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Notables on Israeli Stamps - ידוענים על בולי ישראל

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Profiles

  • Esther Raab (1894 - 1981)
    אסתר ראב נולדה וגדלה במושבה פ�...
  • Sarah Levi-Tanai (1910 - 2005)
    Sara Levi-Tanai (Hebrew: שרה לוי-תנאי‎; c. 1910 – 3 October 2005) was an Israeli choreographer and song writer. She w...
  • Nissim Aloni / ניסים אלוני (1926 - 1998)
    Nissim Aloni (Hebrew: נסים אלוני‎, born 24 August 1926 – died 13 June 1998) was an Israeli playwright and translator. He is ...
  • Raoul Gustaf Wallenberg (1912 - 1947)
    Raoul Wallenberg (August 4, 1912 – July 17, 1947?) was a Swedish humanitarian who worked in Budapest, Hungary, during World War II to rescue Jews from the Holocaust. Between July and December ...
  • Teddy Theodor Kollek (1911 - 2007)
    Wikipedia: Theodor "Teddy" Kollek (Hebrew: טדי קולק‎) (May 27, 1911 – January 2, 2007) was mayor of Jerusalem from 1965 to 1993, and fou...

Project photo: King David of Israel by Marc Chagall. Israeli stamp, 1969

Biblical Heroes

  • אדם הראשון, Adam & חוה, Eve, 'Adam & Eve stamp1'; 'Adam & Eve stamp2' (c.4004 BCE — 3070 BCE) According to the Genesis creation narrative, the first human couple to inhabit Earth, created by the God of the ancient Hebrews. Adam and Eve ate fruit from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, causing their expulsion from the Garden of Eden.
  • נח, Noah, 'Noah stamp1', '2', '3' (c.2948 BCE — c.1998 BCE) Noah was the tenth and last of the antediluvian Patriarchs. The story of Noah and the ark is told in the book of Genesis (6–9), which is followed by the story of the Curse of Ham. Outside Genesis his name is mentioned in Ezekiel, Isaiah and Chronicles. He was the subject of much elaboration in later Abrahamic traditions, including the Qur'an.
  • אברהם אבינו / Abraham / إبراهيم , 'Abraham stamp1'; 'Abraham stamp2'; 'Abraham stamp3'; 'Abraham stamp4' (c.2050 BCE — c.1870 BCE) Abraham features in the Book of Genesis as the founding patriarch of the Israelites, Ishmaelites and Edomite peoples. He is widely regarded as the patriarch of Jews, Christians, and Muslims and the founder of monotheism.
  • שרה אמנו, Sarah, سارة , 'Sarah stamp' (c.2040 BCE — c.1913 BCE) Sarah was the wife of Abraham and the mother of Isaac as described in the Hebrew Bible and the Quran. Her name was originally Sarai. God changed her name to Sarah as part of a covenant after Hagar bore Abraham his first son, Ishmael. According to the Bible, she was also half-sister, the daughter of Abraham's father Terah. The Talmud identifies Sarai with Iscah, daughter of Abraham's deceased brother Haran, so that Sarah turns out to be the niece of Abraham and the sister of Lot and Milcah. Sarah died directly after the sacrifice at Mt. Moriah.
  • יצחק / Isaac, 'Isaac stamp1'; 'Isaac stamp2'; 'Isaac stamp3'; 'Isaac stamp4' (c.1950 BCE — c.1770 BCE) The only son of Abraham by Sarah and was the father of Jacob and Esau. One of the three patriarchs of the Israelites. Abraham was 100 years old when Isaac was born, and Sarah was beyond childbearing years (Genesis). Honored in Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
  • רבקה אמנו, Rebecca, 'Rebecca stamp' (c.1926 BCE — c.1793 BCE) She was the wife of Isaac and the mother of Jacob and Esau. She was also the sister of Laban, who would later become the father of Rachel and Leah, two of the wives of Rebecca's son Jacob. Rebecca and Isaac were one of the three couples buried in the Cave of the Patriarchs, the other two being Abraham and Sarah, and Jacob and Leah.
  • יעקב אבינו, Jacob, 'Jacob stamp1'; 'Jacob stamp2'; 'Jacob stamp3' (c.1892 BCE — c.1744 BCE) Jacob, also later known as Israel ( יִשְׂרָאֵל‎‎, Yisraʾel), was the third patriarch of the Hebrew people with whom God made a covenant, and ancestor of the tribes of Israel, which were named after his descendants.
  • לאה אמנו, Leah, 'Leah stamp' (c.1829 BCE — c.1745 BCE) The first of the two concurrent wives of the Hebrew patriarch Jacob and mother of six of sons whose descendants became the Twelve Tribes of Israel, along with at least one daughter, Dinah. She is the daughter of Laban and the older sister of Rachel, whom Jacob originally wanted to marry. Leah is Jacob's first cousin, and she was the eldest niece of Rebecca.
  • רחל אמנו, Rachel, 'Rachel stamp' (c.1837 BCE — c.1772 BCE) Rachel is a prophet and the favorite wife of Jacob, one of the three Biblical Patriarchs, and mother of Joseph and Benjamin. She was the daughter of Laban and the younger sister of Leah, Jacob's first wife. Jacob was her first cousin, and she was the youngest niece of Rebecca.
  • יוסף Joseph, 'Joseph stamp, Sukkot' (c.1562 BCE — 1452 BCE) Joseph or Yosef was the eleventh of Jacob's twelve sons in the Book of Genesis and Rachel's firstborn.
  • אהרון הכהן Aaron, the Priest, 'Aaron, stamp, Sukkot' (c.1397 BCE — c.1274 BCE) "Aaron the High Priest", was the older brother of Miriam & Moses and prophet of God.
  • מרים הנביאה Miriam sister of Moses, 'Miriam, stamp' (c.1396 BCE — c.1280 BCE) Elder sister of Moses.
  • משה רבנו Moses, 'Moses, stamp1, Red Sea'; 'Moses stamp2, Sukkot'; 'Moses, high holidays stamp series: 3', '4', '5', '6'; 'Moses stamp7, in the bulrushes' (c.1393 BCE — c.1273 BCE) "Moses the teacher" was a religious leader, lawgiver and prophet, to whom the authorship of the Torah is traditionally attributed. He is the most important prophet in Judaism, and is also considered an important prophet in Christianity and Islam, as well as a number of other faiths.
  • יהושע בן-נון Joshua son of Nun, 'Bin Nun stamp1', '2', '3', '4'; (c.1500 BCE — c.1390 BCE) A minor figure in the Torah, being one of the spies for Israel (Num 13-14) and in few passages as Moses's assistant. He turns to be the central character in the Hebrew Bible's Book of Joshua. According to the books Exodus, Numbers and Joshua, he became the leader of the Israelite tribes after the death of Moses; his name was Hoshea the son of Nun, of the tribe of Ephraim, but Moses called him Joshua, (Numbers 13:16) the name by which he is commonly known
  • דבורה הנביאה, Deborah The Prophetess, 'Deborah stamp' () Deborah was a prophetess of God and the fourth Judge of pre-monarchic Israel. Being the only female judge in the vast history of Israel, Deborah led a successful counterattack against the forces of Jabin, king of Canaan and his military commander Sisera. Her story is told twice, in the Book of Judges, 4-5.
  • יעל אשת חבר הקיני Yael, wife of Hever the Kenite 'Yael, stamp' () A biblical figure mentioned in Judges (4) as the one who killed Sisera in the war waged with ​​him by Deborah and Barak son of Avinoam. Yael was the wife of a member of the tribe of Kenites who were descendants of Jethro (father in law of Moses), and were close to the people of Israel, from the days of Moses.
