Archibald Dunlop

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Archibald Dunlop

Also Known As: "Archibald Dunlop"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Probably at Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Kingdom of Scotland (not yet part of the United Kingdom)
Death: September 24, 1713
Stratford, Fairfield County, Colonial Connecticut, afterwards part of the United States of America
Place of Burial: Stratford, Fairfield County, Colonial Connecticut, afterwards part of the United States of America
Immediate Family:

Son of James Dunlop of Garnkirk and Elizabeth Roberton
Husband of Mary Beach
Father of Captain James Dunlop; Private and Private
Brother of Bessie Dunlop; William Dunlop, Merchant in Glasgow; James Dunlop, 3rd of Garnkirk; Margaret Dunlop; John Dunlop and 7 others

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Archibald Dunlop

ARCHIBALD DUNLOP

Merchant trading to New York and the Spanish Main

Archibald Dunlope (1672) Archibaldus Dunlop (1688) Archibald Dunlop (1701) Mr. Archabell Dunlap (1705) Archibald Dunlop (1708) Archibald Dunlop (1711) Mr Archibald Dunlap (1712) Mr. Archibald Dunlop of Stratford (1713) Mr Archable Dunlap (1713)

Archibald Dunlop, here treated, is the son of James Dunlop of Garnkirk and his wife Elizabeth Roberton He was born before 21 November 1672, the date upon which his baptism was registered at Glasgow. His baptismal record reads as follows: "James Dunlope of Garnkirk & Elizabeth Robertoune a l. sone Ard Witnesss Sir Ard Stewart of Castellmilk & Mr Ard Robertoune of Bedlay". [National Records of Scotland, Glasgow Baptisms, 1670-88, reference OPR.644/1/6] Image of Baptismal Record

Archibald Dunlop, here treated, was a merchant in Colonial New York in 1701. He traded with the Spanish Main. Old County Houses This information comes from a letter written in New York on 9 September 1701, which Archibald Dunlop sent to "The Laird of Garnkirk", that is his brother James Dunlop, third of Garnkirk. [Mitchell Library, City Archives, Dunlop of Garnkirk Papers, reference TD1708/6/1/4].

Education

Nothing is certainly known about the primary education of Archibald Dunlop, here treated. However, a comparison of his signature with the handwriting of the parish clerk of the parish of Cadder, wherein the Garnkirk estate is located, suggests that he and the clerk may have had the same teacher. A link to the the documents compared follows: (1) The Signature of Archibald Dunlop in New York Image of Signature (2) The death record of Archibald Dunlop (died 1719) Image of Death Record

With regard to the secondary education of Archibald Dunlop, here treated, it may be worth noting that a young man of the same name was a student at the University of Glasgow in 1688: “Nomina discipulorum quartae classis Anno 1688 . . . . . Archibaldus Dunlop.” Records of the University of Glasgow III, p. 146 It is not yet clear who this young man was, or if he graduated, but it is possible, quite likely, even, that he was the son of James Dunlop of Garnkirk and his wife Elizabeth Robertoun. The dates fit well enough. Their child named Archibald would certainly have celebrated his sixteenth birthday in that year. Moreover, it is true that his father was a graduate of Glasgow University in 1649: “Anno 1648 et 1649. . . . . . In quinta classe. . . . . . Jacobus Dunlop filius Magistri Johannis de Garnkirk,” Ibidem III, p. xvi and his brother John Dunlop was a student there in 1676: “Inscripti anno 1676. . . . . . Joannes Dunlop filius Jacobi de Dunlop de Garrinkirk." Ibidem III, p. 128

Mercantile Training

Archibald Dunlop, here treated, the son of James Dunlop of Garnkirk and his wife Margaret Roberton, may have received some of his mercantile training in London and Rotterdam. Dunlop Memorabillia: 19

A Letter from America

New York 9th September 1701

Most Dear Brother,

You may easely belive that it is a great truble unto me, I do not mean to be absent from you when my bisiness and interest calls for it, but that since I left London have not been favoured with a line from yourself or any other of my brothers as a token of youre or theire love unto me this has possest me with diversary of thoughts, sometimes I am of opinion that by some imprudent acct of mine (though must acknowledge cannot perceive it) I have contracted your and there displeasure and at other times am constrained from youre & theire continoued neglects to think, that in me you verifie that saying out of seight out of mind, I have good grounds for this conjectoure, having since I came to America I have written you & them so often, and in all my letters tooke such peculiar caire to informe you and them how to direct your letters for me, but my indeavours have in this matter been fruitless and it seames I thought unworthy of tht remembrance of my brothers.

I thought before now to have been in England but for some reasons could not according to my intent, I have made tuo voiges from this place with success enough, I have bought a quarter pairt of a Ketch about 66 Tons burthen, which the rest of the owners with myself intend for a trading voing upon the coast Crocus amonge the Spainerds, if it please god as he returne safe I shall quickly after (if I live) se you, the rest of the ouners are very pressing to have me goe the voige in her, but I am yet unresolved what to do, in regaird it is infinitly worse than death, to be made a captive, by a people in whom there is not the least sense of honour, and from whome theire prisoners have never received any thing, but the most severe barbarities, however when I againe consider that money which I came abroad the World for, is to be had amongest these inhumaine butchers; this gives me new desirs to go upon tht designe, but when I am absolutely determined what to do in this matter, shall by the first opportunaty theire after write you.

