Start My Family Tree Welcome to Geni, home of the world's largest family tree.
Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree.

Academia Brasileira de Letras - ABL

« Back to Projects Dashboard

Project Tags

view all

Profiles

  • Helio Jaguaribe (1923 - 2018)
    Nono ocupante da Cadeira nº 11, eleito em 3 de março de 2005 na sucessão de Celso Furtado e recebido em 22 de julho de 2005 pelo acadêmico Candido Mendes de Almeida. Helio Jaguaribe de Mattos, academ...
  • Cacá Diegues
    Carlos Diegues, mais conhecido como Cacá Diegues, (Maceió, 19 de maio de 1940) é um premiado cineasta brasileiro. Foi casado com a cantora Nara Leão, com quem teve dois filhos, Isabel e Francisco. É um...
  • Garcia Redondo (1854 - 1916)
    Garcia Redondo (Manuel Ferreira Garcia Redondo), engenheiro, jornalista, professor, contista e teatrólogo, nasceu no Rio de Janeiro, RJ, em 7 de janeiro de 1854, e faleceu em São Paulo, SP, em 6 de out...
  • Gustavo Barroso (1888 - 1959)
    Gustavo Adolfo Luiz Guilherme Dodt da Cunha Barroso (Fortaleza, 29 de dezembro de 1888 — Rio de Janeiro, 3 de dezembro de 1959) foi um advogado, professor, museólogo, político, contista, folclorista, c...
  • Marco Maciel
    Foi deputado, governador biônico de Pernambuco, senador e vice-presidente da República (de 1995 a 2002). Exerce o cargo de senador de 2003 até 2011. Professor de Direito Internacional Público da Univer...

Academia Brasileira de Letras (ABL) Brazilian Academy of Letters) is a Brazilian literary non-profit society established at the end of the 19th century by a group of 40 writers and poets inspired by the Académie Française. The first president, Machado de Assis, declared its foundation on December 15, 1896, with the by-laws being passed on January 28, 1897. On July 20 of the same year, the Academy entered into operation.

The Brazilian Academy of Letters is, according to its statutes, charged with the care of the "national language" of Brazil (the Portuguese language) and with the promotion of Brazilian literary arts. The Academy is considered the foremost institution devoted to the Portuguese language in Brazil. Although it is not a state institution and no law grants to it oversight over the language, by its prestige and technical qualification it is the paramount authority on Brazilian Portuguese. The Academy's main publication in this field is the Orthographic Vocabulary of the Portuguese Language (Vocabulário Ortográfico da Língua Portuguesa) of which there were five editions. The Vocabulary is prepared by the Academy's Commission on Lexicology and Lexicography. If a word is not included in the Vocabulary, it is considered not to exist as a correct word in Brazilian Portuguese.

The Orthographic Vocabulary, however, is not a Dictonary, as it contains words and their grammatical categories, but not the definition or meaning of the words listed. Thus, unlike the French Academy, the Royal Spanish Academy and other foreign institutions dedicated with the care of a national language, the Brazilian Academy of Letters, until recently, published no official dictionary. Although it still stopped short of publishing a full official dictionary, the Academy issued its first dictionary in 2009, the School Dictionary of the Portuguese Language (Dicionário Escolar da Língua Portuguesa), with students as its target customers.

The Academy does plan to publish a full and official Dictionary of the Brazilian Academy of Letters in the future. For the time being, however, other dictionaries such as the Aurélio and the Houaiss remain more prestigious than the School Dictionary, in spite of the fact that the latter is sometimes marketed by booksellers as the "ABL's Dictionary", due to its being authored by the Academy. Both the Houaiss and the Aurélio Dictionaries, however, were first compiled by members of the Academy (Antônio Houaiss and Aurélio Buarque de Holanda Ferreira, respectively) in their private capacities and as personal professional enterprieses. The preparation of an official dictionary of the Portuguese Language is a stated goal of the Brazilian Academy of Letters [1]

The Academy is composed to this day of 40 members, known as "immortals", chosen from among the citizens of Brazil, who have published recognized works or books of literary value. The position of "immortal" is awarded for the recipient's lifetime. New members are admitted by a vote of the Academy members when one of the "chairs" become vacant. The chairs are numbered and each has a Patron: the Patrons are 40 great Brazilian writers that were already dead when the Academy was founded; the names of the Patrons were chosen by the Founders and they were honored post mortem by each being assigned patronage over a chair.

Thus, each of the 40 chairs is associated with its current holder, with the predecessors of the current holder who occupied it before him, and, in particular, with the Founder who occupied it first, but also with the seat's Patron.

The academicians use formal gala gilded uniforms with a sword (the uniform is called "fardão") when participating in official meetings of the Academy. During periods of dictatorship and military régime, the Academy's neutrality in choosing proper members dedicated to the literary profession was compromised[citation needed] when it elected politicians with few or no contributions to literature, such as ex-president Getúlio Vargas. The Academy, which was a purely male affair until the groundbreaking election of novelist Rachel de Queiroz in 1977 for chair No. 5, now has four women members (10% of its total membership), one of which, Nélida Piñon, served as president in 1996–97.

