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Landau Genealogy and Landau Family History Information

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About the Landau surname

Levi'im (Levites), descended paternally from the Jewish tribe of Levi; the forerunner of the Landau family is Rav Yehuda Liva, who lived in the 14th century in the German town of Landau. His son, Rav Yaakov Boruch, the rishon who wrote the sefer "Ha'agur," quotes his father throughout his responsa. Many Landaus are descended from the famous 18th Century Rabbi, Talmudist and scholar the Gaon Rav Yechezkel Landau zt’l, known as the ‘Noda B’Yehudah’ after his major work of that name. He was born (in the Jewish calendar) on the 18th of Cheshvan in the year 5474 (Oct. 8th 1713) in the town of Apta in Poland to an eminent family that traced its lineage back to the 11th century medieval French Rabbi, Talmudist, Biblical commentator and scholar Rabbeinu Shlomo Yitzchaki – Rashi, himself a descendant of King David. The Noda B'Yehudah is best known, other than through his works which are still of major significance in Jewish scholarship, as the influential Rabbi of Prague during a tumultuous period in the history of both the city and its Jewish community for a period of 38 years until his death in 1793.