  • השופט גדעון, Judge Gideon Ben Joash, 'Gideon stamp' () Gideon the son of Joash, from the clan of Abieezer in the tribe of Manasseh, was a judge of the Hebrews. As is the pattern throughout the book of Judges, the Israelites again turned away from God after 40 years of peace brought by Deborah's victory over Canaan and were allowed to be oppressed by the neighboring Midianites and Amalekites. God chose Gideon, to free the people of Israel and to condemn their worship of idols. His story is recorded in Judges 6-8.
  • השופט יפתח, Judge Jephthah Ben Gilead, 'Jephthah stamp' () Jephthah served as a judge over Israel for a period of six years. He lived in Gilead and was a member of the Tribe of Manasseh. The Book of Judges describes Jephthah as leading the Israelites in battle against Ammon and, as the result of a rash vow, sacrificing his daughter after defeating the Ammonites (Judges 10-12).
  • שמשון הגיבור Samson, 'Samson stamp1', 'Samson & Delilah stamp2', Samson & the Lion stamp3' Samson, according to the biblical story, is the 12th judge of Israel, and last described in the Book of Judges.
  • חנה הנביאה, Hannah - the Profesess, 'Hannah stamp' Wife of Elkanah of Ramatayim Tzofim, was one of the seven prophetesses mentioned in the Bible. She was the mother of the Prophet Samuel.
  • שאול המלך King Saul of Israel, 'King Saul stamp' (c.1079 BCE — c.1029/1007 BCE) First king of the United Monarchy of Israel.
  • רות המואביה, Ruth of Moab, 'Ruth stamp' The Moabite daughter-in-law of Naomi and Elimelech, who were Jewish. After the death of her husband, Ruth gave up her former god and former life to unite with the household of faith in serving the God of Israel, and married Naomi’s kinsman Boaz. Their son Obed was the ancestor of David and Jesus.
  • דוד המלך, King David of Israel, 'King David stamp1, Chagal', 'King David stamp2', 'King David stamp3, Kings', 'King David stamp4, Sukkot' (c.1042 BCE — c.971 BCE). Depicted as a righteous king — although not without fault — as well as an acclaimed warrior, musician and poet, traditionally credited with the authorship of many of the Psalms.
  • המלך שלמה King Solomon of Israel, 'King Solomon stamp' (c.1034 BCE — c.933 BCE) Third king of the United Monarchy of Israel. Builder of the First Temple in Jerusalem, great in wisdom, wealth, and power, but ultimately as a king whose sins lead to the kingdom being torn in two during the reign of his son Rehoboam. In the Qur'an, he is a Prophet, known as Sulaiman.
  • ישעיהו הנביא, Isaiah the Prophet, 'Isaiah stamp' (778 "BCE" — 698 "BCE") He was a prophet who lived in the 8th-century BCE Kingdom of Judah, during the reigns of kings Uzziah' (last years), Hezekiah, and Manasseh (early years). Thus Isaiah may have prophesied for as long as sixty-four years. Jews and Christians consider the Book of Isaiah a part of their Biblical canon; he is the first listed (although not the earliest) of the neviim akharonim, the latter prophets.
  • ירמיהו הנביא, Jeremiah the Prophet, 'Jeremiah stamp' (586 BCE — 655 BCE) He is regarded as the second major prophet of the Hebrew Bible. Christianity also regards Jeremiah as a prophet and he is quoted in the New Testament. Islam also considers Jeremiah a prophet. Jeremiah’s job was to reveal the sins of the people and explain the reason for the impending disaster (destruction by the Babylonian army and captivity). Jeremiah is traditionally credited with authoring the Book of Jeremiah, 1 Kings, 2 Kings and the Book of Lamentations with the assistance and under the editorship of Baruch ben Neriah, his scribe and disciple.
  • חולדה הנביאה, Hulda the Prophetess, 'Hulda stamp' Hulda was a prophetess mentioned briefly in the Hebrew Bible. She was the wife of Shallum, son of Tokhath (also called Tikvah), son of Harhas (also called Hasrah), keeper of the wardrobe. She lived in Jerusalem, in the Second District, at the time of the Prophet Jeremiah, during the reign of King Josiah.
  • יחזקאל הנביא, Ezekiel the Prophet, 'Ezekiel stamp' (622 BCE — 570 BCE) Ezekiel is the central protagonist of the Book of Ezekiel in the Hebrew Bible. In Judaism, Christianity and Islam, Ezekiel is acknowledged as a Hebrew prophet. In Judaism and Christianity, he is also viewed as the author of the Book of Ezekiel that reveals prophecies regarding the destruction of Jerusalem and of the Millennia Temple visions, or the Third Temple.
  • יונה הנביא Prophet Jonah, 'Jonaha, stamp1'; 'Jonaha, High Holidays 1963 stamp series: 2', '3', '4'; (?) Hebrew prophet Jonah ben Amittai was sent by God to prophesy the destruction of Nineveh but tried to escape the divine mission. Has become a well-known popular children’s story.
  • אחשורוש מלך פרס Xerxes I (Persian: Khshayarsha), King of Persia, 'Xerxes I stamp1'; 'Xerxes I stamp2' (519 "BCE" — 465 "BCE") the son of Darius I and Atossa, daughter of Cyrus the Great. Xerxes is generally identified as the Ahasuerus of the Book of Esther.
  • מרדכי היהודי, Mordechai, Court Jew of Xerxes I, 'Mordechai stamp' () One of the main personalities in the Book of Esther in the Hebrew Bible. He was the son of Jair, of the tribe of Benjamin. Cousin of Esther (future Queen of Persia) whom he brought up as his own daughter.
  • אסתר המלכה, Queen Esther of Persia, 'Queen Esther stamp1'; 'Queen Esther stamp2' (c.505 BCE — c.425 BCE) Born Hadassah, is the eponymous heroine of the Biblical Book of Esther. According to the Bible she was a Jewish queen of the Persian king Ahasuerus (traditionally identified with Xerxes I). Her story is the basis for the celebration of Purim in Jewish tradition.
  • יהודה המכבי, Judas Maccabeus, 'J. Maccabeus stamp' (190 BCE — 160 BCE) Y'hudhah HamMakabi (Judah the Hammer) was a Kohen and a son of the Jewish priest Mattathias. He led the Maccabean revolt against the Seleucid Empire (167-160 BCE) and is acclaimed as one of the greatest warriors in Jewish history alongside Joshua, Gideon and David. The Jewish feast of Hanukkah ("Dedication") commemorates the restoration of Jewish worship at the temple in Jerusalem in 165 BCE, after Judah Maccabee removed the pagan statuary.
  • שמעון בר כוכבא, Simon Bar Kokhba, 'Bar Kokhba stamp' (d. 135) was the Jewish leader of what is known as the Bar Kokhba revolt against the Roman Empire in 132, establishing an independent Jewish state of Israel which he ruled for three years as Nasi ("Ruler"). His rule was the last significant period of Israel's independence in this country, until the establishment of State of Israel in 1948. in the His state was conquered by the Romans in 135 following a two-year war. Documents discovered in the modern era give us his original name, Simon ben Kosiba, (Hebrew: שמעון בן כוסבא‎) he was given the surname Bar Kokhba, (Aramaic for "Son of a Star", referring to the Star Prophecy of Numbers 24:17, "there shall step forth a star out of Jacob, and a scepter shall rise out of Israel, and shall smite through the corners of Moab") by his contemporary, the Jewish sage Rabbi Akiva.

