Scotland, the first of the name north of the Tweed having, at an early period, possessed the estate of Belsches in Roxburghshire. Those of this name deduce their origin from the family of Ralph de Belasyse of Belasyse, in the county of Durham, whose daughter and heiress, Elgive, married Rowland, ancestor of the earl of Fanconberg, son and heir of Belusius, a Norman baron who came to England with William the Conqueror. The surname was variously written at different periods, Belasis, Belases, Belshes, Belshaes, and latterly Belsches.
  • Bethune; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Beveridge; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Brucefield, estate in Fife
  • Binning; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Barony of Binning, in the parish of Uphall, West Lothian
  • Bissett; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Blackadder; ☼
  • Seat: Old Tulliallan Castle, Kincardine, Fife
  • BLACKADDER, a surname derived from lands on the stream of that name in the Merse division of Berwickshire. The true meaning of the word is Blackwater, – adder, from the Cambro-British awedur, signifying ‘a running water.’ When applied to the stream, the word is usually pronounced, and sometimes written, Blackater.
  • Herbert Earl Blackstock formed Clan Blackstock with a few of his cousins about 1980. CBS was incorporated in the state of Texas on Nov 8 1991 as a fraternal nonprofit organization. Bob Martin designed our tartan and it was registered with the Scottish tartan society in 1982. Our clan status is based on the issuance of a coat of arms in 1565 and confirmed by a letter from Sir Crispin Agnew of Lochnaw and dated 13 March 1991.
  • Blair; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Blair, Ayrshire
  • Blane; ☼
  • BLANE, the name of a family in the county of Ayr, said to be descended from St. Blane, one of the most distinguished saints in the Scotch Calendar. It is, however, more probably territorial, and derived from lands – of which there were many in the west of Scotland – bestowed for support of an establishment, or a place of worship, called after his name.
  • Blyth; ☼ Seat: Lauderdale
  • Borthwick; ☀☀☀ Chief: John Hugh Borthwick of that Ilk, 24th Lord Borthwick Seat: Borthwick Castle, Lothian
  • Seat: Killincraig, Largs, North Ayrshire
  • BRISBANE, or BIRSBANE, a surname belonging to an ancient family which appear to have possessed Bishoptoun in Renfrewshire, holding of the lordship of Erskine, with lands in the counties of Stirling and Ayr, long prior to the date of any charters they have preserved, and now represented by the line of Brisbane of Brisbane in Ayrshire, and Mackerstoun in Roxburghshire.
  • Brodie; ☀☀☀ Chief: Alexander Tristan Duff Brodie of Brodie Seat: Brodie Castle, Morayshire
  • Broun; ☀☀☀ Chief: Sir Wayne Broun of Coultson, Bt. Seat: Colstoun House, East Lothian
  • Bruce; ☀☀☀ Chief: Andrew Douglas Alexander Thomas Bruce, 11th Earl of Elgin Seat: Broomhall Hall, Dunfermline

Clan Buchanan ☀☀

  • Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Burnett; ☀☀☀
  • Butter; ☼.
  • Byres; ☼
  • Seat: Byres Castle (ruin), Haddington, East Lothian
  • BYRES, a surname derived from a barony in the county of Haddington, which for many centuries belonged to the noble family of Lindsay, ancestor to the earls of Crawford, from whom it was acquired about the beginning of the seventeenth century, by the earl of Haddington, who is baron of Binning and Byres. The barony is now the property of the earl of Hopetoun.

C

  • Cairns; ☼
  • Calder; ☀☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Cawdor Castle, Nairnshire
  • Caldwell; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Caldwell, East Renfrewshire
  • Callender; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Callander, Stirlingshire