Brother : I recommend unto your care (here inclosed) the first fruits of my American voinge into Europe, which is a letter of advice with a bill of exchainge draune by Mr. Thomas Cosfoord Mercht in Edinburgh upon Mr. James McLurg [ - ] of Edinburg; who is uncle unto sd Cosfoord and has the management of his estate during his absence for (as sd bill) tuo hundred and tuentie pounds currunt money of Scotland, payble as yowll find by perusing of the bill unto your self or assigns the 29th day of July nixt ensuing which is tuelve months after date of his bills the drauer is said by Scots men here (who know him) to be a man of £200 a yeare in houses and land about Edinburgh, however pray fairlie not (according to custome) when this comes to your hand, to demand Mr. McClurge to accept the bill, which if he doe, urite me first at first and I shall think the money secure; but if he refuse to accept, then be sure to protest and send the bill with an extract of the protest unto Mr. Rot. Hamilton at London, who will take care to send it me by the first opportunity; if Mr. Hamilton be not at tht time in London send them unto Mr. Michaell Kincaide or some other that will take care to send them me; for I must tell you (what tht matter is I know not) I never yet received ane ansure of a letter that went under Mr Thomas Coutts his cover; I intend to send Mr. Cosfoords bill fot the same sum unto you by the first ship going from hence to England after this; if Mr. McClurge (as I formerly said) do not accept I desire you may returne the sd bill with the protest by a nother ship with all expedition least the first should miscarrie that I may have here recurse upon the drawer.

Brother I intreat you not to deffer presenting the bill to Mr. McClurge till you have other business to call youe to Edinb. but upon the receipt of this know uheither he accpts or not, & do accordingly; I thought it proppor Brother to have some money in your hands (in case I go a trading among the Spainerds and should misfortounatly be taken by them) so as I may have it for the supply of my then [ - ]; and Brothr. Although I am indebted unto you £25: and unto my brother Wm. £25 and unt Patrick Coutts & my brother Thomas £40 which is in all £90 yett I hope that you and they will please to let that money of Cosfoords when paied lay in your hands till they see the conclusion of my intended voige, and you shall all be honorably satisfied.

When I left London I tooke upp of Thom: Coutts £25 Sterlg. And gave him a bill upon my brother Thom for £25: your money; which I did before my cusine James Roberton being advised by him to do so which was for to pay straight of goods to New York; but my brother [ see ] [ cause ] to let my bill be returned here protested and I imposed upon by Thom. Coutts, which was sufficient to break my reputation in a place where I was [ - ] then a stranger however I then (I bliss God) was in a condition to pay tht bill so soon as it was presented wt all extravagant charges and exchainge however my brother Thom if I live shall se his solid in what he then did, before I leave this place I shall make my letter will and send it over unto you with ane exact account of all my transactions since I left you; I intend to leave a letter of Attornay with some man here of honesty and reputation to administrat for you, whom I intend my haire in case of my death; but the papers themselves (which you shall have by the first opportunity) will more fully informe you; uhen you write me let me know how your wife and children doe, and if your son Jammie and daughters are yet alive uhich you had when I came from Scotland; I bless God I have always been in perfect health since I left Scotland, uhich you may pleas tell those who think it uiyh uhile to inquire about the same, In my absence brother pray (upon my account) be kind to Agnes Smith and I shall take it as done unto myself; and uhen you receive money for that bill of Cosfoords, let her have four or five pounds; for I know that it is very hard for poore pople in Scotland (who have not a duble measure of strength) to live, and I shall ever think myself oblidged in duty (if it please God that I thrive in the world) to take care of her; tell her that it is my desire she should keep her son at Schole; make him perfect in Arithmetick, a teach him a faire round hand of write, and at my returne to Scotland which I hope will be the nixt summer at furthest, shall either put the boy to a tread sutable for him, or take him alonge with me as his genious shall then advise.

Brother, please give my humble duty to my uncle Bedly and his lady; to my cusin young Bedly and his lady; and unto Mrs. Jeam Hamilton, who is (for I dare unto you now without blushes) the only person that ever invaded my repose; if she is married tell her from me, that I shall aluays pray, that she may aluays posess the most perfect joys that a married state is capable to afford; give my love to my old auntie, and her daughter Jennie Herbertson, which after my sincere love to yourself; wife and children is all from

Brother Your loving brothr & humble sert:
Archibald Dunlop

Direct you letters for me at New York and they cannot miscarrie

[Post Script] I this very day came from Boston and the ship just going have huddled up my Letter unto you in a hurrid which I hope (in regaird I have not time to read it over after I wrot it) will invite you to imploy your judgement to make the best sense of it.

Note: (1) 'ye' an Early Modern English abbreviation for the word 'the' has been transcribed as 'the' (2) 'yt' an Early Modern English abbreviation for the word 'that' has been transcribed as 'tht'.

Source: Mitchell Library, City Archives, Dunlop of Garnkirk Papers, Letter dated 9 September 1701 by Archibald Dunlop to his brother James Dunlop of Garnkirk, reference TD1708/6/1/4.

  1. Image of Letter page 1
  2. Image of Letter page 2
  3. Image of Letter page 3

The Question of Identity

It has been claimed that Archibald Dunlop, here treated, i.e. the son of James Dunlop, second of Garnkirk, is the same person as the man identified as "Mr Archable Dunlap" on his memorial stone at Stratford in Connecticut, in Colonial America, who is reported to have died on 24 September 1713. Find A Grave Memorial

Based upon the similarity of the signatures on two documents, John L. Scherer has argued that the Stratford man is the same person as the man of the same name who wrote to his brother James from New York on 9 September 1701. New England Historical and Genealogical Register It should be noted, however, that the Stratford man is reported to have entered the thirty-third year of his age before he died on 24 September 1713, and If this is accurate it would make the Stratford man about eight years younger than the Laird of Garnkirk's son. Find A Grave Memorial

Note: Family Search reports his age at death as thirty-four years. Connecticut Deaths and Burials Find A Grave reports his age as thirty-five years. Find A Grave Memorial

Death and Burial

Archibald Dunlop of Stratford in Colonial Connecticut is reported to have died on 24 September 1713, in the thirty-third year of his age. He was buried in the Old Congregational Burying Ground in Stratford, where his memorial stone has survived. Find A Grave Memorial

