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Aides De Camps and Guard of Honor of the Liberator Simón Bolívar

Edecanes & Guardia, Guias y Husares del Libertador Simón Bolívar

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Simon Bolivar, in a letter from Babahoyo dated 14/06/1823 to Francisco de Paula Santander, states that <<he didn't have more than 11 aide de camps at any one time during the 13 years he had been at war (then)>>, ... (making this an approximate total of 220 (1810-1830)), <<being 1823 the year of the lowest ebb, when he had>> (according to himself), ...<<only four>>. The last seven-and-a-half months of his life he traveled extensively down the lower basin of the Magdalena River, towards his supposed (self-) exile. It is known he had a whole company of Granaderos following him, but his personal guard had dwindled dramatically by this time, with the exception of Colonel Belford Hinton Wilson, Generals: Mariano Montilla, Jose Maria Carreño, Jose Laurencio Silva and his very loyal life-long valet Jose Palacios ( also a seasoned soldier ).

ALWAYS AT WAR TO HIS DEATH-

1821- Carabobo, Venezuela

1822- Bombona and Pichincha (Ecuador and Bolivia)

1823 - The (Naval) Battle of Lake Maracaibo and Puerto Cabello´s Castillo de San Esteban Siege (Venezuela) -

1824 - Junin and Ayacucho, Final Battles For the Independence of Bolivia and Peru -

1825 - Mutiny within his troops and the Civil War in Ecuador -

1826 - The collapse of the Gran Colombia, the Cosiata movement in Venezuela and Santander´s treason on him.

1827 - Civil unrest in Venezuela, Guayaquil and Bolivia - The expected invasion of Francisco Morales with 12,000 troops from Puerto Rico.

1828 - Failed assassination attempt at Ocaña´s Convention on his life - To maintain the unity of Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador and Nueva Granada, Bolivar had to assume dictatorial powers. He had by this time implicitly acknowledged Venezuela´s sovereignty, under General Jose Antonio Paez´s leadership, and Cristobal Mendoza, as its first President . It is important to make the remark at this point, that he never lost communication with General Jose Antonio Paez, contrary to what many ill-intentioned people would have you believe. They were always on speaking terms, and Bolivar kept a fluid correspondence with Paez (and sincere friendship with him), to his death.

1829 - The Battle of Portete de Tarqui, Ecuador a failed forced take-over of Ecuador (Guayaquil) by Peru under General Jose de La Mar. This was eventually crushed by Field Marshall Antonio Jose de Sucre. Bolivar was on his way to aid him (Sucre), but never got there on time.

1830 - Sucre is killed (murdered) in Berruecos, Ecuador, while Bolivar dies at the end of that year (of tuberculosis), having left General Tomas Cipriano Mosquera in the Presidency of Nueva Granada. All of this time, however, Bolivar continued to exercise, reluctantly, dictatorial powers, seconded by General Rafael Urdaneta, who acted as his lieutenant-in-command, (because Bolivar was a lame-duck the last few months of his life).

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GUARDIA DE HONOR DEL LIBERTADOR ( GRANADEROS ) al 06/1827.

Primer Comandante, Alejandro Salazar; Segundo Comandante, Marcelo Gomez; Capitan, Vicente Gamez; Teniente Juan Bautista Carrillo; Teniente Tiburcio Aguirre; Teniente Jose Maria Aponte; Teniente Tomas Brea; Alferez Guillermo Landaeta; Teniente Bartolome Villegas; Alferez Jose del Carmen Leal; Capitan Francisco Martin Davila; Coronel Andres Elorza; Teniente Coronel de Infanteria Felipe Perez; Capitan Agustin Pelayo; Capitan Agustin Gerardo; Capitan Bernardo Santamaria; Teniente Pedro Santamaria, Teniente Blas Rivas; Alferez Atanasio Sauceyo; Capitan de Fragata J. Casimiro Curbelo; Teniente Sebastian de la Cuesta; Teniente Roso Canelon Gonzalez (muerto de un cañonazo (accidental) realista (ya habian capitulado los españoles) en la Toma de Puerto Cabello, el 07 de Noviembre de 1823); Capitan Pascual Rivas; Alferez Bartolome LaFuentes; Teniente Francisco Farias; Capitan Gregorio Ascaño; Capitan Agustin Chacon; Comandante Diego Gonzalez; Teniente Gaspar Torres; Teniente Serafin Vela; Comandante Juan Carvajal; Comandante Juan Martinez; Comandante Juan Pablo Farfan; Alferez Gabino Gomez; Teniente Roso Urbano; Teniente Domingo Espinoza; Teniente Martin Franco; Capitan Gregorio Arteaga; Alferez Pedro Lopez; Alferez Leon Castillo; Coronel Jose Francisco Farfan; Comandante M. Carlote; Capitan Baseliirio Blanco; Teniente Romualdo Meza (hermano de Simon Meza, numero 82 en la lista); Alferez Juan Jose Ravago; Alferez Rafael Alvarado; Capitan J. Florencio Figueredo; Teniente Mateo Villafaña; Alferez Rafael Blanco; Teniente Coronel Gervasio Arsiniega; Capitan Francisco X. Pacheco; Sargento Mayor Vicente Herrera; Capitan Manuel Izaguirre; Teniente Roso Herrera; Teniente Gregorio Acosta; Teniente Cecilio Ascaño; Alferez J.M. Ramos; Alferez Martin Sursa; Coronel. F. Guerrero; Coronel Remigio Lara; Comandante Domingo Mirabal; Comandante J. Francisco Bolcan; Alferez C. Miguel Rios;Teniente Jose Antonio Herrera; Alferez Pedro Herrera; Capitan Juan Fernandez; Alferez Miguel Berdugo; Capitan Jose Gabriel Rodriguez; Alferez Alejandro Bordes; Teniente Julian Pino; Teniente Pablo Brito; Capitan (Retirado) Francisco Orozco; Teniente Coronel Leon Ferrer; Capitan Felipe Figueredo; Capitan Francisco A. Lorca; Capitan P. Jose Echeverria; Alferez Nicolas Delgado; Capitan Francisco Gimenez; Teniente Luciano Hurtado; Capitan (Retirado) F. Nazario Mirabal; Comandante Francisco Carrasquel; Alferez Florencio Ascaño; Capitan Francisco Rondon; Capitan Hilario Hernandez; Teniente Antonio M. Ensinoso; Coronel Juan Antonio Mirabal; Coronel Facundo Mirabal, Comandante Calderón.

Ref: La Guardia de Honor del Libertador Presidente, Volume 1, Francisco Alejandro Vargas, Coleccion Presidencia de La Republica, 1975


Dedicated to my son Guillermo A. Baldó González. Project created July 31st, 2019 by P.L. Baldo D. ARR