Clan Cameron; ☀☀☀

  • Chief: Donald Angus Cameron of Lochiel Seat: Achnacarry Castle, Fort William, Highlands
  • Campbell; ☀☀☀Chief: Torquhil Ian Campbell, 13th Duke of Argyll Seat: Inveraray Castle, Argyll and Bute
  • Campbell of Breadalbane; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Breadalbane
  • Campbell of Cawdor; ☀☀ Chief: Colin Campbell, 7th Earl Cawdor Seat: Cawdor Castle, Nairnshire
  • Carmichael; ☀☀☀ Chief: Richard Carmichael of Carmichael Seat: Carmichael, South Lanarkshire
  • Carnegie; ☀☀☀ Chief: James George Alexander Bannerman Carnegie, 3rd Duke of Fife Seat: Elsick House, Stonehaven, Kincardineshire
  • Carruthers, John de (BABT 1270); Chief: none, armigerous clan. Sept of Bruce.
  • Cathcart; ☀☀☀ Chief: Charles Alan Andrew Cathcart, 7th Earl Cathcart Seat: Gateley Hall
  • Chalmers; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Charteris; ☀☀☀ Chief: James Charteris, 13th Earl of Wemyss and 9th Earl of March Seat: Gosford House, East Lothian
  • Chattan; ☀☀☀ Captain: Malcolm K. MacKintosh of Clan Chattan
  • Cheyne; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Esslemont, Aberdeenshire
  • Chisholm; ☀☀☀ Chief: Hamish Chisholm of Chisholm
  • Clelland; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Cleland, North Lanarkshire
  • Clephane; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Carslogie, Fife

Clan Cochrane ☀☀☀

Chief: Iain Alexander Douglas Blair Cochrane, 15th Earl of Dundonald, 6th Marquess of MaranhãoSeat: Lochnell Castle, Argyllshire.

  • Cockburn; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Colquhoun; ☀☀☀ Chief: Sir Malcolm Rory Colquhoun of Luss, 9th Baronet Seat: Rossdhu Mansion, Argyll & Bute
  • Colville; ☀☀☀ Chief: John Mark Alexander Colville, 4th Viscount Colville of Culross
  • Congilton; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Craig; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Cranstoun; ☀☀☀ Chief: David Cranston of that Ilk and Corehouse

Clan Crawford ☀☀

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

  • Crichton; ☀☀☀ Chief: David Maitland Makgill Crichton of that Ilk Seat: Monzie Castle, Crieff
  • Crosbie; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Cumming; ☀☀☀ Chief: Sir Alexander Penrose Gordon Cumming of Altyre, 7th Bt. Seat: Altyre House, Morayshire

Cunningham Family ☀☀

  • Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Currie; ☀

D

  • Dalmahoy; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: barony of Dalmahoy, Midlothian
  • Dalrymple; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Dalrymple

Clan Dalziel; ☀☀

  • Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Seat: Dalziel
  • Darroch; ☀☀☀ Chief: Duncan Darroch of Gourock
  • Davidson; ☀☀☀ Chief: Alister Davidson of Davidston
  • Dennistoun; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Dewar; ☀☀☀ Chief: Michael Kenneth Dewar of that Ilk and Vogrie
  • Donnachaidh ☀☀☀ aka Clan Robertson; Chief: Alexander Robertson of Struan.

Clan Douglas ☀☀

  • Drummond; ☀☀☀ Chief: John Eric Drummond, 18th Earl of Perth
  • Dunbar; ☀☀☀ Chief: Sir James Dunbar of Mochrum, 14th Bt.
  • Duncan; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Dundas; ☀☀☀ Chief: David Dundas of Dundas
  • Dunlop; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Dunlop, in Cunningham, Ayrshire
  • Durie; ☀☀☀ Chief: Andrew Durie of Durie.

E

  • Edmonstone; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Edmonstone, Lothian
  • Eliott; ☀☀☀Chief: Margaret Eliott of Redheugh Seat: Redheugh, Roxburghshire
  • Elphinstone; Chief: The Rt. Hon. Lord Elphinstone
  • Erskine; ☀☀☀ Chief: James Thorne Erskine, 14th Earl of Mar and 16th Earl of Kellie

F

  • Fairlie; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Fairley, Ayrshire
  • Falconer; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Farquharson; ☀☀☀ Chief: Alwyne Farquharson of Invercauld
  • Fenton; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Fenton, Dirleton, East Lothian
  • Fergusson; ☀☀☀ Chief: Sir Charles Fergusson of Kilkerran, 9th Bt.
  • Fleming; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Fletcher; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Glenorchie, Argyll