Marriage

Archibald Dunlop of Stratford is reported to have married Mary Beach on 15 June 1704, at Stratford in Fairfield County, Connecticut, in British Colonial America. Stratford, Fairfield County, Connecticut: Vital Records from Barbour, 1639-1840, transcribed by Coralynn Brown The marriage is mentioned in the last will and testament of Mary's father, from which it would appear that her marriage portion or dowry was one hundred pounds: "having disposed of my eldest daughter in mariage & having given her an obligation under my hand to give her one hundred pounds in money as portion & having paid fourty two pounds & five shillings as may appear by my book under the hand of her husband Mr Archibald Dunlop the remainder namely fifty seaven pounds & fifteene shillings I order to be paid out of my estate by my executor". Connecticut U.S. Wills amd Probate Records: The Last Will and Testament of John Beach

Children

Archibald Dunlop and Mary Beach in Stratford had three children whose names have been identified from the birth records of Stratford Township in Connecticut, in British Colonial America. They follow:

  1. Captain James Dunlop
  2. Private
  3. Private

Evidence from the Probate Records at Fairfield, Connecticut, down to 1721

                   1

1705 (1712): Dunlap, Mary, wife of Mr. Archabell Dunlap, d. of Mr. John Beach of Stratford. Probate Records: p. 108

                   2

1711: Dunlop, Archibald, witness to the will of Hugh Nesbitt of Stratford. Probate Records: p. 108 Signature of Archibald Dunlop

                   3

1712: Dunlap, Mr. Archibald, takes inv. Mr. Hugh Nisbet. Probate Records: p. 108

                   4

1713: Dunlop, Mr. Archibald of Stratford, being decd. Widow, Mrs. Mary appt. admx. Probate Records: p. 109

Evidence from the Records of Stratford in Connecticut

30 February 1707-8: Naval Officers Bond for Stratford in the name of Nathaniel Sherman. Signed Sealed and Delivered in the presence of Joseph Curtis (signed) and Archibald Dunlop (signed) Image of Naval Bond

Monumental Inscription

Here lyes the body of Mr. Archable Dunlap who deceased Sept. 24 1713 in the 33 year of his age Find A Grave Memorial: Monumental Inscription in Old Congregational Burying Ground in Stratford, Fairfield, Connecticut, United States of America Image of Monument

Printed Evidence

Munimenta Alme Universitatis Glasguensis. Records of the University of Glasgow, from its foundation till 1727. Volume III. (Glasgow, MDCCLIV), 602 pp.

Genealogy

  1. Newsletter of the Glasgow and West of Scotland Family History Society, No. 47 Autumn 1996, pp. 11-16 for the first part of Donald Whyte's scholarly account of the family of Dunlop of Garnkirk
  2. Newsletter of the Glasgow and West of Scotland Family History Society, No. 48 Spring 1997, pp. 9-11 for the second part of Donald Whyte's scholarly account of the family of Dunlop of Garnkirk
  3. Dunlop of that ilk. Memorabilia of the families of Dunlop. With the whole of the Songs ; and a large selection from the poems of John Dunlop. By Ex-Bailie Archibald Dunlop. (Kerr and Richardson, Glasgow, 1898), 150 pp.
  4. Stirnet: Dunlop 02
  5. A History of the Old Town of Stratford and the City of Bridgeport, Connecticut. By Rev. Samuel Orcutt. Part II (Fairfield County Historical Society, 1886), 1393 pp. including indexes

Please Do not touch, change or alter the Supporting Biography PROVING his IDENTITY Below


ARCHIBALD DUNLOP OF GARNKIRK

Key Clear and Convincing Evidence that "Archibald Dunlop of Garnkirk" who was born in 1672 and died in the year 1713, is the Fifth Son of James Dunlop, 2nd of Garnkirk which goes beyond the preponderance of evidence standard of proof

Dunlap, Dunlapp, Dunlape, Dunlopp, Dunlope, Dunloup, Downlop, Dalape, Delap, DeLap, Delappe, Dulop, Dulap, Dulape, Dullope, Donlop, Donlap, Dounlap, Dunlip, Dewlap are all recorded variations of today's Dunlop.

ALTHOUGH some people still try to question Archibald Dunlop's identity, many may not know that Archibald Dunlop is already considered a proven gateway ancestor accepted by many Royal Societies in America in conjunction with the Scottish Royal House of Dunlop, along with many experts in the field of genealogy. What we have for physical evidence is his birth certificate, his official immigration record to America in 1700 (which is a primary source document from the government of Colonial America and of Scotland and which makes him the very first "Archibald Dunlop to come to America"; His last letters to his brother, James, 3rd of Garnkirk in Scotland from America in 1701 & other written accounts from his family regarding 2 trips he has made to America, primarily Boston (where he was known to drop off letters by ship to to be sent to his brother ) & New York and to the West Indies per Per Dunlop of that Ilk: memorabilia of the families of Dunlop p. 24 where it mentions him as the fifth son named after his uncle Archibald Roberton of Bedlay and contains an Extract of his Letter written in 1701 from America, along with a Tombstone as evidence of his death date along with "exact" signature evidence along with heavy circumstantial evidence regarding his life, occupation, and family naming convention traditions which make him without a doubt the son of James, 2nd of Garnkirk. Lastly, there is a notable absence of evidence of any other Archibald Dunlop or Dunlap coming over to America during his lifetime or before his lifetime; No other Archibald Dunlop immigration records have been found or recorded before 1713 making Archibald the only man of the name in the Country of Colonial America. Historical Account of Dunlop Immigrations provided by House of Names gives a great snapshot of those duly noted. (List of societies recognizing his lineage in sources and genealogy of Garnkirk sons on the official Dunlop website in which he is listed as married to Mary Beach.) This Biography was written because the top Bio has left out some of these primary source documents and has stressed on actual errors on Archibald's Dunlops Tombstone to be taken at facevalue, or "truth" here we will prove that some of his information on the Tombstone such as his age and name are indeed errors and state other crucial information that officially tie him to his father, James, 2nd of Garnkirk. Throughout time, there are many examples that old Tombstones can contain errors, therefore, it should not be relied on as absolute or sole evidence.

