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Jewish Families from Prostějov (Prossnitz), Moravia, Czech Republic

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  • Rudolfine Zeckendorf (1872 - 1942)
    RUDOLFINA ZECKENDORFOVÁ Born 18. 08. 1872 Last residence before deportation: Prague XII Address/place of registration in the Protectorate: Prague XII, Grégrova 23 Transport AA...
  • Dr. Jur. Max Zweig (1892 - 1992)
    Max Zweig (* 22. Juni 1892 in Prossnitz, Mähren; † 5. Januar 1992 in Jerusalem) war ein österreichisch-jüdischer Dramatiker. Leben / Werk Nach einem Jurastudium, das e...
  • Emil Husserl (1869 - 1942)
    according to Hans Jantsch- was born 5 Feb or 6 Dec 1869 and died 27 April 1942 Deportation: 27 Apr 1942 Vienna-Wiodawa Dokumentationsarchiv des österreichischen Widerstandes First Name E...
  • Helene Zweig (1865 - 1942)
    Source: Terezinska Pametni Kniha/Theresienstaedter Gedenkbuch, Terezinska Iniciativa, vol. I-II Melantrich, Praha 1995, vol. III Academia Verlag, Prag 2000 Last Name: Zweigova First Name: Helena Gender...
  • Otto Zweig (1874 - 1942)
    Deportation: 8 July 1942 transport AAo from Olmuetz to Teresienstadt Born 11. 01. 1874 Last residence before deportation: Olomouc Address/place of registration in the Protectorate: Olomouc ...

Austrian manufacturing town, in the province of Moravia. Probably its earliest Jewish settlement dated from the latter half of the fifteenth century, when exiles from Olmütz found a refuge there (1454). Up to the time when the restriction on the freedom of residence of Jews in Austria was removed, Prossnitz was the second largest congregation in Moravia, numbering 328 families (see Familianten Gesetz). The congregation first emerged from obscurity in the beginning of the seventeenth century, when Simḥah ben Gershon Rapoport printed there a collection of Sabbath hymns ("Ḳol Simḥah," 1602). The printing-press, however, did not exist very long, nor did it produce any works of consequence.

Aron Lobl haLevi Spitz, who was born in Nikosburg in 1767, became rabbi in about 1799 and lived at Schulgasse #31. He served until about 1813. Other rabbis who are known to have officiated in Prossnitz are: Gershon Ashkenazi (c. 1650); Meïr Eisenstadt (Ash; c. 1700); Nahum (Nehemias) Trebitsch (until 1830); Löw Schwab (1830-36); Hirsch B. Fassel (1836-53); Adolf Schmiedl (1853-69); Emil Hoff (1870-97); L. Goldschmied (since 1897).

During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries Prossnitz was the center of the Shabbethaian heresy, notably because of the influence of Löbele of Prossnitz. In the first half of the nineteenth century the town became the center of the educational and Reform movement in the province. Löw Schwab was the first German preacher in Moravia, and his successor, Hirsch B. Fassel, worked for the progress of education, the reform of religious services, and the encouragement of manual industry. He also petitioned Emperor Ferdinand in the interest of the political emancipation of the Jews. Through the activity of the Jews Prossnitz has become an industrial center for the manufacture of clothing and calico. The fact that the Jews have always sided with the small German minority of the city's population against the Slavic majority has often produced friction.

Prossnitz had many Talmudic scholars. Moses Sofer, who lived there about 1790, conducted a yeshibah; and during the first half of the nineteenth century Moses Katz Wannefried presided over a large yeshibah which numbered Adolf Jellinck among its pupils. Of Jewish scholars and other well-known persons born in Prossnitz, Moritz Steinschneider, Moritz Eisler, Gideon Brecher, and Louis Schnabel of New York may be mentioned. Among the prominent Orthodox rabbis who were natives of Prossnitz were Daniel Prosṭiẓ Steinschneider of Presburg, and Menahem Katz, rabbi of Deutsch-Kreuz, for years the recognized leader of Hungarian Orthodoxy. A number of artists and scholars were born at Prossnitz, as the pianist Brüll.

Prossnitz has a synagogue, dedicated in 1904, a bet ha-midrash, founded by Veit Ehrenstamm, and numerous foundations for charitable purposes. The former Jewish school was made a public school in 1868, but is still largely attended by Jewish pupils. The town of Prossnitz has a population of 24,000, of whom 1,680 are Jews (1900).

The following profiles represent the various families in Prostejov:

  1. Bernhard Back (1796-1870)
  2. Sigmund Beer (1837-1910)
  3. Aron Broch
  4. Ignatz Brüll
  5. Veith Ehrenstamm (1763-1827)
  6. Rabbi Heinrich Henrik Friedmann (ca 1823 -1891)
  7. Abraham Fröhlich
  8. Dawid Funk
  9. Simon Hamburger
  10. Salomon Hirsch
  11. Josef Horn
  12. Herschel Husserl (1783-1827)
  13. Sinaj Jelinek
  14. Emanuel Lang (1793-1870)
  15. Maximilian Mandl
  16. Selinger
  17. Josef Singer (1786-1850)
  18. Gabriel Spitzer
  19. Joseph Steinschneider (c. 1801)
  20. Abraham Benjamin? Wolf (- 1875)
  21. Moses Zweig (1750-1840)
  22. Moses Gerson Wertheim of Prossnitz (c. 1690/2-1770)
  23. Meir Marx Wertheim of Prossnitz (c. 1680-1757)
  24. Waitzenkorn/Weizenkorn

See for an overview of the town and especially for the town's Holocaust history, along with many portraits of victims.