Clan Forbes ☀☀☀

  • Forrester; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Corstorphine Castle (demolished), Corstorphine, Lothian
  • Forsyth; ☀☀☀ Chief: Alister Forsyth of that Ilk
  • Fotheringham; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Powrie, Inverarity, Forfarshire
  • Fraser; ☀☀☀ Chief: Flora Fraser, 21st Lady Saltoun
  • Fraser of Lovat; ☀☀☀ Chief: Simon Fraser, 18th Lord Lovat
  • Fullarton; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: barony of Fullarton, Ayrshire

G

  • Galbraith; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Galloway; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Garden ☀☀
  • Gardyne; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Gardyne Castle
  • Gartshore; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Gartshore, Kirkintilloch, Dunbartonshire
  • Gayre; ☀☀ Chief: Reinold Gayre of Gayre and Nigg
  • Ged; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Gibsone; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Gladstains; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Glas; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Glen; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Glendinning; Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Clan Gordon ☀☀☀

  • Chief: Granville Charles Gomer Gordon, 13th Marquess of Huntly
  • Seat: Aboyne Castle, Aberdeenshire
  • Earliest GENi profile: Adam de Gordon
  • Graham; ☀☀☀ Chief: James Graham, 8th Duke of Montrose Seat: Buchanan Castle, Stirlingshire

* Clan Grant ☀☀☀

  • Chief: James Patrick Trevor Grant of Grant, 6th Baron Strathspey
  • Gray; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Gregor; Chief: Sir Malcolm Gregor MacGregor of MacGregor, 7th Bart.
  • Grierson; ☀☀☀ Chief: Sarah Grierson of Lag

* Clan Gunn ☀☀

  • Chief: none (Iain Alexander Gunn of Banniskirk, Commander), armigerous clan
  • Guthrie; ☀☀☀Chief: Alexander Guthrie of Guthrie

H

  • Haig; ☀☀☀ Chief: George Alexander Eugene Douglas Haig, 2nd Earl Haig
  • Haldane; ☀☀☀ Chief: Martin Haldane of Gleneagles Seat: Gleneagles, Perthshire
  • Haliburton; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Haliburton, Berwickshire
  • Halkerston; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Rathillet, Fife
  • Halket; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Pitfirran, Fife
  • Hall; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Liddesdale, Roxburghshire

Clan Hamilton ☀☀☀

  • Hannay; ☀☀☀ Chief: David Hannay of Kirkdale and of that Ilk.

Hay ☀☀☀

  • Chief: Merlin Sereld Victor Gilbert Moncreiffe, 24th Earl of Erroll
  • Henderson; ☀☀☀ Chief: Alistair Donald Henderson of Fordell
  • Hepburn; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Heron; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Heron, Kirkcudbrightshire
  • Herries; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Hog; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Newliston House, Kirkliston, Lothian
  • Home; ☀☀☀ Chief: David Douglas-Home, 15th Earl of Home
  • Hope; ☀☀☀ Chief: Sir John Hope of Craighall, Bt.
  • Hopkirk; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Horsburgh; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Houston; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Houston
  • Hunter; ☀☀☀ Chief: Pauline Hunter of Hunterston Seat: Hunterston
  • Hutton; Chief: none, armigerous clan.

I

  • Inglis; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Innes; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Irvine; ☀☀☀ Chief: David Charles Irvine of Drum. Seat: Drum Castle, Aberdeenshire

J

  • Jardine; ☀☀☀Chief: Sir William Murray Jardine of Applegirth, 13th Bt.
  • Johnstone; ☀☀☀Chief: Patrick Andrew Wentworth Johnstone of Annandale and of that Ilk, 11th Earl of Annandale and Hartfell

K

  • Keith; ☀☀☀Chief: James William Falconer Keith, 14th Earl of Kintore Seat: Keith Hall, Aberdeenshire
  • Kelly; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Kennedy; ☀☀☀ Chief: Archibald Angus Charles Kennedy, 8th Marquess of Ailsa
  • Kerr; ☀☀☀ Chief: Michael Andrew Foster Jude Kerr, 13th Marquess of Lothian
  • Kincaid; ☀☀☀ Chief: Arabella Kincaid of Kincaid
  • Kinloch; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Kinnaird; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Kinnear; ☀☀ Chief: The Clan, although not ruled by a Chief, has a senior male in the way of Malcolm MacIntyre Kinnear armigerous clan.
  • Kinninmont; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Kirkcaldy; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Kirkcaldy, Fife
  • Kirkpatrick; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.

