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Baldwin Families of America and their Ancestors

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There is a lot of confusion about the Baldwin families. This project will attempt to distinguish the several early Baldwin families who immigrated to America, listing for each a founder's profile, where that family first settled, where they "removed" to, and what is known or speculated about their origin and their relationship to other Baldwin families. In addition, most importantly, we will list sources of genealogical information about the various Baldwin families.

For fun, we'll compile a list of famous Baldwins and Baldwin descendants as well.

Billerica, MA

Branford or North Branford, CT

Canterbury, CT

Cavendish, VT

Chester, PA

Durham, Connecticut

Durham, New York

  • Dwight Baldwin, son of Seth of Durham, Connecticut, moved to Honolulu, Hawaii

Fairfield, CT

Freehold, NJ

Hadley, MA

  • Joseph Baldwin (c. 1609) , originally of Milford, Connecticut. See below. Brother of Nathaniel Sr. and Timothy.
  • Joseph Baldwin, Jr. (1640), originally of Milford, Connecticut. He settled in Hadley with his father. His son, Joseph, settled in Malden, Massachusetts.

Honolulu, HI

Hopewell Township, NJ

Long Island, NY

Malden, MA

  • Joseph 1640 was in Milford, but his sons James 1666, Joseph 1663 etc were born in Malden, Massachusetts
  • Joseph 1692 was b. Malden....I believe all sibings too, including David 1701.
  • David 1701 was in Malden but moved to Spencer, Massachusetts
  • Joseph Baldwin (1663), son of Joseph Jr. of Milton and Hadley, Massachusetts

Milford, CT

  • John Baldwin, Sr. of Aston-Clinton, Bucks County, England. Came with the other Baldwin families from Bucks County and appears to be the nephew of Sylvester Baldwin. Married Mary Camp and Mary Bruen. His sons were:
  • John Baldwin Jr. He married Hannah Bruen and Ruth Botsford. John Baldwin Jr. moved to Newark, New Jersey where his first wife, Hannah Bruen's father, Obadiah Bruen, was one of the founders.
  • Josiah Baldwin of Milford, Connecticut
  • Nathaniel Baldwin of Milford, Connecticut. Married Sarah Phippen.
  • Family of Sylvester Baldwin and Sarah Bryan of "Chapel Farm", St. Leonards, Aston-Clinton, Bucks County, England. Sylvester Baldwin died enroute to America aboard the Martin in July 1638. Their two sons were:
  • Three Baldwin brothers from Cholesbury, Bucks County
  • Joseph Baldwin Arrived in Milford, Connecticut in 1639. He married Hannah Whitlock, Isabel Northam, and Elizabeth (Hitchcock) Warriner. Joseph Baldwin moved to Hadley in 1663.
  • Nathaniel Baldwin Sr. of Milford. Married Abigail Camp. Married Joanne Westcott of Fairfield. Moved to Fairfield in 1653.

New Haven, CT

Norwich, CT

Newark, NJ

Palo Alto, CA

South Orange, New Jersey

Spencer, MA

Stonington, CT

Wallingford, CT

Woburn, MA

Notes (Work in Progress)

Baldwin (Buckinghamshire)

There were several different Baldwin families who settled early in Milford and they are often confused:

1. John Baldwin (b 1619) of Aston-Clinton, Buckinghamshire, husband of Mary Camp and second of Mary Bruen;
2. Sarah Baldwin (Bryan), widow of Sylvester Baldwin and her children, who hailed from "Chapel Farm", St. Leonards in Aston-Clinton, Buckinghamshire, and included Richard Baldwin (b 1622) and younger brother John Baldwin (b 16 );
3. Joseph (b bet. 1609 - 1612), Nathaniel and Timothy Baldwin of Cholesbury, Buckinghamshire.

John Baldwin was born June 24, 1619 in Aston-Clinton, Buckinghamshire, England.

Sarah Balwin (Bryan) was the widow of Sylvester Baldwin of who died aboard the Martin in July 1638. Richard Baldwin (Lot 2), was the eldest son of Sylvester Baldwin. He with his mother Sarah, brother John and sisters Sarah, Mary, Martha and Ruth, lived in Milford and died there July 29, 1665. He married in 1642, Elizabeth Alsop, sister of Joseph Alsop (1621-1698), and had five sons and six daughters.was subsequently associated with Edward Riggs Sr in establishing the Derby Plantation in CT, but he died in 1665 prior to the move to Newark. His daughter Sarah Baldwin married Samuel Riggs, the middle son of Edward Riggs Sgt (Lot 63); Samuel remained in Derby after the rest of his family moved on to Newark. Sarah's Elizabeth married Zachariah Burwell, son of John Burwell (Lot 44), and her sister Temperance married Nathan Burwell, Zachariah's younger brother. John Balwin Sr. (Lot 13) was Richard's younger brother, and thus Sarah (Baldwin) Riggs's uncle. He had settled there in 1639, a year before Richard, and subsequently moved with Edward Riggs to Newark NJ.

Savage does not identify any relationship between these two brothers and Nathaniel Baldwin (Lot 7), Timothy Baldwin (Lot 22) or Joseph Baldwin (Lot 52), nor between any of these last three, all of whom settled in 1639. He does however refer elsewhere to "the great host" in New England with the surname Baldwin. Edward Atwater says that Nathaniel, Joseph, and Timothy Baldwin were brothers, sons of Richard Baldwin of Cholesbury, Buckinghamshire, England. The father, Richard Baldwin, with his wife, Abigail Camp (d. March 22, 1647-8), daughter of Nicholas Camp, was in Milford in 1639. He died in 1650, leaving three sons and a daughter Abigail.

Joseph Baldwin was born between 1609 and 1612 in Cholesbury, Buckinghamshire. He and his wife, Hannah Whitlock (married on 10 November 1636 in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire), daughter of John Whitlock, had four sons and five daughters. Joseph Baldwin and Hannah Whitlock immigrated circa 1639. He first appeared in Milford, CT in Nov 1639. He joined the church in Milford, New Haven Colony on 23 June 1644. Four of their children were baptized on the same day, 23 June 1644. About 1663 he removed to Hadley; was a freeman there in 1666. He married for a second wife circa 1661 Mrs. Isabel Ward Northram, widow of James Northram of Hartford, and before that a widow of John Catlin; her son, John Catlin married Mary Baldwin, one of Joseph's daughters. For a third wife he married Mrs. Elizabeth Gibbons Warriner; d. April 26, 1696, widow of Luke Hitchcock and William Warriner (d. 1676) of Springfield; he died 1690 at Hadley. He left a will on 20 December 1680. Joseph Baldwin died on 2 November 1684 in Hadley, Massachusetts Bay Colony.

Timothy Baldwin (16__-1665) had a town lot in New Haven in 1640, but is not recorded there as a resident. By his wife, Mary (d. July 21, 1647), he had three daughters. He married in 1647, Mrs. Mary (_____) Mepham (d. before 1670), widow of John Mepham of Guilford. By this second wife he had three or more children. There were no descendants of this settler in the Baldwin line. His son Timothy had no sons that grew up and were married.

Famous Baldwins and Baldwin Descendants


  • Families of early Milford, Connecticut compiled by Susan Woodruff Abbott ; edited and prepared for publication by Jacquelyn L. Ricker. Baltimore [Maryland] : Genealogical Pub. Co., c1979, 875 p.
  • The Baldwin genealogy from 1500 to 1881 (1881), Author: Baldwin, C. C. (Charles Candee), 1834-1895. Subject: Baldwin family. Publisher: Cleveland, O, [Leader printing company] Possible copyright status: NOT_IN_COPYRIGHT