PEERAGE

Listed as Archibald Dunlop, the Son of James, 2nd of Garnkirk in Darryl Lundy's Peerage Darryl Lundy's Peerage click here

Marriage

Listed as Mary Beach, married to Archibald Dunlop of Garnkirk in Darryl Lundy's Peerage Darryl Lundy's Peerage click here

Education

Not much is known about Archibald's education, however, something was known such as the fact that he was mentioned along with his brothers John and William as being sent away to be educated in London, England as well as in Rotterdam, Holland (To stay with their cousins, The Dunlop's of HouseHill) where his father James, the 2nd of Garnkirk received numerous letters addressed from his sons to address their needs while they were away. All three brothers were sent away to be trained in mercantile life & bookkeeping Per the Memorabilia of the Dunlop Family p.19 & p. 21. Also in Archibald's last letter was one last account of himself leaving of London on a trading voyage to bring goods to New York in which he owed back his brothers money for doing business with Thomas Coutts. The Letter of 1701 There was no mention of Archibald going to the nearby University in Glasgow at any one time and to state that he did may be possible but, without any kind of confirmation makes it pure conjecture . Also there is much conjecture about an unknown clerk going to school at Glasgow having the same handwriting as Archibald, there hasn't been any evidence submitted that the clerk went to Glasgow University, on top of which he wrote nothing like Archibald, for example, Archibald always spelled his name correctly, never transposing letters and he never crossed his capital A's (see how he writes the word arithmetic in his original letter) nor, has he ever put a staff on his capital A's as well, and in not doing so doesn't make the authors statement true to any degree as exactness of the handwriting and this statement can be confirmed through his letters and writings Archibald certainly took part in Mercantile life, in one of his last known letters he wrote about how he took part ownership in a "Ketch" ship and how he was afraid to go back to Spain for fear of being captured with the likelihood of death. This same fate had sadly befallen his older brother John, but he died of a fever. Years Later, it was found in the will of Captain James Dunlop, Archibald's son, the use of the skill of bookkeeping at the plantation of his White Hills estate, perhaps this skill was passed down father to son. The Beach family, the Grandparents of Capt. James were also known to be merchants owning many building & stores as witnessed by John Beach's will. The Will of Captain James Dunlop noted as Captain on p. 131 and bookeeping skills on p.144 Also James Dunlop took one known trip to Great Brittian per his mother Mary Beach's Will who was at the time writing her will to designate her properties amongst her children. She writes: I bequeath to my son James 1/3 of White Hill Estate if he lives coming back from Great Brittan. Why he went there it did not state, but most likely for business purposes.

A Side Note Study of the Historical Religious Affairs of the Dunlop Family of Garnkirk & Migrations to America

Regarding the Dunlop's of Holland, the cousins of the family of the sons of Garnkirk where they stayed for their bookkeeping tutelage. In those days there was great intercourse between the two countries. Many Scotsmen were settled in Rotterdam, and other Dutch towns, as merchants. Others found refuge there from the persecutions of the Covenant. The Dunlop's belonged to the Covenanters, those heroic Scots who bound themselves in solemn covenant to uphold their Presbyterian faith and resist to the death all those who tried to force them to change it. During the reign of Charles II (1660-1685) Covenanters who gathered secretly in glens and caves to worship God were hunted like animals with bugle and bloodhound. When caught they were hanged or drowned without mercy. James Dunlop, 15th of that Ilk, was imprisoned in 1665 along with other Ayrshire lads for active resistance to the Church of England. After two years Dunlop was freed. He then set about securing his property by making over part of it to the Earl of Dundonald to avoid forfeiture. Alexander,16th of that Ilk, son of James Dunlop also suffered imprisonment for the Cause. After being freed, Alexander emigrated to America, that haven of the persecuted, to escape the danger that threatened every staunch Covenanter during the "Killing Times." In the year 1684, Sir John Dunlop, 17th of that Ilk, Baronet, and son of Alexander secured the lands that his father had settled on him before leaving for America. In the following year, John received back the lands previously conveyed to the Earl of Dundonald. These large estates were consolidated into the Barony of Dunlop. On the old site of the Norman Castle, Sir John built the stately mansion known as "Dunlop House." The House of Dunlop, p 33 & p. 46 This is not where the migrations to America stop for the Garnkirk line, they continued to come over to America, and as if History repeats itself, this family showcases the desire to continue to do business as Merchants & Mariners in America where some even expanded their business with great success for example, Colin Dunlop & James Dunlop of Tollcross, the Tobacco Merchant & James Dunlop

Archibald Dunlop's Comparative Religious Affairs

In the Resource Reunion of the descendants of Daniel Shelton, at Birmingham, Conn., June 14th, 1877: p.100-104 describes the Partial estate/shipping trade distribution inventory of Archibald's Friend Daniel Shelton & p. 20-21 of the same book describes Daniel Shelton's & Archibald Dunlop's seizure by the authorities especially on the fine print of p. 20 and can also be seen here: p. 20. Perry William's "The History of the American Episcopal Church, 1587-1883" p. 302-303 goes into great details regarding issues & resistance to the affairs with the Church where Archibald and his friends & fellow Vestrymen were jailed for their resistance; There came a point where he and his church going friends signed a letter to the Bishop Per p. 367 of The History Of Fairfield. describing their unhappiness and need for change by asking for support to create the New Epicostal Church in Stratford, CT in which designated pews were given to the founding families of the Church. Archibald Dunlop was a founder of this Church. Read More Here: Newsletter