L

  • Laing; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Lammie; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Lamont; ☀☀☀ Chief: The Rev. Father Peter Lamont of that Ilk
  • Langlands; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Learmonth; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Leask; ☀☀☀ Chief: Jonathan Leask of that Ilk.
  • Lennox; ☀☀☀ Chief: Edward Lennox of that Ilk
  • Leslie; ☀☀☀ Chief: James Malcolm David Leslie, 22nd Earl of Rothes
  • Lindsay; ☀☀☀ Chief: Robert Alexander Lindsay, 29th Earl of Crawford and 12th Earl of Balcarres
  • Little; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Lockhart; ☀☀☀ Chief: Angus Lockhart of The Lee
  • Logan; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Logie; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Lumsden; ☀☀☀ Chief: Gillem Lumsden of that Ilk
  • Lundin; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Lyle; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Lyon; ☀☀☀ Chief: Michael Fergus Bowes-Lyon, 18th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne

M

  • MacAlister; ☀☀☀ Chief: William MacAlester of Loup and Kennox

Clan MacAlpine

Clan MacArthur ☀☀☀

  • MacAulay; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • MacBain; ☀☀☀ Chief: James McBain of McBain
  • MacBrayne; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • MacCorquodale; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • MacCulloch; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • MacKerrell; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • MacDonald; ☀☀☀ Chief: Godfrey James Macdonald of Macdonald, 8th Baron Macdonald of Slate
  • MacDonald of Clanranald; ☀☀☀ Chief: Ranald Alexander MacDonald, Captain of Clanranald
  • MacDonald of Keppoch; ☀☀☀ Chief: Ranald Macdonald of Keppoch
  • MacDonald of Sleat; ☀☀☀ Chief: Sir Ian MacDonald of Sleat, Bt.
  • MacDonell of Glengarry; ☀☀☀ Chief: Ranald MacDonnell of Glengarry
  • MacDougall; ☀☀☀ Chief: Madame Morag MacDougall of MacDougall

Clan MacDowall ☀☀☀

  • MacDuff; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • MacEwen; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • MacFarlane; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • MacFie; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • MacGillivray; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • MacGregor; ☀☀☀
  • MacInnes; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • MacIntyre; ☀☀☀ Chief: Donald R. MacIntyre of Glenoe Seat: Glenoe, Argyll and Bute
  • MacIver; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • MacKay; ☀☀☀ Chief: Hugh William Mackay, 14th Lord Reay

Clan MacKenzie ☀☀☀

  • Chief: John Ruaridh Grant MacKenzie, 5th Earl of Cromartie
  • Seat: Castle Leod, Ross-shire
  • MacKie; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • MacKinnon; ☀☀☀ Chief: Madam Anne Mackinnon of Mackinnon.
  • MacKintosh; ☀☀☀ Chief: John Lachaln Mackintosh of Mackintosh
  • MacLachlan; ☀☀☀Chief: Euan Maclachlan of Maclachlan.
  • MacLaine of Lochbuie; ☀☀☀ Chief: Lorne MacLaine of Lochbuie
  • MacLaren; ☀☀☀ Chief: Donald MacLaren of MacLaren and Achleskine
  • MacLea or Livingstone; ☀☀☀ Chief: Niall Livingstone of Bachuil