Visionaries and Spiritual leaders

  • רבי יהושע בן חנניה, Rabbi Joshua ben Hananiah, 'Ben Hananiah stamp' (d. 131) Ben Hananiah was a leading tanna of the first half-century following the destruction of the Temple. He was of Levitical descent, and served in the sanctuary as a member of the class of singers. Joshua ben Hananiah was one of the five who formed the inner circle of Johanan ben Zakkai's pupils. In enumerating them tradition places him at the head together with Eliezer b. Hyrcanus.
  • רבי מאיר בעל הנס, Rabbi Meir Ba'al Hanes, 'Baal Hanes stamp' (139 - 163). Jewish sage who lived in the time of the Mishna. He was considered one of the greatest of the Tannaim of the fourth generation (139-163). According to the Talmud, his father was a descendant of the Roman Emperor Nero who had converted to Judaism. His wife Bruriah is one of the few women cited in the Gemara. He is the third most frequently mentioned sage in the Mishnah.
  • רבי יוחנן הסנדלר, Rabbi Yohanan Hassandlar, 'Hassandlar stamp' (c. 100 — c. 150) Was one of the main students of Rabbi Akiva and a contemporary of Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai. He is one of the Tannaim whose teachings are quoted in the Mishnah. His name, "Hasandlar", could either refer to the fact that he earned his living as a sandal maker, or that he was a native of Alexandria.He was a great-grandson of Rabbi Gamaliel the Elder; he also purportedly traced his ancestry back to King David. Rashi, the great medieval commentator, was a 33rd-generation descendant of Rabbi Yochanan.
  • רבי שלמה יצחקי - רש"י, Rashi, 'Rashi stamp' (1040 — 1105) The outstanding Biblical commentator of the Middle Ages. His explanation is often the basis for all Jewish understanding of the scriptures and legal principles in Judaism. No one person seems to have had such a deep impact on Jewish learning in the past thousand years as this man has had. In addition to the monumentous and basic commentary on the five books of Moses, Rashi commented on most of the books of the prophets and other biblical writings, plus most of the often-studied tractates of the Babylonian Talmud.
  • הרמב"ם , Maimonides موسى ابن ميمون ,Moshe ben Maimon, 'Maimonides stamp1', 'Maimonides stamp2' (ca. 1138 - 1204) The preeminent medieval Jewish philosopher and one of the greatest Torah scholars of the Middle Ages. He worked as a rabbi, physician, and philosopher in Spain, Morocco and Egypt. With the contemporary Muslim sage Averroes, he promoted and developed the philosophical tradition of Aristotle. As a result, Maimonides and Averroes would gain a prominent and controversial influence in the West. A popular medieval saying that also served as his epitaph states, From Moshe (of the Torah) to Moshe (Maimonides) there was none like Moshe.
  • לוי בן גרשום - רלב"ג, Levi ben Gerson, Gersonides, 'Gersonides stamp' (1288–1344), Jewish philosopher, Talmudist, mathematician, astronomer/astrologer. Gersonides was also the earliest known mathematician to have used the technique of mathematical induction in a systematic and self-conscious fashion and anticipated Galileo’s error theory. His most important treatise, that by which he has a place in the history of philosophy, is entitled Sefer Milhamot Ha-Shem ("The Wars of the Lord"). He is also credited to have invented the Jacob's staff, an instrument to measure the angular distance between celestial objects.
  • רבי יהודה לאו, המהר"ל מפראג, Yehuda Loew, The Maharal of Prague, 'MaHaRal tombstone stamp' (1512 – 1609) The Maharal of Prague was a towering giant in Torah and Kabbalah and a fearless leader of European Jewry during the sixteenth century. Within the world of Torah and Talmudic scholarship, he is known for his works on Jewish philosophy and Jewish mysticism and his work Gur Aryeh al HaTorah, a supercommentary on Rashi's Torah commentary. He is particularly known for the legend that he created The Golem of Prague, an animate being fashioned from clay, using mystical powers based on the esoteric knowledge of how God created Adam, to defend the Jews of the Prague Ghetto from antisemitic attacks.
  • יצחק לוריא, האר"י הקדוש, Yitzhak Luria, HaAR"I Hkadosh, 'Ha'Ari stamp' (1534 – 1572) A foremost rabbi and Jewish mystic in the community of Safed in the Galilee region of Ottoman Palestine. Considered the father of contemporary Kabbalah. He is known for the mysticism and interpretation of his teachings in Kabbalah known as Lurianic Kabbalah.
  • ברוך שפינוזה, Baruch Spinoza, 'Spinoza stamp' (1632 – 1677) Jewish Philosopher of Dutch origin. He is considered one of the great rationalists of the 17th-century philosophy, laying the groundwork for the 18th century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism.
  • רבי ישראל הבעל שם טוב, Rabbi Yisrael HaBaal Shem Tov, 'Habesht stamp' (1698 – 1760) Jewish mystical rabbi considered to be the founder of Hasidic Judaism.
  • רבי אליהו הגאון מוילנה, Eliyahu the Gaon of Vilna, 'Gaon of Vilna stamp' (1720 – 1797) Lithuania's greatest Talmudic scholar and one of Judaism's greatest spiritual and intellectual leaders of modern times. He was, because of his fame, known simply as "The Vilna Gaon, or HaGRA (HaGaon Rav Eliyahu).
  • רבי נחמן מברסלב, Rabbi Nachman of Breslev, 'Breslever stamp' (1772 – 1810) Founder of the Breslov Hasidic movement. His religious philosophy revolved around closeness to God and speaking to God in normal conversation "as you would with a best friend." The concept of hitbodedut is central to his thinking.
  • Ludwik Zamenhof, 'Zamenhof Esperanto stamp' (1859 – 1917) The creator of Esperanto, the most successful constructed language designed for international communication.
  • יוסף גדליה ,קלאוזנר Joseph Gegaliah Klausner, 'Klausner stamp' (1874 – 1958) Jewish historian and professor of Hebrew Literature. He was the chief redactor of The Hebrew Encyclopedia.
  • מרטין בובר, Martin Buber, 'Buber stamp' (1878 – 1965) Austrian-born Jewish philosopher best known for his philosophy of dialogue, a form of religious existentialism centered on the distinction between the I-Thou relationship and the I-It relationship.
  • Janusz Korczak, 'Korczak stamp' the pen name of Henryk Goldszmit, (1878 or 1879 – 1942) was a Polish-Jewish educator, children's author, and pediatrician known as Pan Doktor (Mr Doctor) or Stary Doktor (Old Doctor). After spending many years working as director of an orphanage in Warsaw, he refused freedom and stayed with his orphans when the organization was sent from the Ghetto to Treblinka extermination camp during the Grossaktion Warsaw of 1942.