Concerning The Inaccuracies of the Tombstone

THE STATE OF CT does not have in their possession Archibald's Birth Record to confirm the age a stonemason incorrectly put on his Tombstone, instead; they have multiple "estimated" documented guesses, making his age like his name (misspelled) on the Tombstone Incorrect," (not an uncommon error). First of all, the name "Mr. Archable Dunlop" on the Tombstone, is not a name that exists on any birth record. It can, however, be presumed to be a nickname, which makes it the first error easily proven as such. Second of all, is the age error, where there are numerous age guesses credited to its creation. Another example of one of the documented age guesses besides in the Bio above is listed here in the History of Stratford by Dr. Samuel Orcutt p.217 stating he died at age 35 noted as an inscription in the Congregational burying place, the Tombstone though currently show's him as died in "the 33rd year of his age." an age of 35 reported inaccurate in the History of the Old Town of Stratford, p. 217 However, a search within the Scottish birth records, 1564-1950, Scotland's People's Parish & Church Records & World Ancestry birth records shows no report for a child born with the name of Archibald Dunlop or Dunlap in Scotland, Ireland, or the USA within the years of 1678-1680 via Familysearch for his proposed age of 33, 34, or 35 making and proving his age's reported as inaccurate per searchs in Scotland, America, and Ireland. One birth record, however, was found in 1681 via Familysearch for an Archibald born as an Advocates son which is the only birth certificate that match's the inaccuracy of the stone, however this is a misnomer as there is no documentation of an Advocates son living in New York or Stratford CT, nor was there a Dunlop of this line with a father who was in the law profession documented in the colony. Instead, we have Archibald the Merchant & Trader, our Archibald, the Rightful son, the only reported son coming over to Colonial America as he fits the timeline to a "T." The other documented age guesses are reported by Family Search where his age at death is erroneously reported as thirty-four years in Connecticut Deaths and Burials & Find A Grave reports his age as thirty-five years, although findagrave is not primary evidence other than to showcase their own confusion over the matter, the conflicting evidence helps drive home the point that they had no idea what his true age was at the time it was recorded on the memorial stone. A deep search had to be conducted using various databases such as : Familysearch.org: Scotland Birth and Baptisms 1564-1950, & Ancestry.com database search. It was found that There were only a total of 3 other Archibald Dunlop's born between 1650 to 1685 in Scotland (the name, Archibald Dunlop during the 16th Century was a rarity and no births were found in Ireland or America within this timespan of interest) via FamilySearch: Record Search @ FamilySearch.org & Scotland's People Search & Scotland's People Search of Dunlope but, there is no proof that they (ie the three other Archibald Dunlop's) ever ventured outside of Scotland with any kind of immigration record by the authorities of Scotland, Ireland, or America. American settlers were pretty well documented in the early colonies as they made many kinds of contributions to the community and to the church, there were fewer people amongst the population in the 16th and early 17th century, so everyone practically knew each other. There certainly was no note of an advocate's son or man of the law named Archibald Dunlop living amongst them and certainly Capt. James gave us no indication that he was anything other than a man of trade as a merchant. There were no other documented Archibald's immigrating over to America or living in America during this time line of 1700 to 1713 other than our own Archibald Dunlop born in 1672. He was the first Archibald Dunlop to come to America as there were also no Archibald Dunlops who came before him before 1700, which only helps to make his genealogy as the fifth son of James, 2nd of Garnkirk proven.

The Compelling Immigration Evidence Proving his Identity

Archibald Dunlope was baptized 21 Nov 1672. He was known to make at least two voyages to America before 1701. He wrote that he went once to Boston on one trip and to New York on another where he written his brother describing in detail some of his transactions. There is no other Archibald to take the place of him during his timeline which match's to his birth certificate in Scotland nor to the facts of his life where he is on record as officially immigrated to New York, Colonial North America in 1700, Archibald Dunlop's Immigration Record of 1700. (see snapshot immigration record & Directory of Scottish settlers to North America recording of only one Archibald Dunlop documented as the son of James along with Brother John on the same page 71, Vol 1 in source tab) He being the one and only recorded Archibald Dunlop immigrating & living in North America before 1713 Directory of Scottish Settlers Report, p. 71 also provided in source tab) Back in Colonial times, it cost a substantial amount of money and support for an immigration move, especially when realizing Archibald from New York is the same man who moved to CT and can be no one else as reflected by this one and only immigration record while he associated as a rare Scotsman amongst the Upper Crust of English Society. Further, Archibald Dunlop of Stratford, CT Archibald Dunlop's living location in 1704 which is near the Port of Stratford on the Long Island, NY Sound is the one and only son listed on the Dunlop Clan Website as the son of James, 2nd of Garnkirk under Dunlop Genealogy Tab #53 under Generation 12. Control F to Find Archibald Dunlop of Garnkirk married to Mary Beach. His father, James Dunlop, 2nd of Garnkirk, and his sons were involved in a number of trading voyages to America,(Boston & New York) and the West Indies. (note#6, see Directory List of Scottish Settlers to North America, 1625-1825, Vol 1 p 71 in source tab) Archibald's friends were involved in the trading business as well as the local episcopal church, such as Thomas Edwards, a maritime trader, Nathaniel Sherman, a naval officer, and Daniel Shelton-his neighbor (he owned land up above his), was also involved in the west indies trade owning his own ships and a Warf and warehouse in Stratford, CT involved in the rum trade. And although our Archibald Dunlop kept a low profile where his will was never found, it is highly likely that he may have had some trading ventures with his friend, neighbor, and fellow Vestryman Daniel Shelton as he surely had the equipment for those ventures to the West Indies, especially with his sloop ship called the "Endeavor" which was found amongst the inventory of his will. McCall-Tindwell & Allied Families, 1931. p.294 & p. 295

He Identified Himself The Same Every Time Via His Own Signature Evidence

The thing about his age on the Tombstone: the colonialists would not have known his true age because he was not born in America he was born in Scotland where the Dunlop family originates, I gather it is a guess as it is an estimate in other documents with no known birth date. If they can't spell his name correctly, what makes one think they will get his age correct with no known birth certificate? He signed his name "Archibald" not Archable or Archabell ( Again, This name,"Archable and other misspellings of it" do not even exist on any Birth record for a Dunlop, Dunlap, or Dunlope if one wants to get technical making it look as if it is some kind of nickname or gross misspelling thereof) , his surname he signed as "Dunlop" not Dunlap and yet the Tombstone reflects these errors of judgement because of lack of information and these type of mistakes are not uncommon therefore, it is a mistake to rely solely on Tombstone information. On many documents his name is spelled correctly as Archibald Dunlop", especially, when he signed his own name identifying himself as confirmation many times over a span of 10 years as a witness to his friend Hugh Nesbit's will and for his friend becoming a Naval Officer as well on his marriage document as undeniable proof. Archibald was 40 as John Scherer stated via calculating his Scotland Parish birth certificate minus his death date from the tombstone. If he left for a third and final voyage to the West Indies, his death would of been documented on the List of Scottish Settlers like his brother John but, it wasn't documented because he never left. From the sequence of events, he moved to the brand new town of Ripton (known as Stratford later) from his whereabouts in New York in 1704 and bought land in the amount of 131 acres and a few houses from the Walker family.