Clan Maclean ☀☀☀

  • Chief: Major The Hon Sir Lachlan MacLean of Duart and Morvern, Bt.
  • MacLellan; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • MacLennan; ☀☀☀ Chief: Ruairidh MacLennan of MacLennan
  • MacLeod; ☀☀☀ Chief: Hugh Magnus MacLeod of MacLeod Seat: Dunvegan Castle, Isle of Skye
  • MacLeod of the Lewes; ☀☀☀ Chief: Torquil MacLeod of the Lewes
  • MacMillan; ☀☀☀ Chief: George MacMillan of Macmillan and Knap
  • MacNab; ☀☀☀ Chief: James Macnab of Macnab
  • MacNaghten; ☀☀☀ Chief: Sir Patrick Macnaghten of Macnaghten, Bt.
  • MacNeacail; ☀☀☀ Chief: John MacNeacail of MacNeacail and Scorrybreac
  • MacNeil; ☀☀☀ Chief: Ian R. MacNeil of Barra
  • MacNicol; ☀☀
  • MacPherson; ☀☀☀ Chief: Sir William Macpherson of Cluny
  • MacQuarrie; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • MacQueen; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • MacRae; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • MacTavish; ☀☀☀ Chief: Steven MacTavish of Dunardry
  • MacThomas; ☀☀☀ Chief: Andrew MacThomas of Finegand
  • Maitland; ☀☀☀ Chief: Ian Maitland, 18th Earl of Lauderdale
  • Makgill; ☀☀☀ Chief: Ian Arthur Alexander Makgill, 14th Viscount of Oxfuird
  • Malcolm (MacCallum); ☀☀☀ Chief: Robin Malcolm of Poltalloch
  • Mar; ☀☀☀ Chief: Margaret of Mar, 30th Countess of Mar
  • Marjoribanks; ☀☀☀ Chief: Andrew George Marjoribanks of that Ilk
  • Masterton; Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Clan Matheson ☀☀☀

  • Chief: Fergus John Matheson of Matheson, 7th Bt.
  • Maule; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Maxton; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Maxwell; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Meldrum; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Melville; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Menzies; ☀☀☀ Chief: David R.S. Menzies of Menzies
  • Mercer; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Clan Middleton ☀☀

  • Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Moffat; ☀☀☀ Chief: Jean Moffat of that Ilk
  • Moncreiffe; ☀☀☀ Chief: Peregrine Moncreiffe of that Ilk
  • Moncur; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Monteith; Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Montgomery ☀☀☀

  • Chief: Archibald George Montgomerie, 18th Earl of Eglinton and 6th Earl of Winton
  • Monypenny; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Pitmilly, Fife
  • Morrison; ☀☀☀ Chief: Dr. Iain Morrison of Ruchdi
  • Mouat; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Moubray; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Mow; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Muir; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Muirhead; ☀
  • Munro; ☀☀☀ Chief: Hector W. Munro of Foulis Seat: Foulis Castle, Ross-shire
  • Murray; ☀☀☀ Chief: Bruce Murray, 12th Duke of Atholl
  • Murray of Atholl; ☀☀

N

  • Nairn; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Nairn, Nairnshire
  • Napier; ☀☀☀ Chief: Francis Nigel Napier, 14th Lord Napier
  • Nesbitt; ☀☀☀ Chief: Mark Nesbitt of that Ilk
  • Nevoy; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Newlands; ☀☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Newton; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Nicolson; ☀☀☀ Chief: Vacant
  • Norvel; Chief: none, armigerous clan.

O

  • Ochterlony; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Ogilvy; ☀☀☀ Chief: David George Patrick Coke Ogilvy, 8th Earl of Airlie
  • Oliphant; ☀☀☀ Chief: Richard Oliphant of that Ilk
  • Orrock; Chief: none, armigerous clan.

P

  • Paisley; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Paterson; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Patullo;
  • Pennycook; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Pentland; Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Peter of Crossbasket

  • Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Pitblado; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Pitcairn; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Pollock; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Polwarth; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Porterfield; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Preston; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Primrose; ☀☀☀ Chief: Neil Primrose, 7th Earl of Rosebery
  • Pringle; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Purves; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.

R

  • Rait; Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Ralston - Scottish family name; ☼

  • Ramsay; ☀☀☀ Chief: James Hubert Ramsay, 17th Earl of Dalhousie
  • Rattray; ☀☀☀ Chief: Lachlan Rattray
  • Renton; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Riddell; ☀☀☀ Chief: Sir John Riddell of that Ilk, Bt.
  • Robertson; ☀☀☀ Chief: Gilbert Robertson of Struan
  • Rollo; ☀☀☀ Chief: David Eric Howard Rollo, 14th Lord Rollo
  • Rose; ☀☀☀Chief: Anna Elizabeth Guillemard Rose of Kilravock