World Leaders and world dignitaries

  • Berek Joselewicz, 'Joselewicz stamp' (1764 –1809) Polish freedom fighter. He was a Jewish-Polish merchant and a colonel of the Polish Army during the Kościuszko Uprising. Joselewicz commanded the first Jewish military formation in modern history.
  • Sir Moses Montefiore משה מונטפיורי, 'Montefiore stamp' (1784 – 1885) The most famous British Jew of the 19th century. Banker, financier, philanthropist, Sheriff of London and determined defender of human rights. Sir Moses Montefiore's extreme largess, fearless activism on behalf of world Jewry was immeasurable.
  • Baron Maurice de Hirsch, 'Hirsch stamp' (1831 – 1896) Baron Moritz von Hirsch auf Gereuth was a German-Jewish banker, businessman and philanthropist who set up charitable foundations to promote Jewish education and improve the lot of oppressed European Jewry. He was the founder of the Jewish Colonization Association (JCA or IKA) which sponsored large-scale Jewish immigration to Argentina.
  • Émile Zola, 'Zola stamp' (1840 – 1902) French writer, the most important exemplar of the literary school of naturalism and an important contributor to the development of theatrical naturalism. He was a major figure in the political liberalization of France and in the exoneration of the falsely accused and convicted army officer Alfred Dreyfus, which is encapsulated in the renowned newspaper headline J'Accuse.
  • Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, KG, OM, PC, DL, 'Balfour stamp' (1848 – 1930) British Conservative politician and statesman. He authored the Perpetual Crimes Act (1887) (or Coercion Act), and was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1902 to 1905. Later, as Foreign Secretary, he authored the Balfour Declaration of 1917, which supported the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
  • Alfred Dreyfus, 'Dreyfus stamp' (1859 – 1935) French artillery officer of Jewish background whose trial and conviction in 1894 on charges of treason became one of the most tense political dramas in modern French and European history. Known today as the Dreyfus Affair, the incident eventually ended with Dreyfus's complete exoneration.
  • Orville Right (1871 – 1948) and Wilbur Wright (1867 – 1912) 'Wright stamps: 1'; '2'; '3'. The Wright Brothers were two Americans who are generally credited with inventing and building the world's first successful airplane and making the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight, on December 17, 1903. In the two years afterward, the brothers developed their flying machine into the first practical fixed-wing aircraft. Although not the first to build and fly experimental aircraft, the Wright brothers were the first to invent aircraft controls that made fixed-wing powered flight possible.
  • Léon André Blum, 'Blum stamp' (1872 – 1950) French politician of Jewish decent, usually identified with the moderate left, and three times Prime Minister of France.
  • Harry S. Truman, 33rd President of the United States, 'Truman stamp' (1884 – 1972) Thirty-third President of the United States (1945–1953). As vice president, he succeeded Franklin D. Roosevelt, who died less than three months after he began his fourth term. Supported the UN partition resolution to create a Jewish state and an Arab state on the territory of the British Mandate of Palestine, and recognized the established State of Israel in 1948.
  • Eleanor Roosevelt, 'Eleanor Roosevelt stamp' (1884 – 1962) First Lady of the United States 1933 - 1945. She supported the New Deal policies of her husband, distant cousin Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and became an advocate for civil rights.
  • General Orde Charles Wingate, 'Wingate stamp' (1903 – 1944) British Army officer and creator of special military units in Palestine in the 1930s and in World War II. Wingate became a supporter of Zionism, seeing it as his religious and moral duty to help the Jewish community in Palestine form a Jewish state.
  • Simon Wiesenthal, 'Wisenthal stamp' (1908 – 2005) Austrian Holocaust survivor who became famous after World War II for his work as a hunter of fugitive Nazis so that they could be brought to justice for war crimes and crimes against humanity. Co-founder of the Jewish Historical Documentation Center in Linz, and the Jewish Documentation Center in Vienna, Austria.
  • Karol Wojtyla / Pope John Paul II, 'John Paul II stamp' (1920 – 2005) Acclaimed as one of the most influential leaders of the 20th century.
  • Anne Frank, 'Anne Frank stamp' (1929 – 1945) One of the most renowned and most discussed Jewish victims of the Holocaust. Acknowledged for the quality of her writing, her diary has become one of the world's most widely read books, and has been the basis for several plays and films. Died of tyfus in Bergen Belzen Concentration Camp.
  • King Hassan II, الحسن الثاني‎, of Morocco, 'King Hassan stamp' (1929 – 1999) King of Morocco from 1961 until his death in 1999.
  • al-Ḥusain bin Ṭalāl, حسين بن طلال‎, al-Hāšimīy, King of Jordan, 'King Hussain stamp' (1935 – 1999) King of Jordan from the abdication of his father, King Talal, in 1952, until his death in 1999.
  • Justice Louis Brandeis, [ 'Brandeis stamp'] ( – )

Righteous among the Nations - חסידי אומות העולם‎

An honorific used by the State of Israel to describe non-Jews who risked their lives during the Holocaust to save Jews from extermination by the Nazis.

Diplomats

  • Aristides de Sousa Mendes do Amaral e Abranches, 'de Sousa Mendes et al. stamp' (1885 - 1954) Portuguese diplomat who ignored and defied the orders of his own government, and during World War II issued Portuguese visas free of charge, to over 30,000 refugees seeking to escape the Nazi terror, 12,000 of whom were Jews.
  • Chiune Sugihara, 杉原 千畝, 'Sugihara et al. stamp' (1900 - 1986) Vice Consul for the Japanese Empire in Lithuania. During World War II, he helped several thousand Jews leave the country by issuing them transit visas to travel to Japan.
  • Raoul Wallenberg, 'Wallenberg stamp' (1912 - 1947?) Swedish humanitarian who worked in Budapest, Hungary, during World War II to rescue Jews from the Holocaust. Between July and December 1944, he issued protective passports and housed Jews in buildings established as Swedish territory, saving tens of thousands of lives. Probably died while in Soviet detention. Yad Vashem Org. recognized Raoul Wallenberg as Righteous Among the Nations.
  • Selâhattin Ülkümen, 'Ülkümen stamp' (1914 – 2003) Turkish diplomat and consul in Rhodes during the Second World War, who assisted many local Jews to escape the Holocaust.
  • Giorgio Perlasca, 'Perlaska stamp' (1910 – 1992) Italian who posed as the Spanish consul-general to Hungary in the winter of 1944, and saved thousands of Jews from Nazi Germany and the Holocaust.
  • Carl Lutz, 'Lutz stamp' (1895 – 1975) Swiss Vice-Consul in Budapest, Hungary from 1942 until the end of World War II. He is credited with saving over 62,000 Jews from deportation to Nazi Extermination camps during the Holocaust.

