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Collaborators, the Kenpeitai and the Makapili

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  • Aurelio Sevilla Alvero (1913 - 1958)
    Aurelio Alvero was a brilliant intellectual who was convicted of collaboration with the Japanese. He was in prison in 1945-47 and 1950-52. Sources * Grant K. Goodman (1996). Aurelio Alvero: Traitor or ...
  • Jorge B. Vargas (1890 - 1980)
    Jorge B. Vargas was a Filipino youth advocate, lawyer and politician. He was a founding member of the Philippine Amateur Athletic Federation (now the Philippine Olympic Committee) in 1911 and was also ...
  • Manuel Acuna Roxas (1892 - 1948)
    Manuel Acuña Roxas was the fifth President of the Philippines. He served as president from the granting of independence in 1946 until his abrupt death in 1948. Roxas was born on January 1, 1892 in Capi...
  • Claro M. Recto (1890 - 1960)
    Claro Mayo Recto was a Filipino politician, jurist, poet and statesman. More here: "Find A Grave Index," database, FamilySearch ( : accessed 8 July 2015), Claro M Recto, 1960; Burial, National Capital,...
    Emilio Aguinaldo (1869 - 1964)
    Emilio Famy Aguinaldo was the first president of the Philippines. Aguinaldo was rushed to Veterans Memorial Medical Center in Quezon City on October 5, 1962, under the care of Dra. Juana Blanco Fernand...

The Japanese occupation of the Philippines from 1942 to 1945 saw the emergence of two groups organized to aid the Japanese Imperial Army.

1) The Kenpeitai was the military police arm of the Imperial Japanese Army from 1881 to 1945. It was both a conventional military police and a secret police force. Filipinos were recruited to discharge the functions of the military police. A member of the corps was called a "kenpei".

2) The Makabayang Katipunan ng mga Pilipino (Patriotic Association of Filipinos), better known as the Makapili, was a militant civilian group formed in the Philippines in 1944 to assist the Imperial Japanese Army in various communities. Organised by Benigno Ramos and Artemio Ricarte, the group was born out of José P. Laurel's refusal to conscript Filipinos for Japan. After the war, the group was disbanded and vilified for its involvement in some Japanese atrocities in the islands and individual members faced trials for treason. The term "makapili" is still used today in the Tagalog vernacular to refer to a traitorous whistle blower.

Image: The Makapili members typically wore straw bags (called "bayong" in Tagalog) with peek holes over their heads while pointing out guerillas to the Japanese Imperial Army.

This sub-project aims to organize genealogical data on notable collaborators of the invading Japanese forces. Find more at the master project page, Families of the Philippines.

Kenpeitai :: Pablo Cueto Amorsolo

Makapili :: Pio Duran :: Benigno Ramos :: Artemio Ricarte

Other Collaborators :: Emilio Aguinaldo :: Benigno Q. Aquino, Sr. :: Aurelio Sevilla Alvero :: Ramón Avanceña :: Leon Guinto Sr. :: José Laurel Jr. :: José Laurel III :: Jose P. Laurel :: Vicente Lopez Madrigal :: Gil Montilla :: Elisa Ochoa :: Camilo Osías :: Quintín Paredes :: Claro M. Recto :: Eulogio Rodriguez :: Manuel Acuna Roxas :: Jorge B. Vargas :: Alberto A. Villavert :: José Yulo


How to Contribute

  1. Please click the "Join Project" button on the upper right of the project page.
  2. After adding yourself as a "Follower" or "Collaborator", select the profile of the accomplished individual you wish to add.
  3. Navigate to that profile. Under the "More Actions" link, choose "Add to Project" and select sub-project to which that profile should be included in.
  4. Include in the "About Me" section a brief biographical sketch, summarizing the person's significant contributions and accomplishments. (Required)
  5. Include a photograph, if one exists.
  6. Mark the profile as "public" and not "private". (Required)