Evidence of Adherence to the Scottish Naming Convention

Indeed after Archibald's father James 2nd of Garnkirk died in 1695 and his son James, 3rd of Garnkirk became the heir, Archibald had no reason to return to Scotland permanently because trade was expanding on the east coast and, Archibald ended up meeting Mary Beach and formed a relationship that caused him to stay in America and have three children named after their grandparents. The Scottish Naming convention was very prevalent and a long standing tradition amongst this particular family, the Dunlop's of Garnkirk, in America and in Scotland where the sons always named their first son after the paternal Grandfather. Archibald's father James, 2nd of Garnkirk was named after his grandfather James, 13th of Garnkirk. And hence, our Archibald had a son named James, after his own father, and even his son Captain James ended up following in his fathers footsteps in naming his first son after him. Also Archibald's own brother, James, the 3rd of Garnkirk to whom he wrote had named two of his sons James and the other Archibald so this renaming of sons definitely was typical of their family tradition. Archibald again, is listed on the immigration record as the son of James so it should not be any surprise his son is also named James as well as it should not be a surprise that our Archibald's only father is no one else but James. Archibald's will was never found. He proposed in a letter to send it to his brother James, the 3rd of Garnkirk if he chose to go to the West Indies, and he had to instead write a letter for his wife because his official will was in Scotland dealing with his property there or so we would think, his will to his brother has never surfaced either nor is there any proof he eventually went and saw an attorney to draw one up. (source tab-see Directory List of All Scottish Settlers to North America in Volumes 1 through VII and the only one listed is our Archibald Dunlop before 1825 Vol 1. p. 1, 2, 71) Of all the "Archibald Dunlop's who came to America, the next in line is an Archibald Dunlop who settled in Virginia in 1762, who came after the death of our Archibald 1713 listed in Vol V. p.91 in the directory of Scottish Settlers to North America. The major port of entry is New York city for most immigrants and Archibald is linked to this one and only immigration record as no one had ever known him before in the new town of Stratford, CT where he is linked to his new wife Mary Beach. In the natural course of events he had to have come from nearby New York. In his son's will it was discovered he was doing business with merchants/creditors from New York & p. 532 where a Robert Livingston, a trader from New York tried to collect a debt from his son, Capt. James' estate : Robert Livingston's Bio Shows it could be someone from his dynasty, perhaps it was his son, Robert Livingston Jr. who came over to collect, afterall, he took over the family business: read more here: The Livingstons of NY & here The Livingstons Lastly, of special note, found in Capt. James will was a fur hat, articles of silk, stockings and a whig, and Negro beads. Negro Beads were known to be used in trading with natives. His uncle, William Dunlop, was known to wear whigs requesting his father send him one when times were cold in Holland Per Memorabilia of The Dunlops p.22. There was also 200lbs of flax seed, lumber, thousands of bottles & packaging, cyder barrels and enough to conclude amongst all his creditors that he indeed was a merchant. His Grandfather John Beach was also known to have buildings and stores throughout CT. It appears that he did indeed become a trader although many of the specifics are not known of exactly how he conducted his business, he definitely had supplies worthy of note. And last but not least, his 8 slaves listed as property in his will, so to say that he wasn't involved in the world of trade would be an understatement. The details of the numerous creditors claims are not known at this time, however, we do know that his land and home were given to him via his father's will free and clear so the estate was his equity that the creditors mounted debt against and what for is a complete mystery but, most likely it had to do with trade and trade goods.

The children of Archibald of Garnkirk and Mary Beach are:

  1. Captain James Dunlop (Named after his paternal grandfather, James Dunlop, second of Garnkirk)
  2. Private (Named after her paternal grandmother, Elizabeth Roberton)
  3. Private (Named after her maternal grandmother, Hannah Staples)

What The Extracts Of The Original Letter Do Not Contain

From my own gleanings of my eighth great Grandfather Archibald Dunlop's original letter, I took note of some things that did not get transcribed on over with the extracts that were of a personal note. For one, he was quite upset that his brother never wrote him back mentioning the old saying "out of sight, out of mind." Also throughout the letter he tried to explain the different ways in which his brother, the 3rd of Garnkirk could send him a letter so it would reach him mentioning different people he could give his letter to since there was no Provost back then, letters would be addressed to "the Laird of Garnkirk." In one section of the letter he mentioned coming back from Boston and the mailing of his letter on that ship. And of course he mentioned a few different transactions of where he had owed him family back money and it was coming back to them through a bill his brother could collect on contained within the letter. Also, with the original letter he is quoted as saying "my brother Thom if I live shall se his solid in what he then did, before I leave this place I shall make my letter will and send it over unto you with ane exact account of all my transactions since I left you; I intend to leave a letter of Attorney with some man here of honesty and reputation to administrator for you' which denotes that he did not intend to leave the America without first mailing his brother his will and one could see the reason why, he seemed terrified to leave. (And can we blame him, there was a lot of piracy going on during this time in history) The golden age of Piracy, The problem with this though is that this was the last correspondence the family states they received, thus it can be construed that since the will was never sent then, he must of decided against going to Spain for surely he was expecting some letter atleast from his brother for his regard and peace of mind but, when I inquired if the family ever written him the answer was there was no other piece of correspondence. Further, his family never acknowledged receiving his will which he would of sent after the 1701 letter. Case solved, for he did not venture far staying within the New York Long Island Sound, within a few years he married well to do Mary Beach (Her own father being a man of substance and large land owner owning stores and buildings) and was with her for atleast 7 or 8 years before he died, now that is true love, and the rest is history. His family could of written him in New York anytime as to inquire about his whereabouts, but there is no correspondence of proof that they ever did but, Thanks to God someone in the family went through great lengths to save this last letter of 1701 for hundreds of years to showcase the link to America and our Grandfather.