Authors of great literature

Israeli & Jewish authors (mostly in Hebrew)

Notable Leaders in the Sciences and the Humanities

  • Albert Einstein, 'Einstein stamp1', 'Einstein stamp2', 'Einstein stamp3' (1879 – 1955) Often regarded as the father of modern physics. Nobel Laureate in Physics, 1921. His great intelligence and originality has made the word "Einstein" synonymous with genius.
  • Alexander Graham Bell, 'Bell stamp' (1847 – 1922). An eminent American scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator who is credited with inventing the first practical telephone. Many other inventions marked Bell's later life, including groundbreaking work in optical telecommunications, hydrofoils and aeronautics.
  • Thomas Alva Edison, 'Edison stamp' (1847 – 1931) An American inventor, scientist, and businessman who developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and a long-lasting, practical electric light bulb. Dubbed "The Wizard of Menlo Park" (now Edison, New Jersey) by a newspaper reporter, he was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of mass production and large teamwork to the process of invention, and therefore is often credited with the creation of the first industrial research laboratory.
  • Waldemar Mordecai Haffkine, 'Haffkine stamp' (1860 – 1930) Russian Jewish bacteriologist, developed, at the Pasteur Institute in Paris, an anti-cholera vaccine. Recognized as the first microbiologist who developed and used vaccines against cholera and bubonic plague. He tested the vaccines on himself. Lord Joseph Lister named him "a saviour of humanity".
  • Lev Davidovich Landau, 'Landau stamp' (1908 – 1968) Prominent Soviet physicist who made fundamental contributions to many areas of theoretical physics. Nobel Laureate in Physics 1962.
  • יואל רקח Giulio Racah, 'Racah stamp' (1909 – 1965) Italian–Israeli physicist and mathematician. Israel prize in exact Sciences, 1958.
  • אהרון קציר Aharon Katchalski-Katzir, 'A. Katzir stamp' (1914 – 1972) Israeli pioneer in the study of the electrochemistry of biopolymers. Israel Prize in Life Sciences 1961.
  • Heinrich Graetz, 'Graetz stamp' (1817 – 1891) Amongst the first historians to write a comprehensive history of the Jewish people from a Jewish perspective.
  • Shimon Dubnow (Dubnov), שמעון דובנוב, הי"ד, 'Dubnow stamp' (1860 – 1941) Jewish historian, writer and activist.
  • יצחק בער Yitzhak Baer, 'Baer stamp' (1888 – 1980) German-Israeli historian and an expert in medieval Spanish Jewish history.
  • Emanuel Ringelblum, הי"ד, 'Ringelblum stamp' (1900 – 1944) Polish-Jewish historian, politician and social worker. Known for the Ringelblum's Archives of the Warsaw Ghetto.
  • יעקב טלמון Jacob Talmon, 'Talmon stamp' (1916 – 1980) Professor of Modern History. He has been categorised as a 'Cold War liberal'.

Artists and Musicians

  • Johann Sebastian Bach, 'J.S.Bach stamp' (1685 – 1750) German composer, organist, harpsichordist, violist, and violinist whose sacred and secular works for choir, orchestra, and solo instruments drew together the strands of the Baroque period and brought it to its ultimate maturity.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, 'Mozart stamp' (1756 – 1791) Prolific and influential Austrian composer of the Classical era. He composed over 600 works, many acknowledged as pinnacles of symphonic, concertante, chamber, operatic, and choral music. He is among the most enduringly popular of classical composers.
  • Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, Felix Mendelssohn stamp' (1809 – 1847) The grandson of the philosopher Moses Mendelssohn, was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early Romantic period.
  • Gustav Mahler, 'Mahler stamp' (1860 – 1911) Bohemian-born Austrian Jewish composer and conductor, one of the leading orchestral and operatic conductors of his time.
  • James Ensor, 'Ensor stamp' (1860 – 1949) Flemish-Belgian painter and printmaker, an important influence on expressionism and surrealism who lived in Ostend for almost his entire life. He was associated with the artistic group Les XX.
  • Arturo Toscanini, 'Toscanini stamp' (1867 – 1957) Italian conductor. One of the most acclaimed musicians of the late 19th and 20th century.
  • Arnold Schoenberg, 'Schoenberg stamp' (1874 – 1951) was an Austrian American Jewish composer, associated with the expressionist movement in German poetry and art.
  • Ernest Bloch, 'Bloch stamp' (1880 – 1959) Swiss born American composer.
  • Bronislaw Huberman, 'Huberman stamp' (1882 – 1947) Czech-born, one of the towering figures among violinists of his generation.
  • Artur Rubinstein, 'Rubinstein stamp' (1887 – 1982) Polish-American pianist, widely considered one of the greatest classical pianists of the twentieth century. Founder of the Arthur Rubinstein International Piano Master Competition (in Tel Aviv, Israel).
  • Darius Milhaud, 'Milhaud stamp' (1892 – 1974) French composer and teacher. He was a member of Les Six—also known as The Group of Six—and one of the most prolific composers of the 20th century.
  • George Gershwin, 'Gershwin stamp' (1898 – 1937) American composer and pianist whose compositions spanned both popular and classical genres, and his most popular melodies are widely known.
  • Leonard Bernstein, 'L. Bernstein stamp' (1918 – 1990) American Jewish conductor, composer, author, music lecturer and pianist.
  • Madmoiselle Rachel (Elizabeth-Rachel Félix, 'Rachel stamp' (1821 – 1858), was a world famous French actress of a Jewish Alsatian origin.
  • Al Jolson (born Asa Yoelson), '100 yr. Cinema stamp' (1887 – 1961) American singer, comedian and actor. In his heyday, he was dubbed "The World's Greatest Entertainer".
  • Leonard "Chico" Marx, '100 yr. Cinema stamp' (1887 – 1961) Eldest of the Marx Brothers. Marx used an Italian accent for his on-stage character; stereotyped ethnic characters were common with Vaudeville comedians. Five of the Marx Brothers’ thirteen feature films were selected by the American Film Institute as among the top 100 comedy films.
  • Arthur Adolph "Harpo" Marx, '100 yr. Cinema stamp' (1888 – 1964) American comedian and film and television star. He was the second oldest of the Marx Brothers. With the big, poofy, curly red hair, a top hat, and a horn, the lovable mute was the favorite of the Marx Brothers.
  • Julius Henry "Groucho" Marx , '100 yr. Cinema stamp' (1890 – 1977) American comedian and film and television star. He is known as a master of quick wit and widely considered one of the best comedians of the modern era. His rapid-fire, often impromptu delivery of innuendo-laden patter earned him many admirers and imitators.
  • 'Danny Kaye', '100 yr. Cinema stamp' (1913 – 1987) Celebrated American actor, singer, dancer, and comedian. His best known performances featured physical comedy, idiosyncratic pantomimes, and rapid-fire nonsense songs.
  • Simone Signoret, '100 yr. Cinema stamp' (1921 – 1985) French cinema actress often hailed as one of France's greatest movie stars. She became the first French person to win an Academy Award, for her role in Room at the Top (1959). In her lifetime she also received a BAFTA, an Emmy, Golden Globe, Cannes Film Festival recognition and the Silver Bear for Best Actress.
  • Peter Sellers, OBE, '100 yr. Cinema stamp' (1925 – 1980) British comedian and actor best known for his roles in Dr. Strangelove, Lolita, and Being There. He is best remembered for his role of inept French police Inspector 'Jacques Clouseau' in the "Pink Panther" series of films (1964 to 1982).
  • חנה רובינא Hanna Rovina, 'Rovina stamp (1893 – 1980) "First Lady of the Hebrew Theater".
  • משה הלוי Moshe Halevy, M. 'Halevy stamp' (1895 – 1974) Theater director & founder of "HaOhel" theater (in Tel Aviv, now extinct).
  • שרה שרה לוי-תנאי Sarah Levi-Tanai, Levi-Tanai stamp (1910 – 2005) Israeli choreographer and song writer, founder and artistic director of the Inbal Dance Theater and recipient of the Israel Prize in dance.
  • יוסף מילוא, Joseph Milo, 'Milo stamp' (1916 – 1997) Israeli theatre actor and director, of thr founders of the "Kameri" theatre in Tel Aviv.
  • שייקה אופיר , Shai K. Ophir, 'Ophir stamp' (1928 – 1987) Israeli film actor and comedian, and the country's first mime.