Clan Ross ☀☀☀

  • Chief: David Campbell Ross of Ross and Balnagowan
  • The first of the chiefs was Farquhar Ross, Earl of Ross from the O’Beolain family, also known as ‘Fearchar Mac-an-t-sagairt’ (meaning “son of the priest”) of Applecross.
  • Rossie; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Russell; Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Rutherford ☀☀

  • Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Ruthven; ☀☀☀ Chief: Alexander Patrick Greysteil Ruthven, 2nd Earl of Gowrie

S

  • Sandilands; ☀☀☀ Chief: The Rt. Hon. the Lord Torphichen
  • Schaw; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Scott; ☀☀☀ Chief: Richard Walter John Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 10th Duke of Buccleuch 12th Duke of Queensberry
  • Scrymgeour; ☀☀☀ Chief: Alexander Henry Scrymgeour of Dundee, 12th Earl of Dundee
  • Sempill; ☀☀☀ Chief: James William Stuart Whitmore Sempill, 21st Lord Sempill
  • Seton; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Seton Palace, East Lothian

* Clan Shaw of Tordarroch ☀☀☀

  • Chief: John Shaw of Tordarroch

* Clan Sinclair ☀☀☀

  • Chief: Malcolm Ian Sinclair, 20th Earl of Caithness
  • Skene; ☀☀☀ Chief: Danus Skene of Skene
  • Skirving; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Somerville; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Spalding; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Spens; ☀☀ Chief: Patrick Spens, 4th Baron Spens
  • Spottiswood; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Spottiswood, Gordon, Berwickshire
  • Stewart; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Stewart of Appin; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Stirling; ☀☀☀ Chief: Francis John Stirling of Cader
  • Strachan; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Straiton; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Strange; ☀☀☀ Chief: Timothy Strange of Balcaskie
  • Stuart of Bute; ☀☀☀ Chief: The Most Hon. the Marquess of Bute
  • Sutherland; ☀☀☀ Chief: Elizabeth Millicent Sutherland, 24th Countess of Sutherland
  • Swinton; ☀☀☀ Chief: John Walter Swinton of that Ilk
  • Sydserf; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Ruchlaw estate (see Stenton), East Lothian
  • Symmers; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Baljordie, Angus

T

  • Tailyour; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Tait; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Pirn, Tweeddale
  • Tennant; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Thompson; ☀☀
  • Trotter; ☀☀ Chief: Alexander Trotter of Mortonhall
  • Troup; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Turnbull; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Tweedie; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.

U

  • Udny; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Udny Castle, Aberdeenshire
  • Urquhart; ☀☀☀ Chief: Kenneth Trist Urquhart of Urquhart

U

  • Vans; Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Dirleton Castle, East Lothian

W

  • Walkinshaw; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Wallace; ☀☀☀ Chief: Ian Francis Wallace of that Ilk
  • Wardlaw; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Torry, Fife
  • Watson;☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Wauchope; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Wedderburn; ☀☀☀ Chief: Henry David Wedderburn of that Ilk, Lord Scrymgeour, Master of Dundee
  • Weir; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Wemyss; ☀☀☀ Chief: David Wemyss of that Ilk
  • Whitefoord; Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Whitelaw; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Wishart; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.
  • Wood; ☀☀☀ Chief: Timothy Michael Herbert Fawcett Wood of Largo

Y

  • Young; ☀☀ Chief: none, armigerous clan.

References, Sources and further reading

Books

  • The Clans of Scotland - The Hisatory and Landscape of the Scottish Clans by Micheil MacDonald
  • The Clans of the Scottish Highlands The Costumes of the Clans - R R McIan and text by James Logan.

Reference can also be made to the following books available in many public libraries:

  • "Scottish Family History" by Margaret Stuart and Sir James Balfour Paul (Oliver & Boyd, 1930).

Introduction regarding nature, form and sources for family histories, useful to both inquirers and family historians, and Index of published Family Histories to 1928.

  • "Scottish Family Histories" held in Scottish Libraries, by Joan P .S. Ferguson (Scottish Central Library, Edinburgh, 1960, and revised edition compiled by Joan P.S. Ferguson assisted by Dennis Smith and Peter Wellburn, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1986).
  • "The Surnames of Scotland" by George F. Black (New York Public Library, 1946).

Debrett's and Burke's Peerages and Burke's Landed Gentry give the genealogies of many Chiefs and landed families.

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