The Evidence of Archibald Dunlop's Signature Proving Identity

The research into the ancestry of Archibald Dunlop of Stratford, CT was published in the New England Historical and Genealogical Register 1998, vol. 152 and vol. 154. in the articles by John L. Scherer titled "Archibald Dunlop (1672-1713) of Stratford, Connecticut: His Descent from King Edward III of England and from King James II of Scotland" (page 186-196). It seems the Dunlop's were a merchant family with dealings in the Americas. Archibald Dunlop was in New York in 1701 when he wrote a letter to his brother James in Scotland. Scherer argues that the signature from that 1701 letter is identical to the 1707/8 signature of Archibald Dunlop of Stratford, CT, who signed as a witness on "a document making Nathaniel Sherman a naval officer in the Port of Stratford on 30 January 1707/8" (195). (Scherer, 2000, Vol 152 & 154) A Side by Side Comparison provided by Scherer Archibald Dunlop's original signature copy for his friend Naval Officer Witness Signature Proof Additional evidence of his signature in the year of 1711 yet a second time as a witness to his friend Hugh Nesbit Will Archibald Dunlop's Witness Signature to Hugh Nesbit's Will shows time and time again, the identical way he writes in identifying himself as "Archibald Dunlop" proof he is the fifth son of James of Garnkirk. (Snippets of Signatures In source tab along with original letter. Archibald Dunlop's Original 1701 Letter from New York Snippet

Handwriting Comparison

Regarding the opposing biography up above, an invalid signature has been used to try to invalidate Archibald Dunlop of Garnkirk's (of New York) legal signature which is protected by copyright law. Spilsbury, Sallie (2000) Further, the name signature provided by an unknown clerk has misspelled Archibald Dunlop's name and has not been evaluated by an expert. The characters of the name provided by the clerk are not clearly legible nor an identical match to Archibald of Garnkirk's signature creating a misnomer of information of which casts unnecessary doubt. One major example that stands out is that the clerk spelled Archibald's name transposing the c for a t, and we know Archibald doesn't have any history of misspelling his own name. Also the above bio states that the signatures were "similar" John Scherer said no such thing, he used the words "matching" & "identical" source quoted for the signatures compared of only Archibald Dunlop from his timeline of 1701 to 1707/8 (the clerk signature was not compared by John Scherer as it is an attempt of twisting of conjecture made by the author above and doesn't lend any credence to the facts; also the clerk signature came from Glasgow not from Cadder as stated above. The truth of the matter is, the author of the bio above doesn't know any facts about the clerk and what he stated regarding Archibald going to school with the clerk is mere speculation Evidence of a Clerk from Glasgow's signature used in Bio above where he misspelled Archibald's Dunlop's (identified as his nephew who died in 1719) name not once but twice compared to Actual evidence from the New England Historical Society & John Scherer's exact Quote Are the Only signatures that should be paid attention to A lot goes into analyzing a person's signature, there are exotic flourishes, including elaborate ascenders, descenders as one would find in calligraphic writing. The paraph is commonly used in graphology analyses as well. The above bio ignores the essentially formal and "iterable" structure of Archibald Dunlop's signature.

Conclusion: Archibald of CT & Archibald of NY, are the Same Man

Archibald Dunlop, the beloved fifth son of James of Garnkirk, was not a native of CT and there were no Dunlop families before him living there so obviously he moved there from out of town and he did so most likely from nearby New York or Boston where he was the one and only Archibald Dunlop in existence in America via immigration documentation of 1700 & through his last letter to his brother James, 3rd of Garnkirk, who wrote to him from the Country of America, NY in 1701. (Archibald Dunlop's immigration record of 1700 & Scottish settlers, Vol 1 report in source tab) There were no immigration records to reflect he could of been anyone else but the Archibald from New York, especially considering there was only 1 immigration record in existence before 1713 Directory of Scottish Settlers Report, p. 71 that reflected also that he was the son of James on the same page as his brother John, also reported as the son of James who died in 1683. Thus, the Dunlop's of Garnkirk are the only Dunlop family reported to historically and freely venture to North America from Scotland in the early 1700s. (As our Deep search has already reflected that this was not the first time the Dunlop family of Garnkirk came over to America, Alexander Dunlop, 16th of that Ilk (Alexander, 16th of that Ilk), came over to America, South Carolina in 1684 per Filby et al., 1982-1985, Passenger & Immigration list index) but, this was the first and only "Archibald Dunlop" of the name that came over between the years of 1700 to 1713). Confirmation of Archibald Dunlop's signature via Scherer's research only confirms his identity as the true son of James of Garnkirk, as it is a dead on matching signature with zero inaccuracies. Lastly, per brownlee.com.au, Scottish Naming Patterns were often in use in the 16th & 17th Century, and are a huge help in determining Grandparent names when there may be a lack of information in genealogy searches. Certainly, Archibald's children's names James, Elizabeth, and Hannah match the Grandparents they were named after making it hard to imagine they would be anyone else's Grandchildren. The naming pattern also helps to eliminate the other "potential" parents of Archibald. He never named his daughters Helene, or Isabel, nor did he name his son Alexander in which the other "lines" should of been designated after but, why would he? His wife's name was "Hannah" His mothers name was "Elizabeth", and hence we know we have the right man by the familiarity of his naming pattern choices and simple logic on top of which two out of the three choices one born in 1665 and one born in 1667 would of been almost twice as old as Mary Beach who married at age 21 and do not come anywhere close to being the age proposed on the Tombstone, nor is there any information showcasing they came to America so it would be safe to delete these two off our list of possibilities of them ever being our Archibald. And regarding the last birth, an Archibald born in 1681, the naming convention does not line up for him to our Archibald's children nor is there any evidence he came to America. Unfortunately there is hardly any information out there about him except for the fact, that he also came from Royal Blood as an Advocates son. Also unfortunate, is that there is no known death date or death place for this man which would ultimately rule him out completely. In conclusion, it just would not make any sense for his parents to be these other three choices presented through the search engine research nor is there any solid evidence that they ventured to America (and if they did, surely they would of been written about by someone in the colonies in the form of an immigration record). But, what we can ultimately take from this is that our Archibald Dunlop definitely had Royal bloodlines and ties because the closest choice to him was the Advocates son of 1681 (the only one who match's the error on the Tombstone) and our Archibald of 1672, both come from Aristocratic lines that tie to the King Of Scotland. Scottish Naming Pattern rules, click here. Although there are exceptions, on the whole this custom was followed in Scotland until the early years of the 20th Century. Later in life, sometime close to the timeline of marrying Mary Beach in Stratford, CT, he ended up purchasing a considerable 131acres of land and house known as White Hills estate from brothers, Samuel and John Walker (Jacob Walkers sons). This money most likely came from his trading ventures as that is how he was making a living while going on several successful voyages, but he did not always have to go on his voyages, all he had to do was invest in order to make a return, as he stated in his last letter to James, 3rd of Garnkirk. Before his sudden death at age 40, he ended up passing down this estate to his children through letters of probate he wrote to his wife Mary. The other half of the estate was a certain house and homestead in Stratford, CT. Hammond, James, The Public records of the Colony, p. 60 & p.130 thru p. 132 After Archibald Dunlop's death, a court case ensued where his son Captain James Dunlop had to fight for his share in court with his sister's wealthy administrator, Ebenezer Beach. (The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut,1736-1776, p 312 & 435).