Forefathers of the State of Israel (Zionist Leaders, Freedom Fighters and Settlers in Palestine)

Visionaries, Leaders and Supporters of the World Zionist Organization, WZO, and pre-Zionism

Para-military leaders, underground commanders, freedom fighters - ארגונים טרום-צבאיים, מפקדי המחתרות ולוחמים

  • Aharon Aaronsohn, אהרון ארונסון, 'A. Aaronsohn stamp' (1876 – 1919) Jewish agronomist, botanist, and Zionist activist in Eretz Israel in the Turkish Empire. He was the discoverer of wild emmer (Triticum dicoccoides), believed to be "the mother of wheat". He was the founder and head of Nili, a ring of Jewish residents of Palestine who spied for Britain during World War I.
  • Manya Shochat, מניה שוחט, 'M. Shochat stamp' (1879 – 1961) Russian Jewish politician and the "mother" of the collective settlement in Palestine, the forerunner of the kibbutz movement. Of the founders of the "Bar Giora" "Hashomer" & "HaKibbutz HaChashai" paramilitary defense organizations and "Gdud HaAvoda" and Kfar Giladi.
  • Eliyahu Golomb, אליהו גולומב , 'Golomb stamp' (1893 – 1945) Leader of the Jewish defense effort in Mandate Palestine and chief architect of the Haganah, the underground military organization for defense of the Yishuv between 1920 and 1948.
  • David Raziel,דוד רזיאל, 'Raziel stamp' (1910 – 1941) Fighter of the Jewish underground during the British Mandate of Palestine, and one of the founders and a Commander in Chief of the Irgun (Etzel - אצ"ל).
  • Yosef Glazman, יוסף גלזמן, 'Glazman stamp' (1908 - 1943) Partisans leader and a Beitar fellow. He was one of the leaders of Vilnus Ghetto Underground movement during the Holocaust.
  • Zivia Lubetkin, ציביה לובטקין, 'Lubetkin stamp' (1914 – 1978) one of the leaders of the Jewish underground in Nazi-occupied Warsaw and the only woman on the High Command of the resistance group Żydowska Organizacja Bojowa (ŻOB). One of the founders of Kibbutz Lohamei Hagetaot in Israel.
  • Yitzhak (Antek) Zuckerman, יצחק צוקרמן, 'Zuckerman stamp' (1915 – 1981) One of the leaders of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising during World War II, and one of the founders of Kibbutz Lohamei Hagetaot in Israel.
  • Mordechai Anielewicz, מרדכי אנילביץ, 'Anielewicz stamp' (1919 – 1943) Leader of Żydowska Organizacja Bojowa (Jewish Combat Organization), also known as ŻOB, during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising from January to May 1943. it is assumed that he took his own life on 8 May 1943, along with his girlfriend and many of his staff, in a mass suicide at the surrounded ŻOB command post at 18 Miła Street.
  • [ Pawel Frenkel - פאוול פרנק] [ Flags Over the Ghetto stamp] (19xx – 1943) Leader of the Jewish Military Organization, Warsaw (ZZW)

Martyrs for the struggle of Israel independence - הרוגי מלכות בדור התקומה

  • Avshalom Feinberg - אבשלום פיינברג, [none yet? 'Feinberg stamp'] (1889 – 1917) Gedera, (Palestine) born, who studied in France. A leader of Nili, a Jewish spy network in Ottoman Palestine helping the British fight the Ottoman Empire during World War I. He was apparently killed by Bedouin near the British front in Sinai, close to Rafah. His fate was unknown until after the 1967 Six-Day War when his remains were found under a palm tree that had grown from date seeds in his pocket to mark the spot where he lay.
  • Sara Aaronsohn, שרה ארונסון, 'S. Aaronsohn stamp' (1890 – 1917) NILI commander מראשי ניל"י, a ring of Jewish spies working for the British in World War I, and a sister of notable botanist Aaron Aaronsohn. In October 1917, the Ottomans arrested numerous people in Zichron Yaakov, including Sarah. After four days of torture, she managed to shoot and kill herself with a pistol concealed on the premises to avoid further torture and to protect her colleagues. She is sometimes referred to as the "heroine of Nili."
  • Naaman Belkind, נעמן בלקינד, 'Belkind stamp' (1888 – 1917) Born in Gedera, in Ottoman Palestine. He was a member of Nili, a Jewish paramilitary and a spying organization for the British in Ottoman Palestine. He was eventually caught and sentenced to death in Damascus togrther with Yosef Lishansky.
  • Yosef Lishansky, יוסף לישנסקי, 'Lishansky stamp' (1890 – 1917) Russian born Jewish paramilitary and a spy for the British in Ottoman Palestine. Upon his arrival in Palestine, Lishansky sought to join HaShomer but, denied membership, he founded a rival organization, HaMagen. Several years later, he joined the Jewish espionage organization, Nili. Lishansky was wanted by the Ottomans for his activities and was betrayed by HaShomer when he sought refuge with them. He escaped capture several times, but was eventually caught and sentenced to death in Damascus.
  • Joseph Trumpeldor, יוסף טרומפלדור, 'Trumpeldor stamp1'; 'Trumpeldor stamp2' (1880 – 1920) Early Zionist activist. He helped organize the Zion Mule Corps (WWI) and bring Jewish immigrants to Eretz Israel. Trumpeldor died defending the settlement of Tel Hai in 1920 and subsequently became a Zionist national hero. His last words were famously "Never mind, it is good to die for our country."
  • Avraham "Yair" Stern, אברהם "יאיר" שטרן, 'Stern stamp' (1907 – 1942) Jewish urban revolutionary who founded and led the Zionist organization later known as Lehi (also called the "Stern Gang" by the British colonial authorities), an underground paramilitary organization who fought the British authority in the British Mandate of Palestine till 1948.
  • Enzo Sereni, אנצו סירני, הי"ד, 'Sereni stamp' (1905 – 1944) Italian Zionist, co-founder of kibbutz Givat Brenner, scholar, advocate of Jewish-Arab co-existence and a resistance fighter. Sent by the Jewish Agency and Britain's Special Operations Executive (SOE) on military missions in Nazi-occupied Italy in World War II, captured by the Germans and executed in Dachau concentration camp.
  • Haviva Reick, חביבה רייק, הי"ד, 'Reik stamp' (1914 – 1944) One of 32 Palestinian Jewish parachutists sent by the Jewish Agency and Britain's Special Operations Executive (SOE) on military missions in Nazi-occupied Europe. Was captured and murdered by the Nazis and their Slovak collaborators.
  • Hanna Szenes, חנה סנש הי"ד, 'Szens stamp' (1921 – 1944) Hungarian Jew, one of 32 Palestinian Jewish parachutists sent by the Jewish Agency and Britain's Special Operations Executive (SOE) on military missions in Nazi-occupied Europe. Was arrested at the Hungarian border, imprisoned and tortured, but she refused to reveal details of her mission and was eventually tried, and executed by firing squad. She is regarded as a national heroine in Israel, and her poetry is widely known.
  • Moshe Marzuk, משה מרזוק, 'Marzuk stamp' (1926 – 1955) Egyptian Karaite Jew, hanged by Egypt in 1955 for his involvement in a series of bombings in Cairo codenamed Operation Suzannah, also named later the "Unfortunate Affair" or the The Bad Business (Hebrew: HaEsek Bish), a failed Israeli covert operation, conducted in Egypt in the Summer of 1954.
  • Shmuel Azar, שמואל עזר, 'Azar stamp' (1929 – 1955) One of the "Cairo convicts" "נדוני קהיר" who were tried, convicted and hanged in Egypt as Israeli spies following the "Unfortunate Affair" or The Bad Business (Hebrew: HaEsek Bish), a failed Israeli covert operation, code named Operation Susannah, conducted in Egypt in the Summer of 1954.
  • Eli Cohen, אלי כהן. 'E. Cohen stamp' (1924 – 1965) An Israeli intelligence officer and spy. He is best known for his work in Syria, where he developed close relationships with the political and military hierarchy and became the Chief Adviser to the Minister of Defense. He was eventually exposed and executed in Syria in 1965. The intelligence he gathered is claimed to have been an important factor in Israel's success in the Six Day War.