The Academy, thanks to revenues in excess of $4 million a year, is financially stable. It owns a skyscraper with 28 floors (Palácio Austregésilo de Athaide), in the center of Rio, which the Academy rents for office space, generating 70% of its current revenue. The rest comes from rental of other buildings, which were legated by book editor Francisco Alves, in 1917, and from financial investments. This comfortable situation allows for paying a "jeton" to each academician. The ABL is located just by its side, in a neoclassical building, which is named "Petit Trianon". It was donated by the government of France in 1923 and is so named because it is a copy of the Petit Trianon palace in Versailles, near Paris, France.

It has recently inaugurated one of the largest public libraries in Rio, with 90,000 volumes and a multimedia center.

The Academy annually awards several literary prizes: the Prêmio Machado de Assis (the most important literature prize in the country, awarded for lifework), and the ABL prizes for poetry, for fiction and drama, for essays, critic and history of the literature, and for children's literature. Sometimes, an extraordinary commemorative prize is also awarded, such as the José Lins do Rego prize, in 2001, and the Afonso Arinos prize, in 2005.

The Academy also publishes a literary periodical, the Brazilian Review (Revista Brasileira), with quarterly editions.

WP

A Academia Brasileira de Letras (ABL) é uma instituição que reúne muitos dos principais escritores brasileiros. Ela foi fundada em 20 de julho de 1897 com a finalidade de preservar a língua e a literatura do Brasil e estimular manifestações culturais ligadas a elas.

Os “imortais”

A Academia Brasileira de Letras possui quarenta integrantes efetivos e perpétuos (isto é, que são seus membros até a morte). Eles são chamados “imortais”. Cada uma das quarenta cadeiras da ABL tem um patrono, homenageando personalidades que marcaram a literatura e a cultura brasileira. Os acadêmicos são escolhidos por eleição em votação secreta. Quando um deles morre, a cadeira é declarada vaga na Sessão de Saudade. Os interessados em se tornar “imortais” têm um mês para se candidatar. A eleição transcorre três meses após a declaração da vaga.

A Academia Brasileira de Letras tem sede no Rio de Janeiro. Está instalada em dois edifícios: o Petit Trianon e o Palácio Austregésilo de Athayde. O Petit Trianon foi doado à ABL em 1923 pelo governo francês. É uma réplica do Petit Trianon, que fica no Palácio de Versalhes, na França. O edifício havia sido construído em 1922 para abrigar o pavilhão da França na exposição internacional que comemorou o centenário da independência do Brasil.

Primeira sede própria da ABL, é lá que, ainda hoje, acontecem as reuniões regulares dos acadêmicos, as sessões solenes comemorativas e o tradicional chá das quintas-feiras. Ao lado do Petit Trianon, foi construído o Palácio Austregésilo de Athayde, inaugurado em 20 de julho de 1979. É ali que funciona a diretoria da academia.

A Academia Brasileira de Letras concede vários prêmios literários e possui duas bibliotecas: a Biblioteca Acadêmica Lúcio de Mendonça, que a acompanha desde a fundação, e a Biblioteca Rodolfo Garcia, inaugurada em 2005. A instituição também tem um importante acervo de documentos textuais, fotografias, multimídia, periódicos, arquivos pessoais dos acadêmicos e documentos institucionais.

História

No fim do século XIX, os escritores Afonso Celso Júnior e Medeiros e Albuquerque queriam criar uma academia nacional, nos moldes da Academia Francesa. A primeira iniciativa foi de Lúcio de Mendonça, mas a ideia acabou se concretizando com a participação do escritor Machado de Assis. Em 20 de julho de 1897 era realizada a Sessão Inaugural, nas instalações do Pedagogium, um prédio que fica no centro do Rio.

Machado de Assis foi o primeiro presidente da academia. Austregésilo de Athayde foi o presidente que ficou mais tempo no cargo: quase 34 anos consecutivos, de 1959 até sua morte, em 1993, doze dias antes de completar 95 anos de idade.

Cadeira 01




Cadeira 02

Cadeira 03

Cadeira 04



Cadeira 05


Cadeira 06

Cadeira 07

Cadeira 08

Cadeira 09



Cadeira 10

Cadeira 11

Cadeira 12

Cadeira 13

Cadeira 14

Cadeira 15

Cadeira 16

' Cadeira 17



Cadeira 18

Cadeira 19

Cadeira 20

Cadeira 21

Cadeira 22

Cadeira 23

Cadeira 24

Cadeira 25

Cadeira 26

Cadeira 27

Cadeira 28


Cadeira 29

Cadeira 30

Cadeira 31

Cadeira 32


Cadeira 33

  • Raul Pompéia
  • Domício da Gama
  • Fernando Magalhães
  • Luís Edmundo
  • Afrânio Coutinho
  • Evanildo Cavalcante Bechara

Cadeira 34

Cadeira 35

Cadeira 36

Cadeira 37

Cadeira 38

Cadeira 39

Cadeira 40