Archibald was a part of Stratford, CT History

By the 1700s, most of the settlements had formed into 13 British colonies: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Virginia, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and South Carolina.

Stratford is a town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States and Connecticut was part of the newly formed 13 colonies. It is situated on the New York Long Island Sound along Connecticut's "Gold Coast" at the mouth of the Housatonic River which allows easy access to trading ports. Stratford is in the Bridgeport–Stamford–Norwalk Metropolitan Statistical Area. It was settled by Puritans in 1639 namely by Puritan leader Reverend Adam Blakeman and William Beardsley and around 16 other families. In 1640 the community was known as Cupheag, a Native American Paugussett word meaning "at the enclosed place" or "place of shelter". By April 13, 1643, the growing town was known as Stratford, changed to honor William Shakespeare's birthplace of Stratford-upon-Avon in England. Archibald Dunlop was found living there for the first time, in this newly formed town with the second generation of its inhabitants around 1703/1704 an alternative marriage recorded to Mary Beach in June of 1703 opposed to other records p.42 in the History of Old Fairfield per Jacobus where his marriage record to Mary Beach was recorded connecting him to the last time he was recorded living in Colonial America via his immigration record of 1700 and his letter to his brother from New York in 1701, making his identity quite apparent, Further, Mary Beach's father listed Mary and Archibald as a married couple in his will. (see John Beach's will snippet in source tab) Many descendants of the original founding Puritan families remain in Stratford today after over 350 years; for centuries they often intermarried within the original small group of 17th century Pilgrim families, I know because I am one of them and my family still lives there. Despite its Puritan origins, Stratford was the site of the first Anglican church in Connecticut, founded in 1707 and ministered by the Rev. Dr. Samuel Johnson. These were the folks buried in the Old Congregational cemetery.

Life in the 1700s CT:

https://www.courant.com/news/connecticut/hc-xpm-2005-04-03-05040507...

DNA Evidence

DNA evidence exists for Archibald Dunlops daughter Elizabeth Dunlop as there are many direct descendants through the Dunlop, Coggeshall, Cogswell and Treadwell family lines who intermarried. Autosomal DNA match evidence through Ancestry is in the source tab of her profile and her children, and grandchildrens profiles. One notable participant and direct descendant is Betty Grant who died at age 94 the year of 2021 born in the 1920s. Her dna matches up directly in blood cousinship with other descendants who claim this line. Archibald Dunlop of Garnkirk's daughter is Elizabeth Dunlop and she is Betty Grant's direct fifth Great Grandmother, who happens to be one of the most beautiful women of this world.

Royal Descent

Archibald Dunlop is related directly on the maternal line to Robert II, King of Scots through Jean Somerville of Cambusnethan and his son Robert III, King of Scots through Mariot Douglas of Angus. The Edward III line is also through Jean Somerville, but Leo also has a Bruce line for James the 13th. Genealogics supplies a descent from Queen Jean, citing "The Royal Descents of 600 Immigrants" & the later version "The Royal Descents of 900 Immigrants" per Gary Boyd Roberts (RD600). And p.249 & p.585 of Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study of Colonial & Midieval Families vol.1 per Douglas Richardson.

http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00434800&tree=LEO & https://gw.geneanet.org/yuille?lang=en&iz=50551&p=archibald&n=dunlo... & https://famouskin.com/family-group.php?name=75303+tilda+swinton&ahn... https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Dunlap-1166
https://www.clandunlop.com/dunlop_genealogy.htm = Listed Under Twelfth Generation #53
https://www.wikitree.com/index.php?title=Special:Relationship&actio...

References

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Archibald Dunlop's Timeline

1672
November 21, 1672
Probably at Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Kingdom of Scotland (not yet part of the United Kingdom)
November 21, 1672
Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Kingdom of Scotland (not yet part of the United Kingdom)
1705
November 16, 1705
Stratford Township, Fairfield County, Province of Connecticut, Colonial America