Martyrs, "עולי הגרדום": Twelve "Etzel, אצ"ל" and "Lehi, לח"י" members of the Jewish underground organizations, executed by the British Mandate of Palestine authorities (1938 – 1947).

  • Shlomo Ben Yosef, שלמה בן יוסף, 'Ben Yosef stamp' (1913 – 1938) Born in Poland as Shalom Tabachnik was a noted (and controversial) member of the Revisionist Zionist underground Irgun. He is most noted for his participation in an April 21, 1938 attack on a bus carrying Arab civilians, intended as a retaliation for an earlier attack by Arabs against Jews, and emblematic as a rejection of the establishment policy of Havlagah, or restraint. For having been the first Jew executed by the British authorities during the mandate period, Ben-Yosef is revered in the highest terms by right-wing Zionist groups such as Betar, Irgun, Jewish Defense League and the Kach movement.
  • Eliyahu Hakim, אליהו חכים, 'Hakim stamp' (1925 – 1945) Beirut born, Lehi (לח"י) paramilitary underground member in British Mandate Palestine. Known for taking part in the 1944 Cairo assassination of Lord Moyne, the British Minister Resident in the Middle East. Captured, tried, hanged and buried in Cairo, Egypt. In 1975 his remains were moved to Mt. Herzl Military Cemetery, Jerusalem, Israel.
  • אליהו בית-צורי, 'Beit Tzuri stamp' (1922 – 1945) Tel Aviv born, Lehi (לח"י) paramilitary underground member in British Mandate Palestine. Known for taking part in the 1944 Cairo assassination of Lord Moyne, the British Minister Resident in the Middle East. Captured, tried, hanged and buried in Cairo, Egypt. In 1975 his remains were moved to Mt. Herzl Military Cemetery, Jerusalem, Israel.
  • Dov Gruner דב גרונר, 'Gruner stamp' (1912 – 1947) Hungarian-born Zionist activist and a member of the pre-state Jewish underground, Irgun. Fought the Nazis as a soldier in the Jewish Brigade and after the war took part in the Irgun underground activities against the British mandate. On April 19, 1947, Gruner was executed by the British Mandatory authorities in Palestine on charges of "firing on policemen and setting explosive charges with the intent of killing personnel on His Majesty's service."
  • Mordechai Alkachi מרדכי אלקחי, 'Alkachi stamp' (1925 – 1947) Born in Petach Tikva (Israel). An "Etzel" member, was captured in the "Night of the Beatings" and was hanged by the British authorities on April 14, 1947.
  • Eliezer Kashani אליעזר קשאני, 'Kashani stamp' (1923 – 1947) Born in Petach Tikva (Israel). An "Etzel" member, was captured in the "Night of the Beatings" and was hanged by the British authorities on April 14, 1947.
  • Yehiel Drezner, יחיאל דב דרזנר, 'Drezner stamp' (1922 – 1947) (Aka Dov Rosenbaum) Born in Poland, to a famous Rabbinical family (his mother family). At the age of 11 his family immigrated to British mandate Palestine and settled in Jerusalem. He moved to Netanya and then to Tel Aviv, working as a diamond cutter. An "Etzel" member from 1944, was captured "Night of the Beatings" and was hanged by the British authorities on April 14, 1947.
  • Moshe Barazani, משה ברזאני, 'Barazani stamp' (1928 – 1947) Born in Baghdad to a Jewish family from Northern Iraq that moved to Jerusalem when he was an infant. He joined Lehi ("Freedom Fighters of Israel," aka the "Stern Gang") at an early age and took part in sabotage operations. He was arrested during a curfew, charged with conspiracy to murder British Brigardier A. P. Davis and sentenced to death by hanging by a British military court on April 21, 1947. However before the execution, he and his comrade Meir Feinstein committed suicide in their cells in the central prison in the Russian Compound in Jerusalem with improvised grenades which had been smuggled inside oranges.
  • Meir Feinstein, מאיר פיינשטיין‎, 'Feinstein stamp' (1927 – 1947) Born in the Old City of Jerusalem. He was an Irgun (Etzel - אצ"ל) operative who lost an arm on Oct. 30, 1946 while planting an Improvised Explosive Device in the railway station in Jerusalem, and was subsequently captured and sentenced to death by the British authorities in Palestine. However before the execution, he and his comrade Moshe Barazani committed suicide in their cells in the central prison in the Russian Compound in Jerusalem with improvised grenades which had been smuggled inside oranges.
  • Avshalom Haviv, אבשלום חביב, 'Haviv stamp' (1926 – 1947) pre-Jewish state Irgun underground member. Haviv's final mission was to take up a blocking position during the operation that scattered mines in support of the Acre Prison break on May 4 1947. He was captured during the engagement along with Irgun fighters Meir Nakar, Yaakov Weiss, Amnon Michaelov, and Nachman Zitterbaum when the group ran out of ammunition. He was tried by the British Mandate courts and sentenced to death by hanging at Acre Prison. On July 30, the Irgun carried out their threat to retaliate and hang two British sergeants they had kidnapped earlier. This operation shocked Britain, despite the explicit threat beforehand, and brought to an end hanging of Jews in the British Mandate of Palestine. Meir Nakar, Yaakov Weiss and Avshalom Haviv were the last to ascend the British gallows.
  • Yaakov (Imre) Weiss, יעקב וייס, 'Weiss stamp' (1924 – 1947) Czech-born Zionist activist pre-Jewish state Irgun (Etzel - אצ"ל) underground member. Weiss' final mission was to take up a blocking position during the operation that scattered mines in support of the Acre Prison break on May 4 1947. He was captured during the engagement along with Irgun fighters Meir Nakar, Avshalom Haviv, Amnon Michaelov, and Nachman Zitterbaum when the group ran out of ammunition. He was tried by the British Mandate courts and sentenced to death by hanging at Acre Prison. On July 30, the Irgun carried out their threat to retaliate and hang two British sergeants they had kidnapped earlier. This operation shocked Britain, despite the explicit threat beforehand, and brought to an end hanging of Jews in the British Mandate of Palestine. Meir Nakar, Yaakov Weiss and Avshalom Haviv were the last to ascend the British gallows.
  • Meir Nakar, מאיר נקר, 'Nakar stamp' (1926 – 1947) Jerusalem-born Zionist activist pre-Jewish state Irgun (Etzel - אצ"ל) underground member. Nakar's' final mission was to take up a blocking position during the operation that scattered mines in support of the Acre Prison break on May 4 1947. He was captured during the engagement along with Irgun fighters Yaakov Weiss, Avshalom Haviv, Amnon Michaelov, and Nachman Zitterbaum when the group ran out of ammunition. He was tried by the British Mandate courts and sentenced to death by hanging at Acre Prison. On July 30, the Irgun carried out their threat to retaliate and hang two British sergeants they had kidnapped earlier. This operation shocked Britain, despite the explicit threat beforehand, and brought to an end hanging of Jews in the British Mandate of Palestine. Meir Nakar, Yaakov Weiss and Avshalom Haviv were the last to ascend the British gallows.

Acquisition of land, "Keren Kayemet", "Keren Hayesod, רכישת קרקעות, קק"ל וקרן היסוד" and 'Early settlers and farmers in Eretz Israel (Turkish Empire & British Mandate of Palestine) מקימי היישובים החדשים בארץ ישראל'

  • Shimon Rokeach, שמעון רוקח, 'S. Rokeach stamp' (1863 – 1922) Founder of Neve Tzedek, the first neighborhoods Tel Aviv outside Jaffa. Businessman, Journalist of "Htzvi" and public activist in Eretz Israel.
  • Charles Netter, קרל (יעקב) נטר, Netter stamp (1826 – 1882) Zionist leader, and a founding member of the Alliance Israélite Universelle. In 1870, Netter founded Mikveh Israel, the first modern Jewish agricultural settlement and agricultural school in the Land of Israel.
  • Aharon Chelouche, אהרון שלוש, 'Chelouce stamp' (1840 – 1920) Of the leaders of the Sephardic community in Jaffa, founder of Neve Tzedek, a jeweler, money changer and real estate dealer who encouraged Jewish settlement outside the city walls of Jaffa. He was head the Chelouch family who played a central role in establishing Jewish neighborhoods in Jaffa and in Tel Aviv.
  • Batia Makov, בתיה מקוב, 'Makov stamp' (1841 – 1912) She was the forefront of the unique strong women of the First Aliyah, the first Feminist woman in Israel. In 1890 she sold her businesses in Europe and purchased a 240-hectare parcel of land in the newly founded town of Rehovot. She left her husband, who strongly opposed the idea, and immigrated to Eretz Israel with five of her young children. She was selected to host Theodor Herzl in her home when he came to visit Rehovot in 1898.
  • Zerach Barnet, זֶ‏רַ‏ח בַּ‏‏‏רְנֶ‏ט 'Barnet stamp' (1843 – 1935) Trader and Zionist activist, among the first settlers of Petah Tikva (mother of the colonies) and the initiator and founder of Neve Shalom neighborhood (later in Tel Aviv) in 1890. In 1884 Barnet was a delegate in the Katowice Conference (ועידת קטוביץ).
  • Shimon Rokeach, שמעון רוקח, 'S. Rokeach stamp' (1863 – 1922) Founder of Neve Tzedek, the first neighborhoods Tel Aviv outside Jaffa. Businessman, Journalist of "Htzvi" and public activist in Eretz Israel.
  • Menachem Ussishkin, מנחם אוסישקין, 'Ussishkin stamp' (1863 – 1941) Zionist leader and head of the Jewish National Fund (1923-41). He was behind major land acquisitions in the Hefer, Jezreel and Beit She'an valleys. Under his influence the Zionist movement actively supported the establishment of agricultural settlements, and educational and cultural institutions in Eretz Israel.
  • Yehushua Hankin, יהושע חנקין, 'Hankin stamp' (1864 – 1945) Zionist activist who was responsible for most of the major land purchases of the World Zionist Organization in the Ottoman and in the British Mandate of Palestine.
  • Arthur Ruppin, ארתור רופין, 'Ruppin stamp' (1876 – 1943) Zionist thinker and leader. One of the founders of the city of Tel Aviv, and a pioneering sociologist credited as being "The Father Of Jewish Sociology". Ruppin became the chief Zionist land agent. He acquired land on the Carmel, in Afula, in the Jezreel Valley, and in Jerusalem. He was instrumental in shaping the nature of Jewish settlement in Palestine and in changing the paradigm of settlement from those of plantation owners and poor laborers to the collective and cooperative kibbutzim and moshavim that became the backbone of the state-in-the-making.
  • Aharon David Gordon - אהרון דוד גורדון, 'Gordon stamp'. (1856 – 1922) Zionist ideologue and the spiritual force behind practical Zionism and Labor Zionism. He founded Hapoel Hatzair, a movement that set the tone for the Zionist movement for many years to come.
  • Michael Halpern, מיכאל הלפרן, 'Halpern stamp' (1860 – 1919) Educator and Zionist activist, revolutionary socialist, pioneer of the First Aliya, visionary of the "Herbrew State" in Eretz Israel, union leader, one of the founders of "Poaley Zion" political party, fighter and "shomer" (watchman)ת initiator of industry and settlements, inspiration of the founders of "Hashomer" organization.
  • Akiva Weiss - עקיבא וייס, 'Weiss stamp' (d. 1947) A founding-father of the Ahuzat Bait neighborhood, later becoming Tel Aviv.

Rabbis supporting Zionism - רבנים תומכי התנועות הציוניות

Leaders of the Jewish Community in Etretz Israel - ממנהיגי היישוב העברי בארץ ישראל

 

State Political Leaders

Rabbis and Clergymen

Notable Israelis

Israeli Music - מוסיקה ישראלית

Politicians - פוליטיקאים

Journalists - עתונאים

Senior IDF commanders - מפקדי צה"ל בכירים

  • Yaakov Dori - יעקב דורי, 'Dori stamp' (1889 – 1973) First Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces (1948-9) and President of the Technion.
  • Yitzhak Sadeh, יצחק שדה, 'Sadeh stamp' (1890 – 1952), Commander in the Haganah and commander of the Palmach, one of the founders and a General in the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) at the time of the establishment of the State of Israel.
  • Moshe Dayan משה דיין, 'Dayan stamp' (1915 – 1981) Israeli military leader and politician. Fourth Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces (1953–1958), he became a fighting symbol to the world of the new State of Israel. He went on to become Defense Minister and later Foreign Minister of Israel.
  • Yigal Alon, יגאל אלון, 'Alon stamp' (1918 – 1980) Commander of the Palmach, Israeli politician, serving as one of the leaders of Mapai and the Alignment, acting Prime Minister of Israel, member of Knesset and government minister from the tenth through the seventeenth Knessets.
  • Rechavam "Gandhi" Zeevi - רחבעם "גנדי" זאבי, 'Zeevi stamp' (1926 – 2001) Israeli general, politician, and historian who founded the right-wing nationalist Moledet party, mainly advocating population transfer.
  • Ilan Ramon אילן רמון, 'Ramon stamp' (1954 – 2003) Fighter pilot in the Israeli Air Force, and later the first Israeli astronaut, killed in the fatal mission of Columbia space craft in 2003.

Sports - ספורטאים

Israeli Football Legends - אגדות הכדורגל הישראלי